Presentation on theme: "What is Biology? Biology is the study of life –More specifically: the scientific study of living organisms and their interactions with the environment."— Presentation transcript:
What is Biology? Biology is the study of life –More specifically: the scientific study of living organisms and their interactions with the environment
Why Should I Know About Biology? All living things on Earth are tied together by common traits and rely on one another for their common survival! Q: Trees and people are both living organisms. Which branches of biology would study BOTH trees and humans? A: Biochemistry, ecology, cell biology, genetics, evolutionary theory
What Kinds of Biology Are There? SOME of the branches of biology that scientists can specialize in: –Biochemistry: study of chemistry of life –Botany: study of plants –Ecology: study of how organisms interact with each other and their environment –Cell Biology: study of life on the cellular level –Genetics: study of heredity –Zoology: study of animals –Microbiology: study of microscopic organisms –Neurobiology: study of the brain
What Do Biologists Do? Health Care Biotechnology Environmental Science
Characteristics of Life Organism –anything that possesses all 7 characteristics of life 1. Cellular organization 2. Homeostasis 3. Metabolism 4. Responsiveness 5. Reproduction 6. Heredity 7. Growth and Development
Cellular Organization Cell –Smallest unit capable of all life functions –Highly organized –TINY –Surrounded by a membrane –Basic structure is the same for ALL living organisms Scientists estimate that there are 5-10 MILLION different species!!
Homeostasis Maintenance of stable internal conditions in spite of changes in the external environment –Species strive to survive at homeostasis –Involves external and internal stimuli –Without this ability to adjust organisms would not survive
Metabolism Sum of all chemical reactions carried out within a living organism –Energy is the ability to do work –Almost all energy initially comes from the SUN –Allows organisms to grow, reproduce, and maintain homeostasis!
Response to Environment All organisms must respond to their external environment –Stimulus condition in the environment that requires and organism to adjust –Response reaction to stimulus How the organism responds is imperative to the survival of the species and ultimately the environment
Reproduction Production of offspring –NOT essential to the individual organism, but IS necessary for the survival of the species!
Heredity When traits are passed on to offspring. –Why kids tend to look like their parents –Inherited characteristics can change over generations. This process is known as evolution
Growth and Development Growth –results in an increase in the amount of living material and formation of new structures –Different parts grow at different time Development –changes that take place during the life of an organisms –What changes have happened in you in the last year?