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Importance of academic research in standards education for public policy Jiliang University Hangzhou, China Masami Tanaka President Japan Standards Association.

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Presentation on theme: "Importance of academic research in standards education for public policy Jiliang University Hangzhou, China Masami Tanaka President Japan Standards Association."— Presentation transcript:

1 Importance of academic research in standards education for public policy Jiliang University Hangzhou, China Masami Tanaka President Japan Standards Association ICES 2011 and WSC Academic Week Jun 2011

2 Increasing Importance of standard educations Globalization of daily life and business Emerging soft standards related to global issues Global warming, social responsibility, social securities etc Many complex issues to master standardization

3 3 Standards Development Organization – ISO Providing e-learning textbook, establishment of ISO Award for Higher Education – IEC Releasing Power Point material for MBA or MOT – ITU ITU-T/Academia holds workshop – APEC promoting education project for international standardization – ASTM International, BSI, KSA and Others: Texts on Standards Education etc Cooperative meeting (forum) on standards education – ICES International Cooperation for Education about Standardization starting 2006 – Asian Linl Project on Standardization Educations (started 2004) – Working Group on Standardization Educations within Europe (2006) Many academic institutions throughout the world are already promoting the SE programs Several initiatives on encouraging standards educations

4 Roles of the academic institutions for Standards Education Practicing SE, which is based on more scientific results Develop the methods of pedagogy Nurturing research and studies that consolidate and expand the knowledge Creating synergistic process by fusing the academia with business and public officers

5 Many researches of Economic Aspect Basic Aspects Improving economic efficiency Compatibility and interoperability Scale economy by simplification Limiting market failure Reducing information asymmetry Promoting trade Many case studies and analysis have been done in these basic aspects and published the books and articles

6 Two Important Area of Standards Education at the higher Education Economic benefits of Standardization Utilization of Voluntary Standards at Public Policies

7 Relations between standards and institutions Standards Trade Policy Government Regulations Business Strategy (Marketing, R&D) Consumer Protections Environment protection Competition Policy Intellectual Property Right 7

8 Attributes of Standards Compatibility, Interfaces Network Economy (lock-in etc), Scale Economy Mutual understanding Common guideline,Delivering Information Simplification Securing Safety and Protecting Environment and Conformity Assessment 8

9 Regulations and Voluntary Activities Government Regulations Voluntary Activities by Private Sectors Voluntary Standards (national, Regional, International) 9

10 Benefits of Using Voluntary Standards More flexibility More consistency More transparency Less cost (if available) Problems of Regulators Can not manage contents of standards by themselves Takes time to change standards Different culture from standardizations 10

11 Two area of research Relationship between regulatory frameworks and voluntary standards Mechanism of conformity assessment in regulatory frameworks

12 Standards supporting Voluntary Activities Management Standards ISO14000 series Guides and Codes of Industrial Associations etc Instrumental Standards Technical Specifications for machines and production systems Measurements and test methods Machinery Safety Standards etc Uniformed Information Set Information Transfer from suppliers to end user General Guides for machine Safety (Guide 51) Building Codes etc 12

13 Benefits of Citing standards (JIS) General rolled steel for general use for construction (JIS-G3101) Labor safety Law Structural materials for crane Gas Suppliers safety Law Main materials for Pipe Fire prevention Law Materials for evacuation equipment Building Construction Law Structural materials for building Electricity Supply Law Materials for Iron pillar and tower Toxic poisonous chemicals control Law Materials of vessels 172 Laws cite 1991 JIS standards, with 6068duplicated counts: August

14 Hierarchy of relations between regulations and standards International Standards National Standards Domestic Common Practices Technical Regulations Adoption Citation More transparency Widely recognized 14

15 CE Marking System (Conformity Assessment Mechanism) Standards EU Directives Essential elements Consistent Standards (CEN/CENELEC) Detail specification) Surveillance Type Approval Confirming Design Quality management Batch Test 100 test Marking Sampling inspection at the market Conformity Assessment Design Production Declaration of conformance 15 Internal Management of Producers

16 Changes of Conformance Framework Government Government Government (Set Standards) (Set Standards) (Set Standards) Results Designated Inspection Accredited Inspection Accredited I.B. Bodies -Limited -Open -Open -ISO/IEC Guides -Guides Certificate Certificate Certificate Private Firms Private Firms Private Firms 16

17 Summary Expanding SE as the higher educations in terms of numbers and scope in various areas in the world. Academic institutions play important roles in SE not only by educating but also research So far many academic researches have been done within the disciplines of the economics (benefits etc) Utilizing voluntary S at public policy such as regulations is important area at SE and academic reaserches

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