5 A word that expresses action or otherwise helps to make a statement The VerbA word that expresses action or otherwise helps to make a statement“be” verbs&tastefeelsoundlookappearbecomeseemgrowremainstayActionSubjectLinkingpredicate
7 Kinds of Verbs He rode the horse to victory. He has been sick. Linking verbs make a statement by connecting the subject with a word that describes or explains it.Action verbs express mental or physical action.He rode the horse to victory.He has been sick.
8 The Pronoun The pronoun is a word used in place of one or more nouns. It may stand for a person, place, thing, or idea.Indefinite Pronounsanybodyeacheithernonesomeone, one, etc.Personal PronounsI, me, mineyou, your, yoursshe, her, hers,it, itswe,us, our, oursthey, them, their,theirsmyselfyourselfDemonstrative PronounsthisthatthesethoseInterrogative Pronounswhowhomwhatwhichwhose
9 The Adjective Which? What kind? How many? Modifies or describes a noun or pronoun.Answersthese questions:Did you lose your addressbook?Which?Is that a wool sweater?What kind?Just give me five minutes.How many?
10 Answers the questions: The AdverbModifies or describesa verb, an adjective,or another adverb.Answers the questions:How?He ran quickly.When?She left yesterday.We went there.Where?It was too hot!To what degreeor how much?
11 Kinds of Adverbs How? When? How often? Where? Interrogative Adverbs introduce questionsHow?How did you break your leg?When?When does your plane leave?How often do you run?How often?Where?Where did you put the mouse trap?
12 The Preposition A preposition introduces a noun or pronoun or a phrase or clause functioning in the sentenceas a noun. The word or word group that thepreposition introduces is its object.They received a postcard from Bobby tellingabout his trip to Canada.
13 The preposition never stands alone! nounobject ofprepositionprepositionpronounobjectYou can press those leaves under glass.prepositioncan have more thanone objectHer telegram to Nina and Ralph brought good news.object can have modifiersIt happened during the last examination.
14 Some Common Prepositions aboardaboutaboveacrossafteragainstalongamongaroundatbeforebehindbelowbeneathbesidebetweenbeyondbydownduringexceptforfrominintolikeofoffonoverpastsincethroughthroughouttotowardunderunderneathuntilupuponwithwithinwithout
15 A conjunction is a word that joins words The conjunctionA conjunction is a word that joins wordsor groups of words.orandneither/noreither/orbut
16 The interjection is an exclamatory word that expresses emotion Goodness! What a cute baby!Wow! Look at thatsunset!