2What is Civics?Civics is the study of the rights and duties of citizens.List some rights and duties of citizens:Rights are things you can doDuties are things you must do
3What is a citizen?A citizen is a person who owes loyalty to and is entitled to the protection of a government.The concept of citizenship began in Greece & Rome more than 2500 years ago
4E pluribus unum??? Written on the back of every American coin Means: “out of many, one”The current US population is more than 308 million (2010 Census)The United States is a Nation of Immigrants
5Discuss in small groups: What is your family heritage?Where do you come from?Why did your ancestors immigrate to the United States?
6Early Immigration…Early 1600’s the French settled in Canada and the English settled on the east coast1700’s Immigrants came from Germany, the Netherlands, Ireland, Scotland, & Sweden
7Immigration after Independence... 1830’s: 600,000 immigrants1850’s: 2 million immigrants: 10 million European immigrants
8Immigration shifts…From 1890 to 1924 there were about 22 million immigrants mostly from southern & eastern EuropeIn the last 50 years Latin Americans are the largest group of immigrants
9Involuntary immigrants?... What group came to America unwillingly?Enslaved Africans500,000 from 1619 to 1808What happened in 1808 to stop it?It became illegal to bring slaves into the US
10Diversity…America has a very diverse ethnic/racial/cultural populationWe are a “tossed salad” not a “melting pot”!Europeans and AfricansAsian and Pacific IslandersNative Americans and Latinos
11Religious diversity:More than 200 million people practice some form of ChristianityJews, Muslims, and BuddhistsThose who don’t practice any religionWhich amendment allows such freedom?Everyone is free to worship according to their conscience.
12Movement inside the country Mid -1800’s people began moving from rural areas to citiesWhy?To work in factories and support industries (stores, schools, housing)- “blue collar”Also, service industry jobs- law, medicine, teaching- “white collar”
13Post Civil War migration A mass movement of former slaves from the South to the North following the Civil WarToday, the South and West have the fastest growing populations
14Other population changes today: Average age is growingMore are earning college and graduate degreesLatinos are the fastest growing ethnic groupLatinos and other minority groups will soon be in the majority
15American Values & Institutions Values are the ideas about what is good or desirable, and are shared by people in a societyEx of basic American values: freedom, equality, opportunity, justice, democracy, unity, respect, and tolerance
16Other shared values…A common political history based on our founding documentsThe Declaration of Independence, The US Constitution, The Bill of RightsA single language: English p. 12Popular Sovereignty- government by consent of the governed
17American Institutions… Institutions are sets of ideas that people have about relationships, obligations, roles, and functions.Family is the most important American institution!
18Other American institutions… Religious institutionsEducational institutionsSocial institutionsGovernmental institutionsSee quote on p. 13