3 The Life and Teachings of Jesus A. Jesus of Nazareth1. born around 6 – 4 B.C. in Judea2. began public ministry at age 30a. Jewish tradition; Ten CommandmentsB. A Growing Movement1. Gospelsa. first 4 books of New Testamentb. some written by disciples, known as apostlesC. Jesus’ Death1. visited Jerusalem, greeted as the Messiaha. Jewish chief priests denied Jesusb. said teachings were blasphemy2. Pontius Pilate – Roman governora. accused Jesus of defying Roman authorityb. sentenced Him to crucifixion3. rose from the dead, into heaven
6 Christianity Spreads Through the Empire A. Paul’s Mission1. Jew; never met Jesus; had a vision2. Pax Romana made travel & exchange of ideas safe, providing ideal conditions for Christianity to spreada. common languages (Latin & Greek)3. wrote letters called Epistlesa. Jesus was son of Godb. welcomed Jews and Gentiles (non-Jews)c. universality enabled Christianity to become more than local religion
7 B. Jewish Rebellion 1. A.D. 70 – Romans burned Temple complex a. Western portion left; shrine today2. Diaspora: dispersal of the Jewsa. Jews driven from homeland for +1,800 yearsC. Persecution of the Christians1. punished for refusal to worship Roman gods
8 III. A World ReligionA. Reasons for widespread appeal of Christianity:1. Embraced all people – men/women, slaves, poor, nobles2. gave hope to powerless3. appealed to those who were repelled by extravagances of imperial Rome4. offered a personal relationship with a loving God5. promised eternal life after death
9 B. Constantine Accepts Christianity 1. emperor battling for leadership of Rome2. prayed for divine help; saw image of cross3. won battle4. A.D. 313, persecution of Christians endeda. Edict of Milan1. religion approved by emperorC. Early Christian Church – copy chart in notesPopeBishops Bishops Bishopspriests priests priests priests priestspeople
10 1. New Testament added to Hebrew Bible (Old Testament) D. A Single Voice1. New Testament added to Hebrew Bible (Old Testament)PaulPeter
11 Daily Essential Questions To what does the to term Pax Romana refer? How were Jesus’ teachings at odds with Roman values and religious ideas?Why was Paul significant to the spread of Christianity?