2 The Life and Teaching of Jesus Romans Conquer JudeaRome conquers Judea in A.D. 6Jews believe a Messiah, or savior, will free them.
3 The Life and Teaching of Jesus Jesus of NazarethJesus born in Bethlehem 6 to 4 B.C.Raised in Nazareth in the province of Galilee.Carpenter until 30, then begins preaching.Mosaic of Jesus at Church of San Apollinare Nuovo in Ravenna, Italy.
4 The Life and Teaching of Jesus Jesus of Nazareth (continued)Jesus performs miracles. (Matt, Mark, Luke, John)Personal relationship with God,Love for friends and enemies.
5 The Life and Teaching of Jesus A Growing MovementApostles: Twelve men who are close disciples of Jesus.Jesus ignores wealth and statusmessage appeals to the poor.Sermon on the Mount by Danish painter Carl Heinrich Bloch, 1890.
6 The Life and Teaching of Jesus Jesus DeathRoman governor Pontius Pilate sentences Jesus to be crucified.Apostles believe Jesus resurrected from the dead.Jesus comes to be called “Christos,” the Greek word for “savior”.Followers spread Christianity—new religion based on the teachings of Jesus.
7 Christianity Spreads Through the Empire Paul’s Missionnamed Saul, a Jewish Pharisee.Persecutes Christians, but Jesus appears to him calling him to be an Apostle.Paul stresses Jesus is the Son of God who died for people’s sins.Paul is the author of 12 epistles or letters to the churches in the New TestamentSaint Paul, by El Greco, circa
8 Christianity Spreads Through the Empire .Romans1 and 2 CorinthiansGalatiansEphesiansPhilippiansColossians1 and 2 ThessaloniansThe Pastoral Epistles to Timothy and TitusPhilemon
9 Christianity Spreads Through the Empire Persecution of the Christians and Jewsconsidered enemies of the State - crucified, burned, and killedJews rebel against Rome - Romans destroy the Temple in 70 A.D.Jews and Christians are barred from Jerusalem - ‘Diaspora’—centuries of Jewish exile.
11 A World Religion Christianity’s Expansion Christianity becomes a powerful force and appeals to people because of these reasons:embraces all peoplegives hope to the powerlessappeals to those repelled by excess of Roman lifeoffers a personal relationship with Godpromises eternal life after death
12 A World Religion Constantine Accepts Christianity Constantine - battles for Rome in A.D. 312.He has a vision - the Christian symbol -they win the war- so he legalizes Christianity.In A.D. 380 the Emperor Theodosius makes Christianity the religion of the empire.
13 A World Religion Early Christian Church Priests direct a single church (parish).Bishops supervise numerous churches (diocese)Peter is the first bishop of Rome.Pope - father or head of Church.Rome becomes the center of the Church.
14 A World Religion A Single Voice The Fathers of the Church standard Christian beliefs are compiledThe New Testament is addedThe Fathers of the ChurchAugustine, bishop in North Africareceiving the sacraments to obtain God’s gracefamous book, The City of God.
15 Role in the Rise and Spread of Christianity – pages 168 to 172 Person(s)Role in the Rise and Spread of Christianity – pages 168 to 1721. Jesus of Nazareth2. apostles3. Paul4. Pontius Pilate5. Constantine6. Peter7. Augustine
16 Acts 11:26“and when he had found him, he brought him to Antioch. For a whole year they met with the church and taught a great many people. And in Antioch the disciples were first called Christians.” (ESV)