Presentation on theme: "Population Policy – Progress Since Cairo A lesson plan from Making Population Real by the Population Reference Bureau Supported by the World Population."— Presentation transcript:
Population Policy – Progress Since Cairo A lesson plan from Making Population Real by the Population Reference Bureau Supported by the World Population Fund of the Minneapolis Foundation
Todays Agenda 1. Introduce objectives and teaching standards 2. Review 1994 Cairo - International Conf. on Population and Development 3. Discuss women and development 4. Assess the effectiveness of a indexing in population studies 5. Introduce Making Population Real and PRB
Making Population Real – Lesson Plan 5: Population Policy Issues International population policy Impacting development and population growth Gender and development Population Concepts Relation between population and development policy Womens empowerment Tools Gender analysis Human Development Index (i.e. a composite of data) Data tables
Objectives To survey the evolution of population policies To assess the presence of gender-bias in development statistics To evaluate the nexus of women, development, and population policy
Teaching Standards AP Geography Standard Addressed, Unit II– Population Unit: B. Population growth and decline over time and space 5. Effects of population policies AP and the Advanced Placement Program are registered trademarks of the College Entrance Examination Board which was not involved in the production of these lesson plans.
1994 Cairo Conference Official name: International Conference on Population and Development Turned away from population control, the focus of earlier conferences A new focus on social development, especially advancement of women, for slowing population growth Far larger and more inclusive, as Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) participated substantially
How Much Difference Does Lower Fertility Rates Make?
Social Development Why does it make sense to think of women as a separate group when considering population and development policy?
Empowerment of Women Access to & control over private assets & resources Access to public resources Control over their labor & income Control over their bodies Control over physical mobility Access to & control over political spaces Access to & control over intangible resources: information, influence, etc. Position in law & access to legal structures & redress. Womens Rights and Status: Questions of Analysis and Measurement, Anita Gurumurthy (May 1998)
A composite measure of: Income: Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita Education: adult literacy + school enrollment ratio Well-being: life expectancy at birth
Planning for All People? Human Development Index - composite of aggregate data Aggregate data: Represents all people in a population Can disguise disparities in social conditions Example: Adult literacy in Turkey (2002) Aggregate: 85 percent Males: 94 percent Females: 78 percent What might you miss if you use aggregate data?
Gender Assessment How effective are indexes such as the Human Development Index? Assignment: Chart and consider data on African nations with regard to bias Handouts: Evaluating the Status of Women and Children in Africa; One per group The Data Collection Sheets; Four copies per group Human Development Report Data Table; One or two per group
Discussion How do these African countries compare with all developing countries? How do these new indices compare to each other and the HDI? What are the benefits of an index? What are some weaknesses?
Making Population Real - Module 5: Population Policy Activities: 1. The Cairo Conference–Population Policy and Development: Discuss issues from 1994 Cairo Conference (i.e. Population and development are related). 2. Development Policy–Planning for All People? Chart indicators of economic well-being Compare aggregate data to data broken down by gender & age
Making Population Real Lesson Plans Population Fundamentals – Building a Foundation Populations in the Path of Natural Hazards The Demographic Transition – A Contemporary Look at a Classic Model HIV/AIDS and Contemporary Population Dynamics Population Policy – Progress Since Cairo People on the Move Global Migration Patterns
About Making Population Real Free, on-line curricula utilize up-to-date real- world data and articles from a variety of web- based resources: United Nations (UNICEF, UNHCR, WHO, etc.) U.S. Census Bureau National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration PRB research and publications Lead author Martha B. Sharma, a teacher Recipient of the 2006 Geographic Excellence in Media Award from National Council for Geographic Education www.prb.org/educators
Population Reference Bureau Informs people around the world about population, health, and the environment, and empowers them to use that information to advance the well-being of current and future generations. Analyzes demographic data and research to provide objective, accurate, and up-to-date population information in a format that is easily understood by educators, journalists, and decision makers alike.