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KI 3: Where does level of development vary by gender? CH. 9— DEVELOPMENT.

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Presentation on theme: "KI 3: Where does level of development vary by gender? CH. 9— DEVELOPMENT."— Presentation transcript:

1 KI 3: Where does level of development vary by gender? CH. 9— DEVELOPMENT

2 Read pg. 284— “Regional Variations Within Countries”

3 Gender-Related Development Index (GDI) Compares the level of women’s development with both sexes Measurements of overall development can mask gender inequalities within a country The UN has not found a single country in the world where women are treated as well as men

4 GDI: Combines same factors as HDI and adjusts them to reflect differences between men and women Economic: per capita female income as a percentage of per capita male income Social: compare number of females vs. males enrolled in school, and compares literacy Demographic: compares life expectancy Complete gender equality would be 1.0 on GDI

5 Gender Empowerment Measurement (GEM) Compares the ability of men and women to participate in economic and political decision making In every country, fewer women hold positions of economic and political power Economic Indicators: Per capita female income and % of professional and technical jobs held by women Political Indicators: % of administrative jobs held by women and % of members of national parliament

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12 Today: The GDI and GEM were invented by UN in 1995—very controversial because measuring incomes is very difficult and because countries with low total incomes could not score high on either In 2010 the UN introduced the Gender Inequality Index Uses 3 indicators- reproductive health (Maternal mortality rate and adolescent fertility rate), empowerment (share of parliamentary seats and higher education attainment), and labor market participation (# of women in workforce)


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