Presentation on theme: "Oleg Smirnov, Iryna Brunova-Kalisetska Ukraine Integration and Development Center for Information and Research Second International Summit on Conflict."— Presentation transcript:
Oleg Smirnov, Iryna Brunova-Kalisetska Ukraine Integration and Development Center for Information and Research Second International Summit on Conflict Resolution Education (Cleveland, Ohio, USA) The Role of NGOs in Education Reform: Effective Conflict Prevention and Tolerance Building
Autonomous Republic of Crimea: Context/Challenges uneasy process of adaptation of mainly Russian-speaking population of Crimea to new Ukrainian reality the return of a big amount of the former deportees (Crimean Tatars, Armenians, Bulgarians, Germans, Greeks) during a short period of time – about 300 thousand the incapability of the state to meet the deportees economical, social and cultural needs to the full extend - a factor of tension in the region the necessity for development of education, culture, civic activities of the deportees as elements of social equality and prevention of the feeling of being discriminated in the social-cultural area raise of Muslim population during last 15 years up to 13 % - raise of islamophobia (society doesnt have an experience of joint coexistence) high level of migration and lack of experience of joint co-existence in poly-ethnic and poly-confessional environment lack of joint vision and manipulation in ethnic area by political elites, struggle for resources
The Most Numerous Ethnic Groups in Crimea (according to the national census) 18971921193919892001 The whole population546592719531112642924559002024056 Russians45,3%51,5%49,6%68,7%58,3% Ukrainians--13,7%29,3%24,3% Byelorussians--6,0%2,1%1,4% Tatars---0,05%0,5% Crimean Tatars34,1%25,7%19,4%1,8%12,0% Germans5,8%5,9%4,6%0,1% Jews5,3%7,0%5,8%0,8%0,2% Greeks3,1%3,3%1,8%0,1% Armenians1,5%1,6%1,1%0,4% Bulgarians1,1%1,7%1,4%0,1% Karaites1,0%0,7%0,4%0,04%0,03% Deported groups are marked with bold type
Crimean NGOs strategic approach (1997-2002) Creating a climate of socially and culturally "equal opportunities. Taking into account state and regional factors. Contributing to the maintenance of the peace, mutual understanding, and democratic principles of societal development in Ukraine. Involving the general public in the development of the strategy and management of initiatives. Stimulating by donor organizations numerous local initiatives, resolving common global problems by way of local transformation.
Education for repatriates (minorities) 1997-2002 Development and publication of textbooks and teaching manuals for secondary schools, Sunday schools and higher educational institutions (88 publications) Technical and informational support of educational institutions (schools with the Crimean Tatar language of instruction, Sunday schools of other ethnic groups) Teacher training and retraining Promoting dissemination of the native language in every-day life (Home Library books, bilingual magazines, etc.) (25 publications) Development of non-traditional childrens educational-leisure centers and schools at home
Main areas of NGOs activities (1997-2002) rebirth of primary and secondary education for repatriates popularization of ethnic cultures as a means to set up dialogue between them development of education on native languages promotion of the multicultural education in Crimea
CR IN UKRAINE (1997-2005) Odessa mediation group – one of the leading organizations in Ukraine (jointly realizes projects with Tavrida Mediation group, Integration and Development Center, Search for Common Ground (Crimean office) and other) Activities: Trainings for trainers in CR, PM and mediation CR and PM as parts of the facultative course on Civic Education for higher grades of Ukrainian schools 3 –hour course on CR and SM in oblast teacher training institutes for school psychologists and other Experiment in Odessa and Nikolaev oblast schools on PM Implementation of restorative justice and reconciliation programs Courses on CR and PM in police schools
CHANGES IN ACTIVITIES OF NGOs (2003) Shift from education for ethnic minorities to multicultural initiatives Need for a systemic approach Joint activities of NGOs, teachers, scholars, public State involvement
Stimulation of the state policy transformation: ways of NGOs influence Involvement of representatives of the local authorities (Ministry of Education) from the early stages of any initiative (contacts, letters, round tables, personal participation). Activities should be based on the results of monitoring, research, analysis of a situation. Coalition building (the more NGOs involved the more any initiative is trusted). Raising broader public awareness. Special training courses for representatives of authorities. NGOs demonstrate readiness to be responsible. NGOs demonstrate that they can attract additional money from different sources.
Integrated Course Culture of Neighborhood (35 hours per year in primary, secondary and high school (1-12) Main purpose: Forming of socially competent, critically thinking and tolerant citizens of Crimea and Ukraine
State Support Approval of the courses program for schools in a complete set (27.12.2006, Board of Ministry of Education and Science of AR Crimea) Approval of the courses program for the students of republic colleges and universities (25.04.2006, Board of MES of AR Crimea) Approval of the courses program of the subject commissions of Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine (course is recommended for the usage in the institutions of general education throughout the Ukraine (the Letter of Institute of Innovation Technologies and Content of Education MES of Ukraine 1.4/18- 1306 from 12.06.2007) Insertion of the article #134 «Elaborate and prepare for publication textbooks on course «Culture of Neighborhood» (was not financed) into the Program of Economical and Social Development of AR Crimea 2007 (the Decree of the Parliament of AR Crimea #386-5/07 from 22 of March 2007)
Project 2007 – 2008 Systemic Approach Civic Education: Trainings for Trainers for 64 teachers aimed at the training work with the representatives of local communities (parents, school staff etc.) Certification on a Mediation and Facilitation for 25 students of Crimean colleges and universities (Student Center of Intercultural Education) for work in a student communities Broadening of the activity directions of the Informational Methodological Center for Multicultural Education and Tolerance
Project 2007 – 2008 Systemic Approach Sharing of experience: International Conference Culture of peace and tolerance promotion in poly-ethnic society (18-20 October 2007, Simferopol, AR Crimea) Web-site (www.ciet.org.ua): three languages, audio and video, international experience, news page etc.www.ciet.org.ua
Project 2007 – 2008 Systemic Approach Level of Authorities: Project Toward a peaceful and tolerant society in Ukraine. Interethnic relations in AR Crimea: enlightenment and education (joint project: Ukrainian Center of Independent Political Research (Kiev) and Center Integration and Development(Crimea)) under support of the Higher Commissioner on National Minorities OSCE The set of seminar-trainings Management of interethnic relations in polyethnic society: the problems of tolerance and partnership of authorities and communities".
Authorities and Communities: Figures 14 educational seminar-trainings were conducted; Total amount of participants: 350 village heads, community leaders, representative of a local executive power. Among participants: officials of Simferopol, Djankoy, Kerch town councils, the heads of the villages from 14 regions of AR Crimea, staff-members of executive committees of local government.
Authorities and Communities: Content During the seminar-trainings were familiarized with: Basic concepts of ethnic policy (national minorities, indigenous people, citizenship, Ukrainian people, discrimination, positive discrimination etc.) in Ukrainian legislation, international documents that were ratified by Ukraine. Concepts of stereotype, ethnic stereotype, their role and functions, the ways of their translations and origins. Information that concerns main laws of Ukraine in the sphere of ethnic policy. Theoretical and practical information about the opportunities for advancement of effectiveness in a field of policy implementation by the way of involving of target groups into policy forming and realization. Main ways, methods and mechanisms of the work with the community were delivered.
Issues of communication and interaction between authority agencies and communities: Methods of participative democracy Authorities and Communities: Recommendations of working groups International experience of multiculturalism policy realization: Positive and negative aspects for Ukraine Means of intensive support: Ukrainian and international experience Development of a tolerance in society and conflict prevention Conflict prevention and settlement: theoretical and practical aspects Educational policy in Ukraine and the questions of tolerance widening Management of interethnic relations in poly-ethnic society: tolerance and partnership between authorities and communities
Resolution of legal and political issues, Improvement of a legal basis Means of an employment policy optimization Means of national minorities involvement into the process of decision making Solution of economical and social issues, improvement of a legal basis Means of optimization of policy in the land relations sphere Realization of positive action policy concerning to national minorities and ethnic groups Authorities and Communities: recommendations
Recommendations for local administration institutions in the field of conflict prevention and settlement Recommendations for mass-media in the field of conflict prevention and settlement Recommendations for police (militia) in the field of conflict prevention and settlement Recommendations for the Parliament of AR Crimea in the field of conflict prevention and settlement Recommendations for political parties and NGOs, in the field of conflict prevention and settlement Promotion of conflict prevention and settlement Authorities and Communities: recommendations
Civic Activity in the Realization of the Principles of Tolerant Up-bringing New policy concerning to the staff training Improvement of a legal basis In the field of multicultural education Formation of the educational institutions network that implement multicultural practices Improvement of educational curricula and textbooks Educational Policy in Ukraine and the Widening of a Tolerance Authorities and Communities: recommendations
Our partners in Ukraine Ministry of Education and Science of AR Crimea Institute of the Innovative Technologies and Content of Education of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine (Crimean branch) A.E. Krymsky Oriental Studies Institute of the National Ukrainian Science Academy (Crimean branch) Tavrida National Vernadskiy University Crimean Repunlican Institute of the Postgraduate Pedagogic Education Educational institutions of AR Crimea International Renaissance Foundation Crimean Ethnographical Museum Crimean ethnic and cultural associations Odessa Mediation Group Ukrainian Center for Common Ground (Crimean branch) Our Foreign Partners International Network on Conflict Resolution Education and Peace Education (INCREPE) Global Partnership for the Prevention of Armed Conflict (GPPAC) Office of OSCE High Commissioner on National Minorities UNITED for Intercultural Action (Netherlands) Open Society Institute (Hungary)
Contacts www.ciet.org.ua Informational Methodological Center for Multicultural Education and Tolerance www.integration.org.ua (+380652) 505812, 255223 Integration and Development Center for Information and Research firstname.lastname@example.orgOleg Smirnov email@example.comIryna Brunova-Kalisetska