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Presentation on theme: "BIO VOCAB CH 1."— Presentation transcript:


2 Anatomy: Study of the structures of organisms
Biochemistry: Study of chemical processes of the body Botony: Study of plants Cell Biology: Study of cell structures and functions

3 Ecology: Study of the environment
Evolutionary Biology: How organisms change over time. Genetics: Study of heredity (passing on genes or traits) Microbiology: Study of small life (microbes)

4 Physiology: Study of the functions of various structures of the body
Zoology: Study of animals Synthesis: To make or build Decomposition: To break down

5 Abiotic: Non-living part of an environment that can influence life. Ex
Abiotic: Non-living part of an environment that can influence life. Ex. Wind, air Biotic: Living things affecting others in an environment. Ex. Animals, Plants

6 Biology: Study of life “Life” is defined as having the following 8 characteristics
6. Reproduce. 7. Based on a universal code, DNA. 8. Respond to the environment 1. Made of cells. 2. Maintain homeostasis. 3. Obtains and uses energy. 4. Grow & Develop. 5. Evolves; as a group.

7 Homeostasis: Keeping an internal balance
Metabolism: Chemical processes used to grow, move and repair

8 SCIENTIFIC METHOD I. State the Problem
II. Gather Info & Form Hypothesis Hypothesis: Educated Guess III. Experiment: Control: (Constant) Part of the experiment that STAYS THE SAME Variable: Part of the experiment that changes

9 Independent Variable: Part YOU change Ex. You increase the temperature
Dependent Variable: Resulting change because of what you change Ex. The rate of evaporation increases due to higher temp IV. Data: Includes all graphs and diagrams Conclusion: Answer from original problem

10 Deductive Reasoning: Guess involving a suggestion that might be true based on facts and rules
Inductive Reasoning: Guess from looking at the facts and general rules

11 MICROSCOPE NOTES Eyepiece: Magnification is 10 X
High & Low power objectives: change magnification * High power sees more details but LESS area Course & Fine Adjustments: Focus

12 Diaphragm: Allows light in - this can be adjusted
TO FIND MAGNIFICATION: Multiply eye piece (10X) by the power objective you are using ( 4 or 10 or 40 X) Ex. Eyepiece is 10x with low objective (4x) 10 times 4 = 40 magnification

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