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Canada Clinic: Looking Beyond the 49th Parallel CANADAS GEOGRAPHY November 11, 2010 Canada Clinic: Looking Beyond the 49th Parallel CANADAS GEOGRAPHY November.

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Presentation on theme: "Canada Clinic: Looking Beyond the 49th Parallel CANADAS GEOGRAPHY November 11, 2010 Canada Clinic: Looking Beyond the 49th Parallel CANADAS GEOGRAPHY November."— Presentation transcript:

1 Canada Clinic: Looking Beyond the 49th Parallel CANADAS GEOGRAPHY November 11, 2010 Canada Clinic: Looking Beyond the 49th Parallel CANADAS GEOGRAPHY November 11, 2010 Betsy Arntzen Canadian Studies K-12 Outreach Coordinator Canadian-American Center. University of Maine

2 Welcome! Geography of Canada Presenter: Betsy Arntzen Canadian Studies K-12 Education Outreach Northeast National Resource Center on Canada Canadian-American Center, University of Maine Please take 3 minutes to: Please take 3 minutes to: take the quiz take the quiz eat some dulse eat some dulse look at the back of a cereal box look at the back of a cereal box

3 Back of Cereal Box _____ Krogers Toasted Oats Cincinnati, Ohio

4 Importance of Geography Education Lack of geographical knowledge can be more than an embarrassment. Two examples: How can we assess the merits of NAFTA if we are unfamiliar with trade patterns? How can we assess the merits of NAFTA if we are unfamiliar with trade patterns? How can US and Canada effectively co-manage the Great Lakes without understanding existing agreements and how each country uses the lakes How can US and Canada effectively co-manage the Great Lakes without understanding existing agreements and how each country uses the lakes

5 Canada-U.S. trade and investment partnership

6 Canada is #1 trading partner for 36 states

7

8 Three-Part Presentation: 1 st : a discussion about Geography 1 st : a discussion about Geography 2 nd : an overview, Geography of Canada 2 nd : an overview, Geography of Canada 3 rd : an exercise which brings it together 3 rd : an exercise which brings it together

9 Geographers try to answer three questions: Where? Where? Why there? Why there? Why do we care? Why do we care?

10 Dulse Think like a geographer – Where does dulse grow? Where does dulse grow? Why is it harvested? Why is it harvested? How can we find out how Dulse fits into the economy, into the culture? How can we find out how Dulse fits into the economy, into the culture?

11 Five Fundamental Themes Location Location Place Place Human/Environment Interaction Human/Environment Interaction Movement Movement Region Region

12 LOCATION Absolute Location: latitude, longitude, an address, site and situation, scale Relative Location: distance and direction to other places Questions: Where is ____? Where is ____ relative to where I am?

13 PLACE Physical or Natural Characteristics: landforms, bodies of water, climate, minerals, soil, plants, animals Human or Cultural Characteristics: history, buildings and roads, economy, settlements, race and ethnicity, religion and language, population distribution, land use, government Questions: What does ____ look like? Why? How is it different from ____?

14 Human/Environment Interaction Relationships between people and their environment; the development and consequences of human-environment relationships Human adaptation, use or resources, human impact. Evaluation, analysis of ecosystems, natural resources, consequences of the interaction Questions: What human-environment relationships are occurring? How do they affect the place, the inhabitants?

15 MOVEMENT Movement of material (earth, air, water, goods) people, or ideas and information among places. Explanation, prediction of migration, diffusion, globalization Questions: How has this pattern developed? Will it continue to change? What does it mean for the places involved?

16 REGION Region – an area with places which share similar characteristics or processes Human Regions: economic, political, human characteristics Natural or Physical Regions: landforms, climate, physical characteristics Composite Regions: area sharing several characteristics

17 Geography of Canada Canadas Really Big Our mountains are very pointy. Our prairies are not. The rest is kinda bumpy- But, man, do we have a lot we gotta lot of land, we gotta whole lot of land - Lyrics by Arrogant Worms

18 Regions of Canada Powerpoint Regions of Canada Powerpoint

19 Think like Geographers Where Do People Live? Why There? Where Do People Live? Why There? Five criteria are: Five criteria are: near coasts near coasts near rivers and fresh water near rivers and fresh water temperate climates temperate climates flat terrain flat terrain fertile soil fertile soil

20 Exercise to tie it together You are a part of a family immigrating to Canada from another part of the world. You are a part of a family immigrating to Canada from another part of the world. Your family will explore and analyze geographic information about each region. Take 5 minutes or less per region Your family will explore and analyze geographic information about each region. Take 5 minutes or less per region Goal: decide where will be best for your family to settle, and why there Goal: decide where will be best for your family to settle, and why there

21 Welcome To Canada! Immigration Canada has accepted you and your family as new Canadians! Canada is a big country. Where will be the best place for your family to relocate? At this Immigration Canada Office, you will be able to visit exhibits about each of Canadas six regions and learn more about Canadas regional geography, economy, and culture. Then, you will be asked as a family, where you will move to start your new life in Canada. Canada is a big country. Where will be the best place for your family to relocate? At this Immigration Canada Office, you will be able to visit exhibits about each of Canadas six regions and learn more about Canadas regional geography, economy, and culture. Then, you will be asked as a family, where you will move to start your new life in Canada.

22 Reports Zhang Family will move to: Zhang Family will move to: Ledgister Family will move to: Ledgister Family will move to: Chandrark Family will move to: Chandrark Family will move to: Huynh Family will move to: Huynh Family will move to: Agbayani Family will move to: Agbayani Family will move to: Khaskheli Family will move to: Khaskheli Family will move to:

23 Languages in Canada: Number of speakers Languages in Canada: Number of speakers English: 21,863,015 English: 21,863,015 French: 7,214,280 French: 7,214,280 Chinese 855,655 Chinese 855,655 Italian: 371,200 Italian: 371,200 Punjabi: 280,535 Punjabi: 280,535

24 Canadas Largest Cities Name Population Lat/Long 1) Toronto, ON 4,612, / / / ) Montréal, QC 3,268, / / / ) Vancouver, BC 1,837, / / / ) Calgary, AB 1,019, / / / ) Ottawa, ON 812, / / / ) Edmonton, AB 712, / / / ) Mississauga, ON 668, / / / ) North York, ON 636, / / / ) Winnipeg, MB 632, / / / ) Québec, QC 528, / / /

25 Diagram developed by Michigan Geography Alliance What fundamental themes of geography were introduced and/or explored in the Immigration exercise? How could each theme be extended?

26 Extensions

27 Additional geography exercises Your State & Province/Territory of Canada Select one province or territory from a list of five. In one paragraph, describe 5 ways that this province or territory is geographically similar to your state. In a second paragraph, 5 ways that it is geographically different. Your State & Province/Territory of Canada Select one province or territory from a list of five. In one paragraph, describe 5 ways that this province or territory is geographically similar to your state. In a second paragraph, 5 ways that it is geographically different. Thunder Bay and Toronto Toronto is a city in southern ON, population 2.5 million. Thunder Bay, population 120,000, is located 850 miles northwest of Toronto. What geographic data will you need to analyze to be able to describe in what ways these cities are similar and different in important ways? Report your findings. Thunder Bay and Toronto Toronto is a city in southern ON, population 2.5 million. Thunder Bay, population 120,000, is located 850 miles northwest of Toronto. What geographic data will you need to analyze to be able to describe in what ways these cities are similar and different in important ways? Report your findings. Locate a Korean Auto Plant A Korean auto manufacturer plans to build a plant somewhere in Canada to produce 800 electric cars per day and employ 3000 workers. Identify the criteria for selecting a good site for the plant. Using the criteria recommend three sites. Draw a map that identifies their locations. Explain why they are good sites. Locate a Korean Auto Plant A Korean auto manufacturer plans to build a plant somewhere in Canada to produce 800 electric cars per day and employ 3000 workers. Identify the criteria for selecting a good site for the plant. Using the criteria recommend three sites. Draw a map that identifies their locations. Explain why they are good sites.

28 Geography made us neighbors, History made us friends, and Economics made us partners. - JFKennedy

29 Canada Clinic: Looking Beyond the 49th Parallel CANADAS GEOGRAPHY November 11, 2010 Canada Clinic: Looking Beyond the 49th Parallel CANADAS GEOGRAPHY November 11, 2010 Betsy Arntzen Canadian Studies K-12 Outreach Coordinator Canadian-American Center. University of Maine


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