Belief Systems (B-FLASH) B – Beliefs of belief system F – Founder or who started the religion L – Location (Where in the world is it?) A – Afterlife (life after death) S – Sacred Text (books for religious moral living) H – How it Spread (Where? How and by Who)
Nature Based Religions Animism : Belief that all things in nature have a spirit and is located in Africa, Asia and Latin America. Shinto : Also believe that all things in nature have a spirit, but include ancestor and emperor worship. (________)
Hinduism p.54 Beliefs : Universal Spirit – Belief in Brahman (God) Reincarnation – Belief that people are… ________________________________ Karma – Consists of a person’s _____ that affect their existence in the next life. Evil deeds will… ______________________ Castes System – Puts people in social classes of which they cannot move within their lifetime
Founder – Unknown Founder – Unknown Location - ________ Location - ________ Afterlife – Become one with the Brahman after being reincarnated several times. Afterlife – Become one with the Brahman after being reincarnated several times. Sacred Text – Vedas Sacred Text – Vedas How it Spread – Moved along ____ Road, but primarily stayed in India. How it Spread – Moved along ____ Road, but primarily stayed in India.
Buddhism p.55-56 Beliefs: Four Noble Truths: –Life is Suffering –Suffering is caused by ________ –The way to eliminate suffering is to eliminate desire –Following the Eightfold Path will help people overcome desire.
Beliefs shared with Hinduism: Reincarnation ________ Founder: The Buddha (A prince from India named Siddhartha Gautama) left his wealthy home Location: India and South East Asia Afterlife: Nirvana – an end to the cycle of rebirth (reincarnation) where one becomes one with the universe. Sacred Text: The Buddha’s teachings were written down in the Tripitaka or “Three Baskets of Wisdom”
How Buddhism Spread p.60 Over time Buddhism was spread by missionaries: (people dedicated to spreading religion) and traders to many parts of Asia: China, Korea and ______. It eventually declined where it started in _________.
Judaism p.57 Beliefs People who practice Judaism are called ______ Judaism is a __________ religion in which they believe in one god. The Hebrew god is seen as all powerful and all knowing. The ______ Commandments: Laws on how people should behave towards god and each other.
Founder : Leaders: Abraham and later ________ who led the Hebrews out of Egypt and founded the Kingdom of Israel. Location : Israel (Judea) Afterlife : Kingdom of Heaven Sacred Text : Torah (Old Testament of the Bible) How it Spread : The ________ expelled the Jews from Israel (Judea) in 135 A.D. This became known as the Diaspora, or scattering of people.
Christianity p.58-59 Beliefs : Rooted in Jewish tradition and accepted 10 Commandments. Jesus had a mission to bring salvation and _______ life to all. Jesus taught mercy and sympathy for the _______ and helpless. He also taught that all people were ______ before god. Christians believe that Jesus is the son of God and died on the cross for the sins of man. (__________)
Founder : Jesus of Nazerath Location : Israel (now Worldwide) Afterlife : Kingdom of Heaven Sacred Text : Bible – Guide for moral living How it Spread : By ____________ on the Roman roads and became the official religion of the Roman Empire. Later it spread to America by the voyages of __________ ___________.
Islam Beliefs: Followers of Islam are called _________ and all accept five basic duties known as the Five Pillars. 1.Belief in one god (_______) 2.Pray __ times a day 3.Give money to the poor 4.Fast during the holy month of __________ 5.Muslims are suppose to visit the holy city of _________ once in their life time.
Founder: Muhammad is Islam’s greatest prophet (teacher) Location: Middle East, _________, Indonesia, North and West Africa (World wide) Sacred Text: __________, which is a guide for Muslim life. How it Spread: Muhammad was a merchant (trader) and Islam spread through trade and military conquest.
Project Create a educational brochure on a specific religion in which you use the acronym B-FLASH.
Map Exercise Create a map showing the locations of the worlds major religions. –Use color to show where the different religions are located –Create a key to show each religion as a different color. –For countries or regions that have multiple religions create a pattern that incorporates the multiple colors of each religion.