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People and Ideas on the Move, 3500 B.C. – 259 B.C. QUIT Chapter Overview Time Line Visual Summary SECTION Indo-European Migrations 1 SECTION Roots of Hinduism.

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Presentation on theme: "People and Ideas on the Move, 3500 B.C. – 259 B.C. QUIT Chapter Overview Time Line Visual Summary SECTION Indo-European Migrations 1 SECTION Roots of Hinduism."— Presentation transcript:

1 People and Ideas on the Move, 3500 B.C. – 259 B.C. QUIT Chapter Overview Time Line Visual Summary SECTION Indo-European Migrations 1 SECTION Roots of Hinduism and Buddhism 2 SECTION Seafaring Traders Extend Boundaries 3 SECTION The Origins of Judaism 4 3 CHAPTER MAP GRAPH

2 HOME Chapter Overview Migrations and trade networks carry new ideas, languages, and cultures throughout the Mediterranean and as far east as South Asia. Three major world religions, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Judaism, emerge during this period. People and Ideas on the Move, 3500 B.C. – 259 B.C. 3 CHAPTER

3 2000 B.C. Hittites migrate to Anatolia B.C. Aryans invade India B.C. Phoenicians begin to dominate Mediterranean trade. 814 B.C. Carthage founded as a Phoenician trade center. People and Ideas on the Move, 3500 B.C. – 259 B.C. 3 CHAPTER Time Line 3500 B.C. 259 B.C. HOME

4 Migrations of Indo-Europeans into parts of Europe and South Asia introduce new ideas and languages and result in a blend of new and old cultures. Overview Assessment Key Idea Indo-European Migrations 1 HOME

5 MAIN IDEA WHY IT MATTERS NOW Indo-European peoples migrated into Europe, India, and Southwest Asia and interacted with peoples living there. Half the people living today speak languages that stem from the original Indo-European languages. Overview Indo-European Migrations 1 Assessment Indo-Europeans steppes migration Hittites Anatolia Aryans Vedas Brahmin caste Mahabharata TERMS & NAMES HOME

6 Indo-European 1. List the names of some modern languages that stem from Indo-European roots. Indo-European Migrations 1 Section 1 Assessment continued... HOME English French Greek Spanish SwedishHindi RussianPersian

7 2. What important contributions did the Aryan invaders make to the culture and way of life in India? THINK ABOUT Section Indo-European Migrations 1 1 Assessment roles in society religion literature ANSWER continued... Roles in society: Aryan caste system ruled India for over 3,000 years. Religion: Aryan deities of the Vedas entered the Hindu religion. Literature: The Vedas, Upanishads, and Mahabharata are great literary works with Aryan subjects or themes. Possible Responses: HOME

8 3. For what environmental reasons might the Indo- Europeans have migrated? THINK ABOUT Section Indo-European Migrations 1 1 Assessment ANSWER End of Section 1 Weather: Grazing lands may have dried up. Occupational needs: Their population may have grown too large to feed. Health: They may have been escaping from diseases or invaders. Possible Responses: HOME weather occupational needs health

9 Hinduism has no one founder but promotes a unified world view and a rigid caste system. Buddhisms founder, Siddhartha Gautama, preaches the way of moderation and rejects the Aryan caste system. Overview Assessment Key Idea Roots of Hinduism and Buddhism 2 HOME MAP

10 Roots of Hinduism and Buddhism 2 The religious beliefs of the Vedic Age eventually developed into Hinduism and Buddhism. Almost one-fifth of the worlds people today practice one of these two religions. Overview Assessment reincarnation karma Jainism Siddhartha Gautama enlightenment nirvana MAIN IDEA WHY IT MATTERS NOW TERMS & NAMES HOME MAP

11 Roots of Hinduism and Buddhism 2 1. Look at the graphic to help organize your thoughts. Compare Hindu and Buddhist beliefs and practices. Section 2 Assessment continued... HOME Both Reincarnation Cyclical view of history Belief in a state of enlightenment (Hindu moksha, Buddhist nirvana) Caste system Animal sacrifice The Middle Way (Eightfold Path) Four Noble Truths Hinduism only Buddhism only MAP

12 Roots of Hinduism and Buddhism 2 2. How might the belief in reincarnation provide a form of social control? THINK ABOUT Section 2 Assessment karma the belief in the interrelatedness of all life caste ANSWER Karma: Karma motivates people to obey societys laws. Belief in the interrelatedness of all life: People would be reluctant to harm any life form. Caste: Those born into a lower caste might work hard to achieve a higher caste in their next life. HOME Possible Responses: MAP End of Section 2

13 Ancient sea traders spread goods, culture, and innovative ideas in the Mediterranean and beyond. The Phoenicians are not only a great seafaring people but give the world the first written alphabet Overview Assessment Key Idea Seafaring Traders Extend Boundaries 3 HOME

14 Trading societies extended the development of civilizations beyond the Fertile Crescent region. Traders spread knowledge of reading and writing, including an ancient form of the alphabet that we use today. Overview Assessment Minoans Aegean Sea Knossos King Minos Phoenicians Seafaring Traders Extend Boundaries 3 MAIN IDEA WHY IT MATTERS NOW TERMS & NAMES HOME

15 Seafaring Traders Extend Boundaries 3 1. Below is a list of accomplishments. Identify feats that were Minoan and those that were Phoenician. Section 3 Assessment continued... HOME MinoanPhoenician dominated trade (2000–1400 B.C. ) set up numerous city-states developed an alphabet produced a famous purple dye jumped over bulls for fun produced fine painted pottery dominated trade (2000–1400 B.C. ) jumped over bulls for fun produced fine painted pottery set up numerous city-states developed an alphabet produced a famous purple dye

16 Seafaring Traders Extend Boundaries 3 Section 3 Assessment ANSWER What some may believe, though I do not. Herodotus was a historian. He did not want to tarnish his reputation by reporting something unlikely. There was no evidence of a second trip, so Herodotus was rightly skeptical. Possible Responses: 2. In Herodotuss account of how the Phoenicians sailed around Africa, what words show Herodotuss doubt? Why do you think he expresses doubts? THINK ABOUT the sources that reported the feat Herodotus as a historian the Phoenicians seafaring skills continued... HOME the fact that the trip was not repeated for 2000 years

17 3. The Phoenicians founded wealthy city-states around the Mediterranean. These city-states often competed with one another. Do you think it would have made more sense for the city-states to cooperate or did competition make them stronger? THINK ABOUT Section Seafaring Traders Extend Boundaries 3 3 Assessment ANSWER End of Section 3 Cooperation: Had Phoenicians united, they could have pooled their resources and been an even stronger and more profitable trading power. Competition: This keeps traders on their toes, so Phoenicians in all cities would have been better merchants. HOME advantages of a unified country benefits of competition advantages of independence Possible Responses:

18 The religion of the ancient Hebrews is the worlds first major monotheistic religion. The Hebrews establish covenants with God, who is over all people. Their ethical and moral systems, as set forth in the Torah and Ten Commandments, become a foundation for Christianity and Islam. Overview Assessment Key Idea The Origins of Judaism 4 HOME GRAPH

19 The Hebrews maintained monotheistic religious beliefs that were unique in the ancient world. From this tradition, Judaism, the religion of the Jews, evolved. Judaism is one of the worlds major religions. Overview Assessment Palestine Canaan Torah Abraham monotheism covenant Moses Israel Judah tribute The Origins of Judaism 4 MAIN IDEA WHY IT MATTERS NOW TERMS & NAMES HOME GRAPH

20 1. Look at the graphic to help organize your thoughts. List the major Hebrew leaders discussed in this section. Then give one piece of information about each. 4 continued... Section 4 Assessment HOME GRAPH Abraham: Father of Jewish people Deborah: A prominent judge Moses: Led Hebrews out of slavery Saul, David, Solomon: Kings under whom Hebrews united 2000 B.C B.C B.C B.C. The Origins of Judaism

21 Section 4 Assessment ANSWER 2. What were the main problems faced by the Hebrews between 2000 B.C. and 700 B.C. ? THINK ABOUT the quest for a homeland other peoples hardships 4 problems among Hebrews constantly moving from place to place being forced into slavery in Egypt fighting with neighbors over land worshiping other gods performing forced labor paying high taxes dividing the Hebrew kingdom in two Possible Responses: HOME GRAPH The Origins of Judaism End of Section 4


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