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Learning Objectives for HYPERglycemia-HIGH blood sugar Participants will be able to understand: Symptoms of high blood sugar Treatment of high blood sugar.

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Presentation on theme: "Learning Objectives for HYPERglycemia-HIGH blood sugar Participants will be able to understand: Symptoms of high blood sugar Treatment of high blood sugar."— Presentation transcript:

1 Learning Objectives for HYPERglycemia-HIGH blood sugar Participants will be able to understand: Symptoms of high blood sugar Treatment of high blood sugar Short and long term risks of high blood sugar Above target range KBN 2014

2 HYPERglycemia=HIGH blood sugar O HIGH blood sugar possible causes: Above target range Not enough insulin Too much food Not enough activity Illness, infection or stress KBN 2014

3 HYPERglycemia=High blood sugar Onset: Usually slow onset, not an emergency More rapid with: -pump failure/malfunction -illness -infection Can mimic flu-like symptoms Greatest danger: may lead to diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) if not treated KBN 2014

4 HYPERglycemia-HIGH Blood Sugar O HYPERglycemia alone is not an emergency O When accompanied with nausea, vomiting and/or ketones, it does become an emergency and the school nurse and parent/ guardian should be called O If unable to reach a parent or guardian, the school nurse should initiate contact with the health care provider or 911. KBN 2014

5 HYPERglycemia-HIGH blood sugar Common Symptoms Thirsty Blurred Vision Tired Hunger Frequent restroom breaks KBN 2014

6 HYPERglycemia-HIGH blood sugar other symptoms Headache Stomach pains Weight Loss Irritable Flushed Face Sleepiness/Fatigue Dry Mouth Nausea Confusion Labored breathing Profound weakness Unconscious Above target range KBN 2014

7 HYPERglycemia: What to do Goal is to lower the blood sugar to target range by following the actions on the DMMP: O Verify by blood sugar check O Check urine ketones as ordered on DMMP O Allow free use of restroom and access to water O Contact school nurse to discuss plan of action. O Administer insulin based on school nurse consult and DMMP O School nurse/school employee will contact parent/guardian, especially if ketones are present. O Recheck blood sugar per DMMP O Document, noting any patterns or irregularities KBN 2014

8 HYPERglycemia: Risks and Complications O Interferes with student’s ability to learn and participate O Serious long-term complications develop when blood sugar levels remain above the target range over time and are recurring O Hyperglycemia and ketones untreated can lead to diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and potentially to coma and/or death KBN 2014

9 GO TO THE AMERICAN DIABETES ASSOCIATION SAFE AT SCHOOLS VIDEO CHAPTER 4 HYPERGLYCEMIA on the internet at YOU TUBE: st=PL3DE9DDE8EB2A2E56&index=5


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