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1-800-DIABETES www.diabetes.org DIABETES CARE TASKS AT SCHOOL: What Key Personnel Need to Know DIABETES CARE TASKS AT SCHOOL: What Key Personnel Need to.

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Presentation on theme: "1-800-DIABETES www.diabetes.org DIABETES CARE TASKS AT SCHOOL: What Key Personnel Need to Know DIABETES CARE TASKS AT SCHOOL: What Key Personnel Need to."— Presentation transcript:

1 1-800-DIABETES DIABETES CARE TASKS AT SCHOOL: What Key Personnel Need to Know DIABETES CARE TASKS AT SCHOOL: What Key Personnel Need to Know DIABETES BASICS

2 1-800-DIABETES 2 Goal: Optimal Student Health and Learning All school staff members should have basic knowledge of diabetes and know who to contact for help.

3 1-800-DIABETES Learning Objectives Participants will be able to understand: What is diabetes? Why care at school is required Basic components of diabetes care at school Short and long term consequences of diabetes 3

4 1-800-DIABETES What is Diabetes? In diabetes: Body does not make or properly use insulin Insulin is needed to: Move glucose from blood into cells for energy If insulin isnt working, high blood glucose results: Energy levels are low Dehydration Complications 4

5 1-800-DIABETES Type 1 Diabetes Autoimmune disorder Insulin-producing cells destroyed Daily insulin replacement necessary Age of onset: usually childhood, young adulthood Most common type of diabetes in children and adolescents 5

6 1-800-DIABETES 6 SYMPTOMS: increased urination tiredness weight loss Type 1 Diabetes CAUSE: uncertain, both genetic and environmental factors increased thirst hunger dry skin blurred vision ONSET: relatively quick

7 1-800-DIABETES Type 2 Diabetes Insulin resistance – first step Age at onset: Most common in adults Increasingly common in youth overweight inactivity genes ethnicity 7

8 1-800-DIABETES 8 Type 2 Diabetes some children show no symptoms at diagnosis others are symptomatic with very high blood glucose levels SYMPTOMS: ONSET: variable timeframe for children tired, thirsty, hunger, increased urination

9 1-800-DIABETES 9 Diabetes is Managed, But it Does Not Go Away. GOAL: Maintain target blood glucose

10 1-800-DIABETES 10 Diabetes Management Constant Juggling - 24/7 Insulin/ medication with: Physical activity BG and Food intake

11 1-800-DIABETES Diabetes Management Routine Care: Many students will be able to handle all or almost all routine diabetes care by themselves Some students will need school staff to perform or assist with routine diabetes care Emergency Care: ALL students with diabetes will need help in the event of an emergency situation 11

12 1-800-DIABETES Care in the Schools: School Nurses and Others A School nurse is most appropriate to: Coordinate diabetes care Supervise diabetes care Provide direct care (when available) Communicate about health concerns to parent/guardian and health care team However, a school nurse is not always available. Non-medical school staff can be trained to assist students: For both routine and emergency care Including insulin and glucagon administration 12

13 1-800-DIABETES Diabetes Medical Management Plan (DMMP) Basis for all school-based diabetes care plans Developed by students personal health care team and parent/guardian Signed by a member of students personal health care team Individualized Implemented collaboratively by the school diabetes team: - School nurse - Student - Parent/guardian - Other school personnel 13

14 1-800-DIABETES Where to Get More Information American Diabetes Association DIABETES National Diabetes Education Program/NIH 14


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