Presentation on theme: "Ch. 1 Section 1. I. What is Civics? A) Civics is the study of the rights and duties of citizens."— Presentation transcript:
Ch. 1 Section 1
I. What is Civics? A) Civics is the study of the rights and duties of citizens.
1) So, what’s a citizen? A citizen is 1) a member of the community who 2)owes loyalty to the government and 3) is entitled to protection from it.
2) Is citizenship new? a) No!! Ancient Greece created the first citizens 2,500 years ago!!
B) Who can be a citizen? 1) Lots of People!!! a) America has 300 million people b) Everyone’s ancestors came from somewhere else c) IMMIGRANT---a person who moves permanently to a new country
1) Native Americans came here 10,000 years ago
2) English and Dutch arrived in America years ago
African Americans came here as slaves years ago.
Most immigrants came to America 100 years ago from Europe
Hispanics and Asians are biggest immigrant groups today
C) Working in America 1) Native Americans were hunters and gatherers---you got paid in food! 2) The American colonists were mostly farmers in s.
3) Late 1800s workers lived in cities and worked in factories (called BLUE COLLAR WORKERS)
4) Today we have SERVICE ECONOMY—we earn money by providing a service such as lawyers, accountants etc. (called WHITE COLLAR WORKERS) Can you name some service jobs?
II. American Values and Institutions A) What are VALUES? Big ideas about what is good/bad that most people agree with?
2) Americans share many of the same values a) freedom b) tolerance c) Democracy d) equality e) pizza
3) Popular Sovereignty a) Americans believe that government rules with the consent of the people b) Wait, how do we give our consent???? 1) ELECTIONS-we vote for who we want to lead us. 2) MAJORITY RULE---Whoever has the most votes gets to lead.