Presentation on theme: "Christianity. FactFaith Rome and Religion Must worship Emperors as Gods except Jews. Passive worship to Gods to show loyalty to Emperor. Life of Jesus."— Presentation transcript:
FactFaith Rome and Religion Must worship Emperors as Gods except Jews. Passive worship to Gods to show loyalty to Emperor. Life of Jesus Born 7 to 3 B.C. in Bethlehem Divine birth
FactFaith Born, lived, and died a Jew Parents Joseph and Mary Prophet and Teacher at 30 Taught love, forgiveness of enemies and the Golden Rule Attacked Jewish religious laws Appealed to the poor and downtrodden NEVER WROTE A BOOK PROMISED: Eternal Life TAUGHT: Forgiveness Christ as the key to salvation, and Eternal life in the Kingdom of God Christ as the only true Judge of man To live life as Jesus did
FactFaith Death of Jesus Jesus teachings of the Kingdom of God and status of Messiah threatened both Jewish leaders and Roman Officials. Roman Officials feared possible revolt. Jesus found guilty of blasphemy Sentenced to death by Pontius Pilate Crucified on Good Friday of the year A.D. 30 Believed to be the Messiah (Anointed One or Christos in Greek) The Savior chosen by God (Jewish prophets foretold of a Messiah in the form of an Earthly King from Bethlehem. They believed this Messiah would rid them of the Roman occupation) Followers believe that he was resurrected three days later
FactFaith Creation of Christianity Jesus life told in the Gospels (Greek for Good News) Probably written down about 70 A.D. (The Gospels, 1st four books of the Bible: Mathew, Mark, Luke, and John) Followers believe Jesus spoke to them. Followers like Paul (Saul) spread Christianity Popular with Hellenic cultures Christian Bible Old Testament Hebrew Bible Ethics and Laws New Testament Gospel (Life of Jesus) Epistles (Letters) It is said Peter was fleeing Rome when he saw a vision of Christ going to Rome to be crucified again.
FactFaith Religion really starts to grow when Paul declares Christianity open to all people, not just Jews Spread by Pax Romana Peter was told by Jesus to be The Rock of the church Peter became the 1st Bishop of Rome
FactFaith Nero persecutes the Christians, blames burning of Rome on them Paul beheaded Peter returned to Rome, asked to be crucified upside down. Buried on Vatican Hill, site of Saint Peters Church. Christianity dominates European Life from 300s to1800s Historically, most influential religion Basis for many denominations of Christian religions First offshoot of Judaism
FactFaith Nero strengthened Christianity-made Martyrs of Peter and Paul Petrine Doctrine Established the Bishop of Rome as was Peter, as the Father of the Christian Church, or Pope.