Presentation on theme: "THE ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAY Mr.Wilson – LMAC - English."— Presentation transcript:
THE ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAY Mr.Wilson – LMAC - English
What is a Persuasive/Argument Essay? “Persuasive writing, also known as the argument essay, utilizes logic and reason to show that one idea is more legitimate than another idea. It attempts to persuade a reader to adopt a certain point of view or to take a particular action. The argument must always use sound reasoning and solid evidence by stating facts, giving logical reasons, using examples, and quoting experts.”
Planning your Essay 1. First – choose a topic you are actually interested in. Examples?
Planning your Essay 2. Choose your position: Pick a side (aka YOUR THESIS) Provide a solution (aka YOUR CONCLUSION) Know the PURPOSE of your essay = TO ARGUE 3. Know your audience: Age? Culture? Pop references? EMOTIONAL RESPONSE?
Planning your Essay 4. Research your topic : Must include specific and relevant evidence (I expect at least 5 different sources!) The more you research – the more convincing your argument will be. 5. Structure your Essay : Once you have your evidence, what order will it be presented in? (Body paragraphs) PS: Always keep in mind your purpose, your audience and your TOPIC – don’t lose track
Basic Structure Introduction Hook your reader's attention Provide general background information on the controversy End with a clear statement about WHICH SIDE YOU ARE ON. Body paragraphs Present points/facts/research in support of your main idea ONE paragraph = ONE point. Everything must be cited properly (Your paper may not be accepted otherwise). Counter Argument One of paragraph should explain a COUNTER ARGUMENT – and refute it. Conclusion Creatively restate your main idea and supporting points. Try to leave your audience even more connected to your topic and persuaded by your main idea or perspective.
Essential Criteria 1. Use Legitimate Sources : Be very careful! The internet is a difficult place to find reliable sources for supporting evidence. 1. Books 2. Articles 3. Interviews 4. Documentary films 5. Web sites 2. Test your Thesis : Is there a counter argument to your own? Is it debatable? Is it RELEVANT?
Essential Criteria 3. Disprove the Opposition : Understanding the opposite viewpoint of your position. Counter it by providing contrasting evidence. 4. Support your Position with Evidence : Remember that your evidence must appeal to reason! “Evidence without context is not evidence.”
Different Types of Evidence Facts: Very convincing, but they require RESEARCH. Not the same as a “truth” – which is simply something everyone believes but cannot be proven. Statistics: Must be from responsible sources – and explained. Quotes: Make sure they are from reputable sources. Examples: Make your ideas concrete by providing proof.