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QUESTIONS and ANSWERS: Implementing RTI in your School OR in your District Nuts and Bolts from Colleagues who are using RTI Giancarlo Anselmo School Psychologist/RTI.

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Presentation on theme: "QUESTIONS and ANSWERS: Implementing RTI in your School OR in your District Nuts and Bolts from Colleagues who are using RTI Giancarlo Anselmo School Psychologist/RTI."— Presentation transcript:


2 QUESTIONS and ANSWERS: Implementing RTI in your School OR in your District Nuts and Bolts from Colleagues who are using RTI Giancarlo Anselmo School Psychologist/RTI Coordinator Cleveland County Schools

3 Nuts and Bolts Training What RtI looks like in our schools Things we have done to gain support Typical day Special circumstances

4 Cleveland County Schools –Roughly 17,000 students –4 high schools, 4 middle schools, 2 intermediate schools, 16 elementary schools –13% of population is EC

5 Questions How many people have gone through state training? How much training did you receive in how to implement Tier I and Tier II?

6 Level I Consultation Between Teachers-Parents Level II Consultation With Other Resources Intensity of Problem Amount of Resources Needed to Solve Problem Level III Consultation with the Problem Solving Team Level IV IEP Consideration Define the problem Develop a Plan Implement Plan Evaluate


8 Initial Training Team School Psychologist Curriculum Coordinator School Counselor Kindergarten Teacher Educational Diagnostician Principals of two initial schools

9 Local Norm Project Hybrid between DIBELs and Skill Builder Probes Local norm sample consisted of 576 students across 1 st -5 th grades More than 100 students per grade DIBELS data was from approximately 400 students per grade K-2

10 Sample From 1 st and 2 nd Grade

11 Overall Implementation and Expansion 2006/2007 school year RTI procedures were piloted in two elementary schools –One large school (700 students) Springmore –One small school (400 students) Casar 2007/2008 implementation has expanded into two more large elementary schools –Fallston Elementary (600 students) –Union Elementary (600 students) 2008/2009 we plan to expand into 2 to 4 new schools

12 Training Our District Initial team trained each school Separate trainings have been done on: –Overview of process –Tier I procedures –Tier II/III procedures –Interventions School Psychologist did a separate training with school-based problem solving teams to teach Tier III procedures


14 Teacher Supports Teachers have been trained on all tiers of process CBM training Teachers each received intervention notebooks Intervention training Teachers are assigned case colleagues from the Problem Solving Team to help with procedures, paperwork, or interventions starting at Tier I

15 Case Colleagues Every grade has a case colleague Case colleagues help teachers with paperwork, interventions, moral support, and scheduling of meetings Case colleagues meet with teachers on a weekly basis

16 Roles of Case Colleague Case colleague will meet with teacher at the beginning of Tier I/Tier II to help with paperwork, interventions, and answer any other questions that arise Case colleagues also meet with teachers every other week to check in on progress Case colleagues will also meet with teachers at the end of Tier II Case colleagues will be in charge of setting up PST Team meeting if moving to Tier III

17 PST Team Makeup People who might be on your team Principal School Psychologist EC representative Regular Education Teacher Interventionists Teacher of student Parents Others as needed

18 How PST Team Changed Last Year Principal School Psychologist EC teacher Diagnostician Teacher of student Regular ed teacher Title 1 reading specialist Counselor Social worker Parent This Year Principal School Psychologist Case Colleague Title 1/Interventionist Parent Teacher of student Diagnostician Others used as needed MISTAKES

19 What is the Best Way to Train a Problem Solving Team First Year Training Consisted of training teams using PowerPoints from state training Trained teams from two schools at once Second Year Training Trainings consisted of sitting down with each PST team and going over case studies Cases from their own schools were used to help them go through the process MISTAKES

20 Teachers Teaching Teachers Intervention training done in the middle of the year 90% of training was done by teachers who had shown great ability to run interventions in their classrooms and differentiate instruction Training went very well and most teachers were very receptive to ideas from other teachers

21 Students Entering Tier 1 First Year K-2 Students entered Tier I in reading based on DIBELS data All other subject areas and grades 3-5 where based on teacher discretion Second Year All Children K-5 went through benchmarking process at RtI schools MISTAKES

22 Benchmarking All RTI Schools K-5 th Grade All students are screened three times a year using either DIBELS, Skill Builder probes, or Aims Web Maze Fluency probes Teachers have been shown data and given recommendations on who needs to enter Tier 1 Teachers have been shown what skill to teach and what to use to progress monitor each child


24 Curriculum Based Measurements Teachers are being taught to use CBMs for progress monitoring Training was done by school psychologists during planning times broken up over several weeks Nearly all instruction is tracked using CBM data Data is not graphed or charted until child enters Tier III Teachers are given guidance on setting appropriate goals

25 Target Student Discrepancy 1: Skill Gap (Current Performance Level) Avg Classroom Academic Performance Level Discrepancy 2: Gap in Rate of Learning (Slope of Improvement) Jim Wright 2005

26 Timelines Beginning of the year benchmark assessment Targeted students enter Tier I based on information from class and assessments Plan is written with help of parent and usually Case Colleague Teachers intervene in specific area for 6 weeks or longer Dialogue continues with Case Colleague Process will repeat with Tier II except more people are generally involved

27 Tier III Structure Different people at all schools handling interventions: School 1- Person hired with Title 1 money doing all interventions School 2- 3 Title one teachers doing most interventions School 3- EC teachers are main interventionists School 4- Combination of Title 1 and EC

28 School Wide Support For Process Showing how the Discrepancy model was probably not the best model in order to catch students early Studies done at local level showing legitimacy of Curriculum Based Data


30 Cleveland County Schools EOG/CBM data 2007

31 Correlation Studies looking at EOG and CBM Assessments EOG and ORF correlation coefficients –3 rd grade:.69 –4 th grade:.59 –5 th grade:.53 EOG and Maze Fluency correlation coefficients –3 rd grade:.61 –4 th grade:.63 –5 th grade:.63

32 Correlation Studies looking at District Performance on EOG and CBM Assessments EOG and Skill Builder Word Problem probes correlation coefficients –3 rd grade:.64 –4 th grade:.49 –5 th grade:.60

33 School Approach to Interventions Each grade level has an intervention period built into the daily schedule Fluid time when any student in that grade level can go anywhere in the school to receive intervention Students not on intervention plan receive challenge enrichment activities – gifted teacher can consult with staff about activities Can be hard to schedule but has great results and great teacher feedback

34 Psychologists Roles at RtI Schools Help with implementation and scoring of Benchmark data Crunch data from benchmark and put into consumable form for teachers and administration Help teachers with academic and behavioral interventions-How to implement? Where to find? Provide guidance on whether progress is sufficient enough to warrant moving up or down in the tiers

35 Psychologists Roles at RtI Schools Help with the monitoring of student behaviors for management plans Give guidance on appropriate goals Teach how to administer and score CBMs Sit on Problem Solving Team Progress monitor students in Tier III two to three times a week Keep master database of where each child is located in process

36 Special Circumstances Child moving within district from RTI school to non RTI Child moving within district from non RTI school to RTI school Parent request for testing

37 Parent Request for Testing Child still goes through the RTI process Traditional testing is completed All data is then used to make a decision about placement

38 Fidelity and Integrity checks Case Colleague meeting form Interventions are observed before a child moves to a new tier –Intervention observation form is used Before placement is considered, third party is looking over Tier III process to make sure everything has been done properly





43 Behavior Students Tier I simple behavior plan and modifications are implimented and monitored Teacher meets with PST team at the start of Tier II –Part of this process will generally incorporate a FBA/BIP

44 Child Moving within District from Non RTI School to RTI School If child was in SSMT process, child automatically enters Tier II If child was in the middle of an evaluation, then the child starts receiving interventions in Tier III

45 Child Moving within District from RTI School to Non RTI School If child is in Tier I, new school is instructed to keep a close eye on students progress If child is in Tier II or Tier III, it is suggested that they use their SSMT process and decide whether an evaluation is appropriate

46 Questions?

47 RTI/Intervention Resources: Cleveland County Schools

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