Presentation on theme: "Integrated Pest Management"— Presentation transcript:
1 Integrated Pest Management Essential Standard Explain Integrated Pest Management (IPM) and pesticides.
2 Objective 9.01Discuss Integrated Pest Management Strategies
3 Integrated Pest Management Most effective and environmentally friendly method approach to controlFocuses on pest preventionIdentifying, preventing and monitoring pestsLeast amount of danger to the environment.
4 Steps to IPM Identification Prevention of pests Controlled by using cultural methods such as crop rotation, pest resistant varieties and planting pest-free rootstockMonitoring new infestationsTraps may be used to check pest population
5 Steps to IPM Use the less risky pest control first Including pheromones that will disrupt pest matingMechanical controls including traps.If these methods are not effective, additional control methodsTarget sprayingBroadcast spraying would be used as a last resort
6 Biological Control Lady beetles or lady bugs Parasitic wasp Both adults and larva feedSoft bodied insects (aphids), mites and eggs.Parasitic waspCaterpillarButterfly or moth egg or pupaBeetle eggOther insects in the egg, larva or pupa stage
7 Biological Control Praying mantis Green lacewing larvae Will eat just about any pestGreen lacewing larvaePredators that feed mainly on soft bodied insects, mites, and eggsPredatory mitesAttack spider mites at any stage of development inside a greenhouse or outside
15 Reading a Pesticide Label Includes the name and address of manufacturerIncludes the trade, brand or product nameExample is OrthoClassificationGeneral pesticidesPurchased and applied by the general publicRestricted pesticidesPurchased by a licensed certified applicator only.It may be applied by or under the direct supervision of a licensed certified applicator
16 Reading a Pesticide Label Active ingredientsCommon nameChemical nameType of pesticideInsecticide—kills insects.Herbicide—kills unwanted plants.Selective herbicides kill specific weeds or plants.Non selective herbicides kill all plants with which they come in contact.Fungicide controls fungi
17 Reading a Pesticide Label Form of substanceDustWettable powderFumigantLiquidGranularEPA (Environmental Protection Agency) registration number.
18 Reading a Pesticide Label Establishment number—(EPA Est. No.111-NC-1)which appears on the pesticide label or container identifies the facility that produced the productStorage and disposal precautionHazard statement including “Keep Out of the Reach of Children”Net contents
19 Reading a Pesticide Label Statement of practical treatmentWhat to do if a person swallows or is poisonedEnvironmental HazardIndicates that the product may have undesirable effects in the environmentEspecially to wildlife such as bees, fish and birdsGeneral Environmental StatementWatch for run offAvoid applying on windy daysKeep pesticides out of storm water sewer drains
20 Reading a Pesticide Label Physical or Chemical HazardInforms individuals of specific fire or explosion hazardsWorker protection proceduresPPE-personal protective equipmentMasksCoverallsRespiratorsGlovesSafety glasses or gogglesRubber boots
21 Reading a Pesticide Label Reentry time (REI)The time that must past before reentering a treated areaFirst aid statementStorage and disposalDirections for use including mixing and application
22 Pesticide SafetyThe most important rule in pesticide safety is to read and follow all directions on the pesticide label because all other rules are included in this one