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1 THE ECOWAS CONFLICT PREVENTION FRAMEWORK: An Overview WANSED-ECOWAS Consultative Meeting Enhancing Peace and Security: Challenges & Opportunities Abuja,

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Presentation on theme: "1 THE ECOWAS CONFLICT PREVENTION FRAMEWORK: An Overview WANSED-ECOWAS Consultative Meeting Enhancing Peace and Security: Challenges & Opportunities Abuja,"— Presentation transcript:

1 1 THE ECOWAS CONFLICT PREVENTION FRAMEWORK: An Overview WANSED-ECOWAS Consultative Meeting Enhancing Peace and Security: Challenges & Opportunities Abuja, July 2008 Abuja, July 2008 Dr. Abdel-Fatau Musah Conflict Prevention Adviser, ECOWAS CEDEAO ECOWAS

2 2 CONTENT CONTEXT OF ECPF: THE WHEELS OF VIOLENCE TYPES OF COMPLEX EMERGENCIES ECOWAS VISION ECPF CONTRIBUTION TO VISION AIM & PURPOSE OF ECPF OUTPUTS COMPONENTS OF ECPF COMPONENT BREAKDOWN PRINCIPLES OF COOPERATION ENABLING MECHANISMS NEXT STEPS

3 3 THE WHEELS OF VIOLENCE Political Gov Assassination Price hike Environment Social Gov Hate media Marginalization SALW Unconstitutional Rule Environmental Degradation Corporate Gov STRUCTURE ACCELERATORS TRIGGERS Demography HR & RoL Production relations Group Relations Electoral fraud Militarism Terrorism Exclusion INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS INTERESTS GEO-STRATEGIC LOCATION The Gulf of Guinea Sahel-Sahara Divide Climate Change & Seismic Faultlines

4 Bad Governance: Consequences ComplexHumanitarianEmergencies Inter-State Conflicts Inter-State Conflicts Civil Wars Civil Wars Political/Social Crisis Political/Social Crisis Local Conflicts Local Conflicts Environmental Crises Environmental Crises Natural Disasters Natural Disasters 4

5 5 ECOWASVISION TRANSFORM SUB-REGION: From ECOWAS OF STATES to ECOWAS OF THE PEOPLES CREATE: A peaceful, fully integrated, conflict-resilient, prosperous, democratic and rights-based West African Community of equal opportunities.

6 6AIM SHASHASHASHA TURTURTURTUR RMCRMCRMCRMC EAHEAHEAHEAH NNINNINNINNI GTGTGTGT TSETSETSETSE HECHECHECHEC ECTECTECTECT NUUNUUNUUNUU RRRRRRRR TIETIETIETIE HTHTHTHT EYEYEYEY The creation of conditions to eliminate pervasive threats to people's and individual rights, livelihoods, safety and lives. The protection of human and democratic rights, as well as the promotion of human development initiatives as sine qua non for assuring freedom from fear and freedom from want.

7 7 PURPOSE Create space within the ECOWAS system and in Member- States for interaction and cooperation within and with external partners around concrete initiatives in a manner that will trigger timely and targeted multi-actor and multi- dimensional action to diffuse or eliminate potential and real threats to human security in a predictable and institutional manner.

8 8 Comprehensive Conflict Prevention Reference Document to guide the ECOWAS System, Member States to draw on national, regional and international resources in their cooperative efforts to strengthen human security in the sub-region OUTPUT

9 9 COMPONNENTS 1. Early Warning 2. Preventive Diplomacy 3. Democracy and Political Governance 4. Human Rights and the Rule of Law 5. Media 6. Natural Resource Governance 7. Cross-Border Initiatives 8. Security Governance 9. Practical Disarmament 10. Women, Peace and Security 11. Youth Empowerment 12. ECOWAS Standby Force 13. Humanitarian Assistance 14. Peace Education (Culture of Peace) COMPONNENTS 1. Early Warning 2. Preventive Diplomacy 3. Democracy and Political Governance 4. Human Rights and the Rule of Law 5. Media 6. Natural Resource Governance 7. Cross-Border Initiatives 8. Security Governance 9. Practical Disarmament 10. Women, Peace and Security 11. Youth Empowerment 12. ECOWAS Standby Force 13. Humanitarian Assistance 14. Peace Education (Culture of Peace) COMPONNENTS

10 COMPONENT BREAKDOWN Indicative activities : By Stakeholders - - By the ECOWAS System - - By Member States - - By Civil Society - - By Other Partners Benchmarks/Yardsticks Capacity Requirements

11 11 1. Advocacy and Communication Communication 2. Resource Mobilization 3. Cooperation 4. Plan of Action 5. Monitoring and Evaluation FACILITATORS

12 12 Principles of COOPERATION PRINCIPLES Core Value: Human Security Core Value: Human Security Member States bear principal responsibility Member States bear principal responsibility ECOWAS is the primary facilitator ECOWAS is the primary facilitator Priority-Driven Programming Priority-Driven Programming Subsidiarity and Complementarity Subsidiarity and Complementarity Local ownership, Local Context, Sound Analysis Local ownership, Local Context, Sound Analysis Sustainability Sustainability Transparency and Accountability Transparency and Accountability

13 ECOWAS Norm/Standard setting, capacity building planning, analysis, Space creation, monitoring, advocacy, resource mobilization Member States Primary responsibility for P&S Implementation infrastructure Space creation for CSO and Private sector Civil society/ Private sector Sensitisation, mobilisation, capacity building Pressure exertion, monitoring, advocacy Job creation, infrastructure Development Partners Norm setting, resources Space creation, advocacy, Capacity building

14 14 ROLES & RESPONSIBILITIES Norm & Standard setting Enforcement Facilitation Space creation Capacity-Building Resource mobilization Monitoring Domestication Advocacy Sensitization Resource mobilization Capacity building Implementation & Enforcement Advocacy Monitoring &Evaluation

15 NEXT STEPS Elaboration of Plan Of Action Planning Meetings at the Zonal Level between ECOWAS structures in Member States and Civil Society Peace Constituencies ( From Sept 2008) Field Activities


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