2 Anatomy: Study of the structures of organisms Biochemistry: Study of chemical processes of the bodyBotony: Study of plantsCell Biology: Study of cell structures and functions
3 Ecology: Study of the environment Evolutionary Biology: How organisms change over time.Genetics: Study of heredity (passing on genes or traits)Microbiology: Study of small life (microbes)
4 Physiology: Study of the functions of various structures of the body Zoology: Study of animalsSynthesis: To make or buildDecomposition: To break down
5 Abiotic: Non-living part of an environment that can influence life. Ex Abiotic: Non-living part of an environment that can influence life. Ex. Wind, airBiotic: Living things affecting others in an environment. Ex. Animals, Plants
6 Biology: Study of life “Life” is defined as having the following 8 characteristics 6. Reproduce.7. Based on a universal code, DNA.8. Respond to the environment1. Made of cells.2. Maintain homeostasis.3. Obtains and uses energy.4. Grow & Develop.5. Evolves; as a group.
7 Homeostasis: Keeping an internal balance Metabolism: Chemical processes used to grow, move and repair
8 SCIENTIFIC METHOD I. State the Problem II. Gather Info & Form HypothesisHypothesis: Educated GuessIII. Experiment:Control: (Constant) Part of the experiment that STAYS THE SAMEVariable: Part of the experiment that changes
9 Independent Variable: Part YOU change Ex. You increase the temperature Dependent Variable: Resulting change because of what you change Ex. The rate of evaporation increases due to higher tempIV. Data: Includes all graphs and diagramsConclusion: Answer from original problem
10 Deductive Reasoning: Guess involving a suggestion that might be true based on facts and rules Inductive Reasoning: Guess from looking at the facts and general rules
11 MICROSCOPE NOTES Eyepiece: Magnification is 10 X High & Low power objectives: change magnification* High power sees more details but LESS areaCourse & Fine Adjustments: Focus
12 Diaphragm: Allows light in - this can be adjusted TO FIND MAGNIFICATION:Multiply eye piece (10X) by the power objective you are using ( 4 or 10 or 40 X)Ex. Eyepiece is 10x with low objective (4x)10 times 4 = 40 magnification
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