Presentation on theme: "Organization of American States Inter-American Committee Against Terrorism 4th Regular Session – Montevideo, Uruguay 30 January 2004 ICAO AVSEC Programme."— Presentation transcript:
1 Organization of American States Inter-American Committee Against Terrorism 4th Regular Session – Montevideo, Uruguay 30 January ICAO AVSEC Programme Future ChallengesMichiel VreedenburghRegional Officer, Aviation SecurityInternational Civil Aviation OrganizationNorth American, Central American and Caribbean Regional Office - Mexico
4 Launch Pads to Aviation Security 2002ConferenceNewDimensions9/11Aircraft asWeapons ofDestruction2001AssemblyContinuous strengthening1970AssemblyHijackings1974Annex 17On September 11, 2001, aircraft were used as weapons of destruction, instigating a whole new dimension of threatThe ICAO Assembly met just two weeks later and adopted Resolution A33-1, Declaration on misuse of civil aircraft as weapons of destruction and other terrorist acts involving civil aviationThis Resolution calls on States to strengthen preventive measures,achieve full implementation of ICAO SARPs and the multilateral conventions on AVSEC, enhance cooperation, and ensure severe punishment for infringementThe Resolution also called on ICAO to convene an AVSEC Conference at an early date and this High Level, Ministerial Conference on Aviation Security met in Montreal on 19 and 20 February 2002 to endorse a global strategy for strengthening AVSEC worldwide
5 2001 Assembly ActionThe Assembly unanimously adopted Resolution A33-1, Declaration on misuse of civil aircraft as weapons of destruction and other terrorist acts involving civil aviation
7 Conference Objectives Preventing, combatting and eradicating acts of terrorismStrengthening ICAO’s role in developing SARPsEnsuring the necessary financial means for urgent actions
8 Conference ActionsEndorsed a global strategy for strengthening aviation security worldwideIssued a public declaration reflecting the outcome of the Conference and commitment to strengthen aviation security worldwide
9 ICAO AVSEC Plan of Action Universal Security Audit Programme (USAP)Reinforcement of AVSEC Mechanism for urgent assistance and follow-upAssistance to States through Technical Cooperation Programme in addressing shortcomings and deficiencies
10 International AVSEC Legal Instruments Convention on International Civil Aviation, Chicago 1944Convention on Offences and Certain Other Acts Committed on Board Aircraft, TokyoConvention for the Suppression of Unlawful Seizure of Aircraft, The HagueConvention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Civil Aviation, MontréalProtocol for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts of Violence at Airports Serving International Civil Aviation, MontréalConvention on the Marking of Plastic Explosives for the Purpose of Detection, Montréal – 1991
11 ICAO AVSEC Publications 7th Edition of Annex 17 Security – Safeguarding International Civil Aviation Against Acts of Unlawful Interference became applicable on 1 July 2002Amendment 27 to the 8th Edition of Annex 6 Operation of Aircraft - Part 1 International Commercial Air Transport – Aeroplanes became applicable on 25 November 20026th Edition of Doc (Restricted) Security Manual for Safeguarding Civil Aviation Against Acts of Unlawful Interference was published in 2002.Provisional Edition of Doc (Restricted) Security Audit Reference Manual was published in 2002.Provisional Edition of Doc (Restricted) Manual on the Implementation of the Security Provision of Annex 6 was published in 2002.
13 Principal Annex 17 Requirements State Level ProvisionAVSEC Legislation and RegulationsNational AVSEC ProgrammeNational AVSEC CommitteeNational AVSEC AuthorityNational AVSEC Oversight and Quality ControlNational AVSEC Training ProgrammeNational AVSEC Contingency PlanAirport AVSEC Programmes, Committees, Contingency Plans, etc.Operator AVSEC Programmes
14 Amendment 10 to Annex 17Applicability of Annex 17 to domestic operationsInternational cooperation on threatTraining of staff and certification of screenersNational quality control programmesProtection of the cockpitScreening of hold baggage in 2006Provisions for armed in-flight security personnelAccess control relating to air crew and airport personnelJoint response to acts of unlawful interference
15 Amendment 27 to Annex 6 Part I Chapter 13 Security – applicable 28 Nov. 2002Strengthened flight crew compartment door (Standard 1 Nov. 2003)Locking of door during flightMonitoring of area outside doorCommunications with flight crewAircraft search inspectionSecurity training programmeApplicable to domestic operationsaircraft security check (S )background check (S , 4.7.2)human factors and human performance (RP 2.4.2, S )security restricted area (S )unidentified baggage (RP )
16 ICAO AVSEC Panel Last 15th Meeting held in March 2003 Next 16th Meeting planned in May 2004Meeting Agenda includes the consideration of the draft Amendment 11 to Annex 17 planned for applicability in November 2005
17 Assembly Resolution A33-1 (Sept 2001) High-level, Ministerial Conference (Feb 2002)Approval of ICAO USAP by Councilas part of AVSEC Plan of Action (June 2002)Launching of Mandatory Security Audits(November 2002)
19 Universal Security Audit Programme (USAP) 20 States audited in 200348 Audits planned in 2004All Contracting States by 2007 / 2008Follow-upDevelopment and Implementation of State Action PlansAnalysis of AVSEC Audit reports findings – Headquarters AVSEC Section & Regional OfficesAssistance in rectifying shortcomings and deficiencies – AVSEC Mechanism & TCB
20 Aviation Security Mechanism Specific Assistance and Training activitiesDevelopment of new Training PackagesDevelopment of new Guidance MaterialOrganization of AVSEC ExercisesRegional SeminarsPromotion of Regional pools of expertsReinforcement of the role of the ASTCs
21 ICAO AVSEC Training Packages (ASTPs) Existing ASTPs updated in 2003:BasicAirlineCargoCrisis ManagementInstructorsManagementSupervisorsNew ASTPs to be available in 2004:National Auditors – InspectorsHostage NegotiationCrisis Management Exercises.
22 ICAO Aviation Security Training Centres (ASTCs) ICAO AVSEC Courses planned in 2004Port of Spain, Trinidad and TobagoInstructors AprilManagement JulyNational Auditors Inspectors SeptemberCrisis Management NovemberMontreal, CanadaICAO Auditor JuneQuito, EcuadorManagement AprilCrisis Management MayCargo AugustNational Auditors-Inspectors OctoberHostage Negotiation December
23 CAR/SAM Regional Planning and Implementation Group (GREPECAS) GREPECAS CONCLUSION 11/13 AVIATION SECURITYThat States and Territories:a) commit towards full implementation of the multilateral conventions on aviation security and the ICAO Standards and Recommended Practices (SARPs) and Procedures for Air Navigation Services (PANS) as well as ICAO Assembly Resolutions and Council Decisions relating to aviation security;b) participate actively in implementation of the ICAO Aviation Security Plan of Action, including the training and audit processes and necessary follow-up; andc) commit to active support and cooperation in the GREPECAS Aviation Security Committee and other regional aviation security activities.
24 GREPECAS Aviation Security Committee (AVSEC/COMM) Terms of ReferenceTo foster regional cooperation among States, international organizations and industry in order to facilitate the successful implementation of ICAO Standards and Recommended Practices (SARPs) related to aviation security (AVSEC);to encourage the participation of States in the ICAO AVSEC Mechanism and Implementation Programmes to include their provision of voluntary funding and personnel when requested by ICAO;to actively support the approved ICAO AVSEC Plan of Action and other regional AVSEC initiatives; andto promulgate AVSEC awareness within the region through sponsorship of and participation in related training activities and seminars.1st Meeting held in Lima, Peru – August 20022nd Meeting held in Merida, Mexico - April 20033rd Meeting to be held in Santiago, Chile – March 2004
25 ICAO/Canada CAR/SAM Aviation Security Awareness Training Programme WHTI-GEASA and GREPECAS AVSEC/COMM initiative13 Sub-Regional Aviation Security Implementation Workshops2 CAR/SAM Regional Aviation Security Audit SeminarsFebruary 2004 – March 2005
26 New and Emerging Forms of Threat to Civil Aviation ICAO to continue its efforts to identify and analyze new and emerging threats to civil aviation with the purpose of assisting in the development of security measures and to actively collaborate with other associated agencies.