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Social Development Strategy Social Development: Proposed Strategic Directions for the World Bank Judith A. Edstrom, Sector Manager Social Development Department.

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Presentation on theme: "Social Development Strategy Social Development: Proposed Strategic Directions for the World Bank Judith A. Edstrom, Sector Manager Social Development Department."— Presentation transcript:

1 Social Development Strategy Social Development: Proposed Strategic Directions for the World Bank Judith A. Edstrom, Sector Manager Social Development Department 21 July 2004 Dialogue with the United Nations, New York ECOSOC

2 Social Development Strategy Why a Social Development strategy?  Data shows social development matters  Time to provide more operational guiding principles  Need to accelerate the trajectory

3 Social Development Strategy Evaluation of social development in Bank activities: themes tracked OED Review of Social Development in Bank Activities, Operations Evaluation Department (OED]. The World Bank, Washington D.C., May  Community Driven Development  Culture  Gender  Indigenous Peoples  NGOs Participation  Conflict  Resettlement

4 Social Development Strategy OED Finding: social development works!

5 Social Development Strategy OED Finding: growing support of social development by Bank staff  96% of Country Directors and 83% of Task Managers participating in OED Survey said Social Development improves outcomes of Bank financed operations  Bank Task Managers also said : - Social Development (SD) improves project design through better understanding of the social context - SD clarifies understanding of project impact - SD contributes to sustainability - SD improves relations with clients

6 Social Development Strategy What is Social Development?  Positive social change  Transformation that equips societies to reduce poverty  Acknowledgment of interplay of power dynamics, culture, value systems, informal and formal structures of societies

7 Social Development Strategy Assets and capabilities for poverty reduction Assets Institutions : Inclusive Cohesive Accountable Well-being Poverty reduction Social Financial Physical Human Natural

8 Social Development Strategy Principles of social development strategy  Inclusion. Putting people at the center of development  Cohesion. Strengthening communities so people can work together  Accountability. Developing ways for people to exercise voice to authorities, and for authorities to respond

9 Social Development Strategy Inclusion Inclusive societies promote equal access to opportunities. To move toward this goal, societies must alter formal and informal rules that limit the capabilities of the disempowered and encourage the participation of diverse individuals and groups in development activities.

10 Social Development Strategy Cohesion Cohesive societies are willing and able to work together to address common needs, overcome common constraints and consider diverse interests. They resolve differences in a civil, non-confrontational way, promoting peace and security.

11 Social Development Strategy Accountable Institutions Accountable institutions are transparent and serve the public interest in an effective, efficient and fair way.They are responsive to people’s needs. Accountability is the obligation of power-holders (those who can exercise political, economic or other forms of power) to account for, or to take responsibility for, their actions.

12 Social Development Strategy Strategic objective: accelerate the trajectory  Heading in the right direction  Portfolio that includes SD increased as has quality of attention to SD issues in other projects  3 Strategic priorities to go further:  Strengthen policy dialogue and lending  Improve project effectiveness – by mainstreaming and free-standing portfolio  Build on foundation of capacity building, advocacy and research

13 Social Development Strategy Priority 1: Increase attention to SD in the Bank's policy dialogue and policy-based lending  Improve the social development content of policy analysis, working from positive experiences with Poverty and Social Impact Analysis (PSIA) and social capital studies.  Strengthen multi-stakeholder participation in development and monitoring of macro strategies (e.g. PRSP, Bank Country Assistance Strategy).  Improve content of policy-based lending. E.g., budget transparency conditionality

14 Social Development Strategy Priority 2: Improve the social development effectiveness of Bank-supported investment projects  Improve social analysis including efficiency improvements by relying on upstream work ;  Improve multi-stakeholder participation – to include better sustainability and monitoring;  Implement social safeguards more effectively; and  Improve mainstreaming of SD concerns into Bank- financed projects and project components and nurture SD portfolio.

15 Social Development Strategy SD portfolio-business areas  Social inclusion: projects focused on specific vulnerable groups  India Rural Women’s Empowerment  Ecuador Prodepine project  Cohesion in society: projects focused on conflict prevention and reconstruction  Projects funded by the Post-Conflict Fund  Croatia Social and Economic Recovery Project  Accountable institutions:  Community driven development - Indonesia Kecamatan Development projects or the First and Second Palestinian NGO projects  Social accountability - Malawi community score card in health projects

16 Social Development Strategy Priority 3: Improve Bank’s capacity building and research, and sustain advocacy on SD  Improve capacity building: Build capacity of social development specialists, create coalition for social development and train local consultants in providing project support for for social development  Improve social development research: Better align research priorities with operational needs by: further exploring links between SD and economic growth, refine indicators for SD, and better evaluate the impacts of SD projects.  Sustain advocacy on social development: Based on better aligned research, and clarification of what aspects are pure advocacy and which the Bank will be able to address.

17 Social Development Strategy Implementing the strategic priorities  Sustain and deepen ongoing corporate directions;  Align World Bank policies, procedures and practices;  Strengthen external partnerships;  Improve internal collaboration; and  Reallocate financial, human and managerial resources.

18 Social Development Strategy Next steps  External consultations – first half 2004  Regional business strategies – third quarter 2004  Finalize Bank-wide business strategy – late 2004  Dissemination after final Executive Directors’ endorsement – early 2005

19 Social Development Strategy Your Advice Please….  A meaningful vision and appropriate role for World Bank?  How can World Bank best implement this strategy?  How can we work together?


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