Presentation on theme: "Friday Do now: discuss with the person across from you which moment you chose to write about in your flash narrative. Please put your flash narratives."— Presentation transcript:
Friday Do now: discuss with the person across from you which moment you chose to write about in your flash narrative. Please put your flash narratives in a pile in the middle of your desks.
Agenda Friday good news! (positive bragging, tattling) Background information for Balzac and the Little Chinese Seamstress Ticket out the door
Chinese Cultural Revolution World Lit – Balzac and the Little Chinese Seamstress
Key terms Confucianism Communism Mao Zedong Cultural revolution Re-education
Cultural RevolutionCultural Revolution: Questions to Consider How does a country get to the place described in the first part of Balzac ? How do leaders grab and keep power?
Background: Confucianism 551-479 BCE Main ideas: Love and Compassion Respect for Elders – Filial Piety Education Ritual Humility
Before World War II: Civil War in China Nationalists - Chiang Kai-Shek - Southwest - Capitalist (private ownership, competition) Communists - Mao Zedong - North - Communist (classless society, collective ownership)
Civil War Again 1946-1949 Nationalists advantages: Outnumber communists 3:1 US Financial Aid October 1949, Mao wins Economy Confucianism
China Under Mao: 1949-1961 Mao needs to keep public support 80% of Chinas population is rural 10% of rural population control 70% of land Agrarian Reform Law Five Year Plan – 1953 Communes Great Leap Forward - 1958
Mao Steps Back Liu Shaoqi and Deng Xiaoping step in: Practical Communism (vs. Maos ideal) Mao collecting lists of artists, writers, and scholars who he has labeled reactionary bourgeois Drama of the Ming Mandarin Red Scare in reverse!
Cultural Revolution – May 1966 Society of Peasants and Workers: All Equal Bourgeois are dangerous and anti-revolutionary Intellectuals & artists are useless & dangerous Red Guards: purge Re-Education - 1968
Re-education Program begins in 1968 Forced intellectuals/educated to purify themselves with hard labor in remote villages Thought reform through labor Balzac : youths have been deemed intellectuals and have been sent to the countryside to become re- educated by the village
Aftermath Widespread chaos Decrease in production Civil war looming Mao dies, Revolution ends 1976
Questions We Considered How do leaders grab and keep power? How does a country get to the place described in the first part of Balzac, and in the video?
Clarification! Balzac was not a member of the Communist party, nor was he a leader in China Honore de Balzac is a 19 th century French writer and playwright
Ticket out the door What is working well for you in this class? What would you like to see more of? What are you looking forward to this weekend?