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Cover Slide ~ DAML Experiment ~ Presented by Cola Atkinson – BBN 07 May 2003.

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Presentation on theme: "Cover Slide ~ DAML Experiment ~ Presented by Cola Atkinson – BBN 07 May 2003."— Presentation transcript:

1 Cover Slide ~ DAML Experiment ~ Presented by Cola Atkinson – BBN 07 May 2003

2 SWMU Conference May 2003 (2) Purpose of Brief n Present key elements of DARPA DAML Experiment l Goals & Objectives l Context (SONAT) l Beyond the Experiment n Encourage participation in the SONAT software demonstration opportunity this evening

3 SWMU Conference May 2003 (3) Key DAML Experiment Goals n Provide focus and context for integration and demonstration of DAML technologies l Identify and measure relevant metrics l Stress DAML technologies l Provide feedback to researchers n Develop a real-world scale prototype application that demonstrates the potential of semantic web technologies to meet key military needs n Support future transition efforts

4 SWMU Conference May 2003 (4) Key DAML Experiment Goals n Provide focus and context for integration and demonstration of DAML technologies l Identify and measure relevant metrics l Stress DAML technologies l Provide feedback to researchers n Develop a real-world scale prototype application that demonstrates the potential of semantic web technologies to meet key military needs n Support future transition efforts

5 SWMU Conference May 2003 (5) DAML Researchers n DAML Ontologies l DRC l University of Rochester n DAML Translation l Cycorp l GRCI l Yale n DAML Applications l BBN l U. of Edinburgh n DAML Agents l CMU l LMCO l UMBC n DAML Language l MIT/W3C l CMU l Olin College l U. of West Florida n DAML Tools l Stanford KB Group l Teknowledge l UMCP l ISI n DAML Services l CMU l KSL l SRI DAML Integration - BBN

6 SWMU Conference May 2003 (6) Metrics n Technical Metrics l Complexity of ontologies u Depth, breath, # classes/properties l Distribution of ontologies l Volume of instance data l Performance l Number of agents l Mapping/merging l Information retrieval precision/recall n Operational Metrics: How well do the analyses: l Address enemys elements of national power systems? l Identify effects that will influence decision making? l Determine how to effect what the enemy values most?

7 SWMU Conference May 2003 (7) Key DAML Experiment Goals n Provide focus and context for integration and demonstration of DAML technologies l Identify and measure relevant metrics l Stress DAML technologies l Provide feedback to researchers n Develop a real-world scale prototype application that demonstrates the potential of semantic web technologies to meet key military needs n Support future transition efforts

8 SWMU Conference May 2003 (8) Experiment Problem Space = ONA / EBO Operational Net Assessment:.... a continuous and collaborative process that provides a coherent knowledge base about ourselves, the adversary, how the adversary views us, and the environment. Effects-Based Operations:.... focuses on obtaining a desired strategic objective by producing effects through the application of the full range of military and non-military capabilities Knowledge is a key characteristic of future joint operations and a critical attribute for rapid decisive operations.

9 SWMU Conference May 2003 (9) ONA/EBO Business Process Planning Destroy Bridge… Seize Assets… Neutralize C2… Develop Options Potential Options Enemy VulnerabilityUS Goals Neutralize C2 – TLAM2-C Destroy Bridge – F-15E/GBU … Target Planning/Engagement Apportioned Targets Task Execution Resources Execution C2 Neutralized: 2 weeks to repair Minor Bridge Damage: Operational, Re-strike Task Execution Updated Value/Status Observation/BDA Assess Damage/Target Status Political Alliances… Financial Assets… Mobile Launch Systems… Identify/Weigh Enemy National Power Value to Enemy Enemy Vulnerabilities Sources of Power CINCs/Services/AgenciesCINC/CJTF CJTF/Components Intel Sources/ JTF Components Neutralize C2 - (Info & DoD) Destroy Bridge - (DoD) Seize Assets - (Commerce) Prioritize/Apportion Targets Apportioned Targets US CapabilitiesPotential Options Knowledge Enemy Elements of National Power Political Infrastructure Information Economic Social Military Friendly Capabilities Diplomatic Information Military Economic Goals/Objectives Secure… Defeat… Engage…

10 SWMU Conference May 2003 (10) DAML Experiment Process DARPA Semantic Web Technology Goals & Objectives JFCOM J9 Operational Net Assessment Concepts DAML Experiment DARPA / DAML Research Teams Ontologies Knowledge Bases [Ontologies + Instance Data] Agents Applications [Developmental & Operational] Key Products

11 SWMU Conference May 2003 (11) SONAT Objectives n Use analysis of known Elements of National Power (ENP) to identify potential vulnerabilities of enemy countries (PMESI 2 ) l Political l Military l Economic l Social l Infrastructure l Information n Treat potential enemys ENP as a system-of-systems n Identify causes and effects n Identify potential friendly actions (DIME) l Diplomatic l Information l Military l Economic n Build effects to tasks linkages n Weigh relative impacts n Develop COAs (Focus at CINC/JTF level)

12 SWMU Conference May 2003 (12) Enemy Elements of National Power Political Infrastructure Information Economic Social Military Friendly Capabilities Diplomatic Information Military Economic Goals/Objectives Secure… Defeat… Engage… Knowledge Representation – Distributed, Web-Based Applications and Agents (processing) COA agent Imagery agent Notification agent Effects agents Target/ Shooter Agents BDA agent ENP agent FIPS Country Codes CIA Chiefs of State DTJRT NIMA Geo Names CIA World Fact Book operation.daml target status.daml targets.daml units. daml prioritized targets. daml enp. daml images.daml Semantic Operational Net Assessment Tool MCDA agent Knowledge Structured Reference Semi Structured Workflow Visualization agents Metrics agent

13 SWMU Conference May 2003 (13) SONAT Demonstration n Build knowledge base of elements of national power (PMESI 2 ) n Expand KB to include relationships / effects between elements n Build knowledge base of friendly capabilities (DIME) n Build knowledge base of operational objectives n Expand knowledge base to contain ENP-to-Objective relationships n Build knowledge base of cause & effect relationships between tasks and objectives n Automatically prioritize tasks based on expected effect against overall objectives n Assign tasks based on organizational capabilities and relationships

14 SWMU Conference May 2003 (14) New Capability Integration Goals for 2003 Experiment n DAML – JBI n ONA ontologies mapped to OpenCyc & SUMO n New ontologies (daml-spatial, daml-time) n Update & utilize UJTL KB n GeoTopics data sources n AeroDAML NL processing techniques n Tactical constraint checker n DAML-S (Services) n RuleML n DAML Query Language (DQL) n New development & visualization tools

15 SWMU Conference May 2003 (15) Beyond the Experiment n SONAT shows one way to assemble agents and applications exploiting ontologies, data and knowledge bases to provide a specific type of operational support. n DAML Experiment is contributing to a growing inventory of resources usable by the broader semantic web community l Ontologies l Knowledge bases l User Interfaces l Agents & applications l Development tools n DAML Experiment agents and applications use semantics and instance data in the ontologies, but are not embedded within the knowledge base.... l Data sources / knowledge bases maintained by owner l Can be used for entirely different applications

16 SWMU Conference May 2003 (16) Key DAML Experiment Goals n Provide focus and context for integration and demonstration of DAML technologies l Identify and measure relevant metrics l Stress DAML technologies l Provide feedback to researchers n Develop a real-world scale prototype application that demonstrates the potential of semantic web technologies to meet key military needs n Support future transition efforts

17 SWMU Conference May 2003 (17) Potential 2003 Transition Opportunities Continue coordination with JFCOM to support ONA Army interested in DAML use in Army Knowledge Online (AKO) SONAT ARMYINTEL Intelligence community interested in DAML for knowledge management Looking for transition Opportunity into JC2

18 SWMU Conference May 2003 (18) Summary n Key elements of DARPA DAML Experiment l Goals & Objectives l Context (SONAT) l Beyond the Experiment n SONAT software demonstration(s) l This afternoon l Late by request

19 SWMU Conference May 2003 (19) BACKUP SLIDES

20 SWMU Conference May 2003 (20) Metrics Agent Output n Collects metrics on ontologies and content used in DAML Experiment Ontologies1626 Classes Properties57229 Instances12,507308,491 Statements13,6741,062,480 Afghanistan ENP and Operations Oct 02Apr 03


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