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Mental disorders Affect a persons thoughts emotions & behaviors.

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Presentation on theme: "Mental disorders Affect a persons thoughts emotions & behaviors."— Presentation transcript:

1 Mental disorders Affect a persons thoughts emotions & behaviors

2 Types of Mental Disorders  Organic: Mental Disorder caused by a physical illness or an injury that affects the brain  Functional: Mental Disorder that has a psychological cause & does not involve Brain Damage

3 Symptoms  Too much or too little SLEEP  Feelings of extreme SADNESS  Unexplained MOOD Changes  Drug or alcohol abuse  Inability to CONCENTRATE  Extreme ANXIETY or Irrational FEAR  PERSONALITY Changes  False perceptions of REALITY

4 Anxiety Disorders General Anxiety Constant feeling of anxiety and fear with physical symptoms like increased heart rate, shortness of breath, perspiration, shaking & diarrhea

5 Anxiety Disorders Phobias are COMMON among people! Persistent fear of something  Bathing- Ablutophobia  Body odors- Osmophobia or Osphresiophobia.  Spiders - Arachnophobia

6 Anxiety Disorders Obsessive/Compulsive Persistent recurring thoughts accompanied with the need to repeatedly perform some action, such as washing one’s hands Panic Intense feelings of terror that occur suddenly Post- Traumatic Stress Disorder

7 Mood Disorders Clinical Depression Experiencing feelings of sadness, loneliness, and hopelessness for an extended period of time. Bi-Polar Disorder aka Manic-Depressive Experiencing exaggerated feelings of euphoria, irritability, depression, exaggerated mood swings, displaying reckless behavior

8 Dissociative Disorders Multiple Personality Having 2 or more distinct personalities which can show different physical conditions and are often the exact opposite of each other Amnesia Loss of memory

9 Schizophrenia Impaired perceptions, thinking processes, emotional health & physical activity

10 Attention Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder  Difficulty Concentrating  Difficulty Completing Tasks  Difficulty Following Directions  Impulsive  Hyperactive

11 Personality Disorders  Anti-Social Showing a preference to remain distant from others  Passive Aggressive Behavior that displays an inner conflict between being dependent & being assertive which results in erratic moods

12 Symptoms of teen depression. Irritable or restless mood Withdraw from friends and activities A change in appetite or weight Feelings of guilt or worthlessness Sense of hopelessness Ways to manage teen depression Write your feeling in a private journal Draw, dance, or engage in another activity talk about your feelings with your family or friends Do something nice for someone else

13 Mental Health Professionals  Psychiatrist: a physician who diagnoses & treats mental disorders & can prescribe medications  Clinical Psychologist: A professional who diagnoses & treats emotional & behavioral disorders through counseling  Counselor: A professional who helps people with personal and educational matters

14 Treatments  Psycho-Therapy helps people resolve past trauma through counseling  Group Therapy involves a therapist leading a group of people with a similar disorder  Medication can help ease symptoms of a mental disorder but are not the answer to all mental health issues

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