Presentation on theme: "''UNSCR 1540 Civil Society Forum - Opportunities for Engagement''"— Presentation transcript:
1 ''UNSCR 1540 Civil Society Forum - Opportunities for Engagement'' Maria Lorenzo SobradoTerrorism Prevention Branch, UNODCVienna, 8-10 January 2013
2 UNODC’s Role in Terrorism Prevention Strong General Assembly mandates to assist Member States adhere to the international legal framework against terrorism;Close cooperation with Security Council and other UN agencies;Active participation in CT international and regional Fora (GICNT, GCTF).
3 Strengthening the legal regime against terrorism Ratification and implementation of international CT conventions and implementation of UN Security Council resolutions;Harmonization of national laws with international obligations in the framework of the rule of law;Building national capacity to implement CT laws;Strengthening international cooperation;Building legal expertise in specialised areas (CBRN, Transportation security, Financing of Terrorism, Victims, Use of the Internet for Terrorist Purposes)Addressing complex legal issues arising from the links between terrorism and other crimes (illicit trafficking, money laundering, cyber crime, piracy etc).
4 Resolution 1540 (2004) Adopted under Chapter VII of the UN Charter Inter alia, all States must adopt and enforce legislation prohibiting non-state actors to manufacture, acquire, posses, develop, transport, transfer or use:nuclear, chemical and biological weapons (WMD)means of deliveryIn particular for terrorist purposes
5 International Legal Instruments against Terrorism United Nations ConventionsInstruments related to civil aviationMaritime agreementsIAEA Conventions
6 United Nations Conventions Convention on Prevention and Punishment of Crimes Against Internationally Protected PersonsInternational Convention Against the Taking of HostagesInternational Convention for the Suppression of Terrorist Bombings –International Convention for the Suppression of the Financing of TerrorismInternational Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism
7 Instruments related to civil aviation Convention on Offences and Certain other Acts Committed on Board AircraftConvention for the Suppression of the Unlawful Seizure of AircraftConvention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Civil AviationProtocol for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts of Violence at Airports Serving International Civil AviationConvention on the Marking of Plastic Explosives for the Purpose of DetectionConvention on the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Relating to International Civil Aviation 2010Protocol Supplementary to the Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Seizure of Aircraft 2010
8 Maritime agreementsConvention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Maritime Navigation+ Protocol of 2005 to the Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Maritime NavigationProtocol for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Satety of Fixed Platforms Located on the Continental Shelf+ Protocol of 2005 to the Protocol for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Fixed Platforms Located on the Continental Shelf
9 IAEA ConventionsConvention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material2005 Amendment to the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material
10 Common points to the Conventions Establish offencesRequire States to criminalize offencesEstablish the principle aut dedere aut judicare= “either extradite or prosecute”Provide for international cooperation mechanisms
11 Is the incrimination of terrorism necessary? The ConventionsDo not require the incrimination of the offence of “terrorism”Require the incrimination of certain offences independently of terrorist motivationThe terrorist motivation may be considered as an aggravatingcircumstance