5 VERB:A word that expresses action or otherwise helps to make a statement Every sentence MUST have a VERBTwo Types of VerbsAction VerbsLinking VerbsThe most commonly used linking verbs are forms of the verb be:be, being, am, shall be, will be, has been, should be, would be, can beis, are, was, were, have been, had been, shall have been, will have been, could be, should have been, would have been, could have beenOther “State of Being” verbs include:appear, become, feel, grow, look, remain, seem, smell, sound, stay, taste, turn
6 Kinds of Verbs He rode the horse to victory. He has been sick. Action verbs express mental or physical action.Linking verbs make a statement by connecting the subject with a word that describes or explains it.He rode the horse to victory.He has been sick.
7 The Pronoun The pronoun is a word used in place of one or more nouns. It may stand for a person, place, thing, or idea.Indefinite Pronounsanybodyeacheithernonesomeone, one, etc.Demonstrative PronounsthisthatthesethosePersonal PronounsI, me, mineyou, your, yoursshe, her, hers,we, us, our, oursit, itsthey, them, their,theirsmyselfyourselfInterrogative Pronounswhowhomwhatwhichwhose
8 The Adjective Which? What kind? How many? Answers these questions: Modifies or describes anoun or pronoun.Answers these questions:Did you lose your addressbook?Which?Is that a wool sweater?What kind?Just give me five minutes.How many?
9 The Adverb How? When? Where? Modifies or describes a verb, an adjective,or another adverb.Answers the questions:How?He ran quickly.When?She left yesterday.We went there.Where?It was too hot!To what degree or how much?
10 Kinds of Adverbs How? When? How often? Where? Interrogative Adverbs introduce questionsHow did you break your leg?How?When does your plane leave?When?How often do you run?How often?Where?Where did you put the mouse trap?
11 The Preposition A preposition introduces a noun or pronoun or a phrase or clause functioning in the sentenceas a noun. The word or word group that thepreposition introduces is its object.They received a postcard from Bobby tellingabout his trip to Canada.
12 The preposition never stands alone! nounobject ofprepositionprepositionpronounYou can press those leaves under glass.Her telegram to Nina and Ralph brought good news.objects can have modifiersIt happened during the last examination.
13 Some Common Prepositions aboardaboutaboveacrossafteragainstalongamongaroundatbeforebehindbelowbeneathbesidebetweenbeyondbydownduringexceptforfrominintolikeofoffonoverpastsincethroughthroughouttotowardunderunderneathuntilupuponwithwithinwithout
14 A conjunction is a word that joins words The Conjunction(FANBOYS)A conjunction is a word that joins wordsor groups of words.SoYetorForandneither/noreither/orbut
15 The Interjection an exclamatory word that expresses emotion Ugh! I should have studied for this test!Wow! Look at thatsunset!