Presentation on theme: "Using Agricultural Chemicals Safely"— Presentation transcript:
1Using Agricultural Chemicals Safely 31.00 Interpret chemical labels to ensure safe pesticide application32.00 Examine the agricultural chemical manual and its uses
2PesticideAny material used to control pests (plants or animals that are harmful to human beings or to the crops that they cultivate)May be natural or manmade
3Types of pesticides Insecticides-used to control insects Miticides-control mites (spider-like animals) and ticksFungicides-controls fungal diseasesHerbicides-kill unwanted plants and weedsRodenticides-kill rodents, such as rats and mice
4Types of PesticidesNematocides-kill nematodes (tiny hairlike worms that feed on the roots of plants)Molluscicides-used to kill slugs and snails
5Pesticide SafetyCheck the recommended uses to be sure it is the correct substance for the intended use.Have clean water and detergents available to wash spills.
6Pesticide Safety Wear correct personal protective equipment (PPE) gloves, respirator, coveralls, etc.
7Pesticide Safety Use extra caution with concentrated chemicals Apply the chemical with careAlways mix just enough for the job at handConsider weather conditions
8Pesticide Safety Guard against inhalation or ingestion Toxicity can occur by contact with:skin (dermal)eyes (ocular)mouth (oral)breathingStore and dispose of chemicals properly
9Pesticide SafetyThe most important rule in pesticide safety is to read and follow all directions on the pesticide label because all other rules are included in this one
11Pesticide Labels All pesticide labels will include the following: Name and address of manufacturerTrade NameActive ingredients including official common name or chemical name of each ingredienttype of pesticide-herbicide, insecticide, fungicide, etc.
12Pesticide LabelsForm of substance-dust wettable powder, fumigant, etc.EPA registration numberStorage and disposal precautionsHazard statement including “Keep out of reach of children”Directions for use-mixing, application, etc.Net contents
13Pesticide LabelsStatement of practical treatment stating what to do if a person swallows or is poisoned by spilling the chemical on the skinWorker protection procedures including reentry time on how long before a person can enter the treated area
14Pesticide Labels Signal Words Caution-slightly toxic or non-toxic Warning-moderately toxicDanger-has skull and crossbones symbol and poison on the label.Highly toxic, most poison or lethaldosage
15Choosing Pesticides North Carolina Agricultural Chemicals Manual May be purchased from NC State UniversityMay be viewed online at: