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Network Centric Operations 2/7/2014JCHsu 1 Introduction to Network Centric Operations John C. Hsu,Ph.D.,P.E.

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Presentation on theme: "Network Centric Operations 2/7/2014JCHsu 1 Introduction to Network Centric Operations John C. Hsu,Ph.D.,P.E."— Presentation transcript:

1 Network Centric Operations 2/7/2014JCHsu 1 Introduction to Network Centric Operations John C. Hsu,Ph.D.,P.E.

2 Network Centric Operations 2/7/2014JCHsu 2 Net-Centric Operations (NCO) This is now and future. This is the technology and product in this century and beyond.

3 Network Centric Operations 2/7/2014JCHsu 3 We are in the Midst of Massive Change – Cyber, Information, Physical, Identity, Asset Security – Information as a Weapon/Competitive Advantage – Universal Need-to-Share – Knowledge Empowerment – New Threats & New Opportunities – New Ways of Thinking About Information – New Structures in SW Industry New Era Adaptation to a New Environment New Paradigms of Operating

4 Network Centric Operations 2/7/2014JCHsu 4 Information Age We are: –drowning in information –immersed in data –surrounded by standalone information systems –starving for knowledge Communication is as effective as the weakest link.

5 Network Centric Operations 2/7/2014JCHsu 5 Information Dominance The power of information dominance has been shown both in the battlefield and in the business world. The organization with the right information at the right time will prevail, whether its in the military arena or in industry.

6 Network Centric Operations 2/7/2014JCHsu 6 NCO is massive, complex and evolving Industry feels the Winds of Change – direction? Legacy Stovepipe system companies are fearful of business reduction and searching for their future – reduce uncertainty New companies sense opportunities

7 Network Centric Operations 2/7/2014JCHsu 7 Net-Centric Operations (1) Net-Centric Operations (NCO) is an environment where collaboration between networks, systems (such as satellites, aircraft, or ships) or elements within systems (devices or components such as PDAs) is possible. Systems are linked or networked by a common infrastructure, share information across geographic borders, and dynamically reallocate resources based on operational needs. Video

8 Network Centric Operations 2/7/2014JCHsu 8 Net-Centric Operations (2) Net-Centric is not just Network Technology: includes all elements of the network (technologies, infrastructures, nodes, systems,…..) Network-Centric entails only infrastructure (LAN, routers, Cables, NIC cards,…..)

9 Network Centric Operations 2/7/2014JCHsu 9 If one plus one equals three because of teamwork, then one plus one equals five when using teamwork supported by network-centric operations. The power of the network is increased exponentially with each additional node. This is known as Metcalf's Law. NCO Quotations

10 Network Centric Operations 2/7/2014JCHsu 10 Benefits Enhanced situational awareness enables speed of command Increase mission effectiveness Time and agility –Rapid access to crucial information –Rapid and appropriate decisions Location independence without knowing the physical location of nodes Collaboration –Allow multiple participants; independent, interdependent or hierachical –Tightly-coupled or loosely-coupled –People/systems working together

11 Network Centric Operations 2/7/2014JCHsu 11 Applications Assist the global Air Traffic Management. E-Enabled Airline: Integration of airplanes, people and operations in a System-of- Systems environment. Global Communications, Navigation, and Surveillance System (GCNSS) that can be used for Tsunami warning and other applications.Create Global Communications, Navigation, and Surveillance System (GCNSS) that can be used for Tsunami warning and other applications.

12 Network Centric Operations 2/7/2014JCHsu 12 Application for NCO: Tsunami Early WARNING!

13 Network Centric Operations 2/7/2014JCHsu 13 Supporting the Battlefield Video

14 Network Centric Operations 2/7/2014JCHsu 14 Information-enabled enterprise can maximize value creation and enable people to realize their potential It will lead to lean infrastructure It will be decentralized leading to efficient decision making It will increase employee productivity Employees can work anywhere/anytime Employees can design anywhere / build anywhere It will be 7 x 24 global operation Net-Centric Company

15 Network Centric Operations 2/7/2014JCHsu 15 Robustly networked via digital data links with the following capabilities Sensing Commanding Controlling Engaging NCO Capabilities

16 Network Centric Operations 2/7/2014JCHsu 16 Like the Internet, network centric nodes depend on each other to provide multiple streams of connectivity for the movement of information from point to point. This enables them to interoperate and collaborate, even across domains In real time, we collect and share data, turn that data into information and turn the information into knowledge. Network

17 Network Centric Operations 2/7/2014JCHsu 17 Key to moving data through the network are software intelligent agents. Software intelligent agents continually mine the network for information, piecing together clues and connecting the dots in all events. Software intelligent agents act like a continually running search enginelike Googlewith its engine revved all the time. Move Data

18 Network Centric Operations 2/7/2014JCHsu 18 The interoperability between networks and nodes results in an increase in situational awareness allowing decision makers to make better, more informed decisions quicker and more accurately. The nodes on a network share data and the resources that comprise the network to ensure that the right information gets to the right place at the right time. Interoperability

19 Network Centric Operations 2/7/2014JCHsu 19 Common Architecture

20 Network Centric Operations 2/7/2014JCHsu 20 Systems Engineering –Focuses upon the design of a complex platform that involves many individual systems. –The skills that have to be developed System-of-Systems Engineering Architecture Framework Requirements and Functional Modeling Other pertinent systems engineering skills Specific Skills Required for NCO (1)

21 Network Centric Operations 2/7/2014JCHsu 21 Large-scale Systems Integration –Organizational competency beyond design- oriented aspects and includes production and supplier management, etc. –Ability to manage many tasks that are needed to produce a solution that meets a customers needs Networking Technologies –Network theory –Communication technology –Hardware Specific Skills Required for NCO (2)

22 Network Centric Operations 2/7/2014JCHsu 22 Software Development –Software intelligent agents –Continually mining the network for information and instantly recognizing patterns and correlation Specific Skills Required for NCO (3)

23 Network Centric Operations 2/7/2014JCHsu 23 System-of-Systems Engineering (SoSE) Process – Understand the existing System-of Systems Engineering (SoSE) process. – Develop a robust SoSE Process that will be best supportable to network system development. – There is a need for more and better synthesis techniques that can produce more robust and balanced SoS solutions. – Integration of systems engineering and software. – SoSE Management Develop SoSE Risk Management Develop SoSE Trade Study mothodology Develop SoSE Technical Performance Measurement Develop SoSE verification and validation strategy Scope/Tasks (1)

24 Network Centric Operations 2/7/2014JCHsu 24 Architecture Development Guidance (ADG)Architecture Development Guidance (ADG) –Study the DoDAF, MODAF, etc. –Identify the insufficient areas in DoDAF, MODAF, etc. –Develop a robust ADG –A need to better-understood architectural principles and practices –Enterprise Architect considers hardware/software systems, political, economic, social, technological, ecological, and legal aspects. –Services Oriented Architecture Focus on usability rather just on performance. Users may be people and/or other systems. Flexible enough to be not used by original architects and designers. Scope/Tasks (2)

25 Network Centric Operations 2/7/2014JCHsu 25 System Architecture Reference Model (SARM) System Architecture Reference Model (SARM) – On which architecture(s) a set of information and communication standards/interfaces can be built on the desired level of interpretability – Understand the existing SARM – Develop a robust SARM – Develop architecture building blocks to be reusable from one architecture to another Systems development methods – Systems Engineering needs to become more model-driven. Collaborate with OMG and INCOSE OOSEM WG to support the robust modeling mothod that is best supportable to network centric systems engineering requirements development, functional analysis and allocation, system architecture development and specification generation. – Language enabling information exchange, such as, XML. Scope/Tasks (3)

26 Network Centric Operations 2/7/2014JCHsu 26 Simulation and Modeling – Explore and develop the robust SoS modeling and simulation mothod that is best supportable to network centric systems engineering requirements development, functional analysis and allocation, system architecture development and specification generation. – In collaboration with other Simulation and Modeling Societies and Working Groups to develop the best yet SoS simulation and modeling to support the NCO performance analysis. Operational Analysis/Concept of Operations – Collaborate with Operational Analysis Societies and Working Groups to explore and develop SoSE Concept of Operations. Scope/Tasks (4)

27 Network Centric Operations 2/7/2014JCHsu 27 SoSE Standards – Be a leader in developing SoSE standards. – He who fails to set the standards first is doomed to eventually follow standards set by others. SoSE Research and Education – Focus on SoSE Process – Architecture modeling – International standardized educational methods and terminology Scope/Tasks (5)

28 Network Centric Operations 2/7/2014JCHsu 28 Network Centric Systems Engineering Tools – SoSE Process tools – Systems Engineering work bench (suite of tools) with integrated database – Architecture modeling tools – Modeling and simulation tools – SoS life cycle cost estimating tool SoSE Life Cycle Methodology – Develop SoS life cycle cost assessment method. Scope/Tasks (6)

29 Network Centric Operations 2/7/2014JCHsu 29 Different Approaches to Realizing Net- Centric Solutions –The Performance-Centric approach by UK MOD –The Architecture-Centric approach by Swedish Defence –The Information-Centric by UK DoD –The commercial approach by CISCO –The best net-centric system NCO Panel 1.6

30 Network Centric Operations 2/7/2014JCHsu Network Centric Operations Implementations in Several Domains Systems Engineering Net-Centric Solutions: An Analysis of Different Perspectives Applying Systems Modeling Language to A Simple Hardware System NCO Papers

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