Presentation on theme: "Integrated Pest Management Essential Standard 9.00- Explain Integrated Pest Management (IPM) and pesticides."— Presentation transcript:
Integrated Pest Management Essential Standard Explain Integrated Pest Management (IPM) and pesticides.
Objective 9.01 Discuss Integrated Pest Management Strategies Discuss Integrated Pest Management Strategies
Integrated Pest Management Most effective and environmentally friendly method approach to control Focuses on pest prevention Identifying, preventing and monitoring pests Least amount of danger to the environment.
Steps to IPM Identification Prevention of pests Controlled by using cultural methods such as crop rotation, pest resistant varieties and planting pest-free rootstock Monitoring new infestations Traps may be used to check pest population
Steps to IPM Use the less risky pest control first Including pheromones that will disrupt pest mating Mechanical controls including traps If these methods are not effective, additional control methods Target spraying Broadcast spraying would be used as a last resort
Biological Control Lady beetles or lady bugs Both adults and larva feed Soft bodied insects (aphids), mites and eggs. Parasitic wasp Caterpillar Butterfly or moth egg or pupa Beetle egg Other insects in the egg, larva or pupa stage
Biological Control Praying mantis Will eat just about any pest Green lacewing larvae Predators that feed mainly on soft bodied insects, mites, and eggs Predatory mites Attack spider mites at any stage of development inside a greenhouse or outside
Safely Using Agriculture Chemicals
Objective 9.02 Discuss key signal words and safety precautions on pesticide labels. Discuss key signal words and safety precautions on pesticide labels.
Pesticide Any material used to control pests (plants or animals that are harmful to human beings or to the crops that they cultivate) Any material used to control pests (plants or animals that are harmful to human beings or to the crops that they cultivate) May be natural or manmade May be natural or manmade
Key Signal Words Danger Danger Has a skull and crossbones symbol and the word POISON in red on the label It is highly toxic Orally Dermally Inhalation Causes severe eye or skin burn
Key Signal Words Warning Warning Is moderately toxic orally, dermally, through inhalation and moderate eye and skin irritation The word WARNING will be written on the label
Key Signal Words Caution Is slightly toxic to relatively non-toxic orally, dermally or through inhalation or causes slight eye and skin irritation The word CAUTION will be written on the label.
Key Signal Words
Reading a Pesticide Label Includes the name and address of manufacturer Includes the trade, brand or product name Example is Ortho Classification General pesticides Purchased and applied by the general public Restricted pesticides Purchased by a licensed certified applicator only. It may be applied by or under the direct supervision of a licensed certified applicator
Reading a Pesticide Label Active ingredients Common name Chemical name Type of pesticide Insecticidekills insects. Herbicidekills unwanted plants. Selective herbicides kill specific weeds or plants. Non selective herbicides kill all plants with which they come in contact. Fungicide controls fungi
Reading a Pesticide Label Form of substance Dust Wettable powder Fumigant Liquid Granular EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) registration number.
Reading a Pesticide Label Establishment number(EPA Est. No.111- NC-1) which appears on the pesticide label or container identifies the facility that produced the product Storage and disposal precaution Hazard statement including Keep Out of the Reach of Children Net contents
Reading a Pesticide Label Statement of practical treatment What to do if a person swallows or is poisoned Environmental Hazard Indicates that the product may have undesirable effects in the environment Especially to wildlife such as bees, fish and birds General Environmental Statement Watch for run off Avoid applying on windy days Keep pesticides out of storm water sewer drains
Reading a Pesticide Label Physical or Chemical Hazard Informs individuals of specific fire or explosion hazards Worker protection procedures PPE-personal protective equipment Masks Coveralls Respirators Gloves Safety glasses or goggles Rubber boots
Reading a Pesticide Label Reentry time (REI) The time that must past before reentering a treated area First aid statement Storage and disposal Directions for use including mixing and application
Pesticide Safety The most important rule in pesticide safety is to read and follow all directions on the pesticide label because all other rules are included in this one The most important rule in pesticide safety is to read and follow all directions on the pesticide label because all other rules are included in this one
Choosing Pesticides North Carolina Agricultural Chemicals Manual North Carolina Agricultural Chemicals Manual May be purchased from NC State University May be purchased from NC State University May be viewed online at: May be viewed online at: