2Learning Outcomes Distinguish learning styles By the end of this session participants will be able to:Distinguish learning stylesExplain vocabulary learning strategiesRelate age differences to learning preferences
4Learner differencesTask: complete the table with the correct example and check your answers with a partnerLearner differenceExampleAged) How old is learner?Levelf) e.g. Beginner, elementary, intermediate, advancedPersonalityb) e.g. quiet, shy, sociableLearning stylee) How the learner likes to learnLearning strategiesa) The ways a learner uses to learnMotivationg) How interested is s/he in learningPast learning experiencec) Has s/he learned English before?
5Kinaesthetic (moving) Tactile ( touching)* Types of learning styles The four modalities* (originates from the work of Dr’s Bandler, R.and Grinder, J. in the Field of Neuro-Linguistic programming)Visual ( seeing)Auditory ( hearing)Kinaesthetic (moving)Tactile ( touching)*
6Learning styles* Kinaesthetic Auditory Visual Put each characteristic into one of the circles.VisualKinaestheticAuditory
7Learning styles Likes looking at pictures VisualLikes looking at picturesRemembers things by how they appeared on the pageLikes organising things into listsLooks at the teacher’s face intently*Recognizes words by sight*
8Learning styles Auditory Likes dialogues (discussions, plays etc.) Uses sounds and rhythm* to help rememberLikes to talk about thingsLikes the teacher to provide verbal instructions
9Learning styles Kinaesthetic Can’t sit still for long Needs to be active ( as a memory aid*)Likes activities where they move around
10Learning styles* Field-independent vs. Field- dependent Left-brain dominated vs. right-brain dominatedMcCarthy’s four learning styles- Innovative- Analytic- Common- Dynamicfor more info:
11Learning Strategies What are learning strategies? Techniques which are used by good language learners,e.g., to help them understand new input,remember vocabulary,communicate effectively etc.
12Learning Strategies Metacognitive Cognitive ( knowing about knowing) are used to shape and control learningPlanning learningReviewing workAssessing one’s own performanceForming hypothesesCognitive(are task specific)ClassifyingMatchingPredictingSequencing
13Learning StrategiesBrainstorm all the ways you can think for learning vocabulary. Think about the way you learn new words – how do you learn them? Write your ideas into the thought bubbles.
14Learning StrategiesRead words aloud and associate the sounds with words which have similar soundsLook at the word on context to understand the meaning and see what kinds words it s used withDefine parts of speech and see if this is changeableKeep a vocabulary notebook with sound ,context, synonyms, antonyms etc.Organising the entries in the vocabulary notebook according to a system e.g. alphabetical, according to topic, coursebook unit etcUse dictionaries to find out as much as you can about the wordDraw illustrationsWrite dialogues or storiesWrite examples of how the word can be used in different contextsTravel with the vocabulary notebook, review on the way to school etc.Record words onto mp3\ cassette and listenTest yourself regularly
15Age-related learner differences Discuss the following statements. Do you associate them with children, teenagers, adults, with two of groups or all groups?Sometimes have short attention spansMotivated to learn for career reasonsNeed to have routinesCognitive skills are usually well developedDiscipline problems usually not an issueLike to do activities involving movementMay be shyer\ more reluctant to speakAble to concentrate for long periodsRespond well to project work related to personal inerestsMotor skills not fully developedMay find it hard to keep stillMay be subject to mood changes
16Previous language learning experience Group discussionWhat things did your teachers do that you found helpful helpful \ unhelpful?How do the effects of past experience influence learners( their styles, motivation and attitudes)?
17Planning lessons for learners’ preferred learning styles Look at the activities and say which learning style they would suit. Remember that some activities can suit more than one learning style.Choose from these learning stylesvisual auditory kinaesthetic
19Reflection Talk to each other about your own learning preferences Can you identify learning styles and learning strategies your colleagues use?How could you adapt this for finding out about the learning styles your classrooms?