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1 Service Oriented Architecture Reference Model An informal SOA Ontology.

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1 1 Service Oriented Architecture Reference Model An informal SOA Ontology

2 2 Reference Model An abstract framework for understanding significant relationships among the entities of some environment. Consists of a minimal set of unifying concepts, axioms and relationships within a particular problem domain. Is independent of specific standards, technologies, implementations, or other concrete details.

3 3 Reference Model

4 4 Service Oriented Architecture Service Oriented Architecture is a paradigm for organizing and utilizing distributed capabilities that may be under the control of different ownership domains. Goal of this reference model is to define the essence of Service Oriented Architecture

5 5 Why Service Oriented Architecture? Drivers: Large scale Enterprise systems Internet scale provisioning of services Reduce the cost of doing business Benefits Build scalable, evolvable systems Scalable because minimizes assumptions Manage complex systems Encourage re-use of business function

6 6 Why is it different? SOA reflects the reality of ownership boundaries CORBA, RMI, COM, DCOM, etc. all try to implement transparent distributed systems Ownership is of the essence in SOA SOA is task oriented Services are organized by function Getting something done SOA is inspired by human organizations It worked for us, it should work for machines

7 7 What is not in the RM Service composition Choreography, orchestration Process Oriented Architecture Organizational framework Who is doing what to whom Specific technologies not even specific architectures

8 8 Key concepts

9 9 Service A mechanism to enable access to one or more capabilities using a prescribed interface consistent with constraints and policies as specified by the service description.

10 10 Visibility Awareness Service description Discovery Willingness Policy & contract Reachability Communication Visibility is the relationship between service participants that is satisfied when they are able to interact with each other

11 11 Interaction Interacting with a service involves performing actions against the service The extent to which one system can effectively interpret information from another system is governed by the semantic engagement of the various systems. The semantic engagement of a system is a relationship between the system and information it may encounter.

12 12 Real World Effect The purpose of using a capability is to realize one or more real world effects. At its core, an interaction is an act as opposed to an object and the result of an interaction is an effect (or a set/series of effects). The real world effect is couched in terms of changes to the state shared by the participants and stakeholders in a service interaction

13 13 About Services

14 14 Conditions and Expectations Policy Constraint representing the intention of a participant in a service Contract Constraint representing an agreement between two or more participants.

15 15 Description The service description represents the information needed in order to use, manage or provide a service. Service reachability Service Functionality Service Policies Service Interface

16 16 Execution Context The execution context is the set of infrastructure elements, process entities, policy assertions and agreements that are identified as part of an instantiated service interaction, and thus forms a path between those with needs and those with capabilities

17 17 Is a Reference Model an Ontology? Establishing a vocabulary A lot of definitions The RM glossary has 28 entries Formality was considered Audience is not formal Mechanical processing of RM not expected

18 18 What about UML UML obvious choice for an architecture spec But, Inheritance (is-a) relationship almost never used Extraneous precision E.g. we tried to define Service, not count the number of service providers Its so ugly

19 19 An early concept map

20 20 Concepts Maps Concepts maps were excellent graphical indices to text Concepts, and relationships. All we needed

21 21 On the cutting-room floor…

22 22 Where we are Committee Specification published Reference Architecture effort started

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