Presentation on theme: "Listening Comprehension Instruction"— Presentation transcript:
1 Listening Comprehension Instruction North Dakota KindergartenTeacher Reading Academy
2 What is Listening Comprehension? An understanding of stories and other texts that are read aloud to themIt lays the foundation for children to later be able to “understand what they read, remember what they read, and communicate with others what they read.”National Institute for Literacy, 2001, p. 48
3 Listening Comprehension… …is enhanced as kindergarten children listen to stories that are read aloud, participate in discussions of stories, and engage in other literacy –related activities.
4 When we read aloud, encourage children to….. Make predictionsAnswer questions about the book’s contentRead and talk alongShare their own interests related to the book’s contentAsk questions of you and their peersReenact or retell the story
5 How We Learn… 10% of what we READ 20% of what we HEAR 30% of what we SEE50% of what we SEE and HEAR70% of what is DISCUSSED with OTHERS80% of what is EXPERIENCED PERSONALLY95% of what we TEACH TO SOMEONE ELSEWilliam Glasser
6 Comprehension instruction can include showing children how to… Monitor their comprehensionSummarizeRecognize story structureUse graphic organizersAnswer and generate questions
7 We model what good readers do by thinking aloud Demonstrate:How you picture in your mind what is happening in a story or bookHow you reread certain partsHow you stop and summarize what has happenedHow you regularly make predictions
8 Reading Aloud Different Types of Texts NarrativesTell a story using a familiar story structure that includes a beginning, middle, and endExpository (or informational) textTells about one or more topics in different and varied ways
9 Reading narrative and expository texts aloud to children helps them: Make connections to real life experiences and build background knowledgeIncrease their vocabulary and understand different types of books
10 Graphic OrganizersCan guide children’s thinking and help them remember important elements and information in both narrative and expository textsCan be used before, during and after reading
11 Effective Questioning Gives children a purpose for listening and readingFocuses children’s attention on a topic and what is to be learned about the topicHelps children think about what they hear read aloudEncourages children to be aware of what they do and do not understandHelps children to relate the content of what they are learning to what they already know.
12 Scaffolding: Using Different Types of Questions Literal QuestionsEncourage children to become aware of the information in the textOpen-ended QuestionsEncourage children to extend their thinking about the text and to use more elaborated language as they discuss the text
13 Kindergarten Strategies Preview and PredictUse illustrations (picture walk)My Lucky DayUse text features to predictIf You Could Go To AntarcticaVisualize and predictOld MacDonald Had a WoodshopRecognize text structureBuilding Beavers
14 Ten Core Comprehension Skills at Each Grade CharacterSettingSequenceClassify and CategorizeCompare and ContrastMain IdeaRealism and FantasyPlotCause and EffectDraw Conclusions
15 Asking Questions Along the Continuum Write several questions to ask before reading and several questions to ask after readingUse handout “Developing Questions to Enhance Listening Comprehension”At your table, role-play a read aloud sessionUse the handout “Asking Effective Questions”