Presentation on theme: "KI 3: Where does level of development vary by gender?"— Presentation transcript:
1KI 3: Where does level of development vary by gender? Ch. 9— DevelopmentKI 3: Where does level of development vary by gender?
2Read pg. 284— “Regional Variations Within Countries”
3Gender-Related Development Index (GDI) Compares the level of women’s development with both sexesMeasurements of overall development can mask gender inequalities within a countryThe UN has not found a single country in the world where women are treated as well as men
4GDI:Combines same factors as HDI and adjusts them to reflect differences between men and womenEconomic: per capita female income as a percentage of per capita male incomeSocial: compare number of females vs. males enrolled in school, and compares literacyDemographic: compares life expectancyComplete gender equality would be 1.0 on GDI
5Gender Empowerment Measurement (GEM) Compares the ability of men and women to participate in economic and political decision makingIn every country, fewer women hold positions of economic and political powerEconomic Indicators: Per capita female income and % of professional and technical jobs held by womenPolitical Indicators: % of administrative jobs held by women and % of members of national parliament
12Today:The GDI and GEM were invented by UN in 1995—very controversial because measuring incomes is very difficult and because countries with low total incomes could not score high on eitherIn 2010 the UN introduced the Gender Inequality IndexUses 3 indicators- reproductive health (Maternal mortality rate and adolescent fertility rate), empowerment (share of parliamentary seats and higher education attainment), and labor market participation (# of women in workforce)