Presentation on theme: "The Constitution – Structure and Principles Daily Cornell’s Note and Activity October 8 th, 2010."— Presentation transcript:
The Constitution – Structure and Principles Daily Cornell’s Note and Activity October 8 th, 2010
Background Information The Founders created the Constitution more than 200 years ago. Separation of powers Legislative, executive, and judicial REPUBLIC – power is held by voting citizens through their elected representatives Provides citizens with information about their rights and about what they may reasonably expect of their government. The Success of this system DEPENDS on an INFORMED, participating citizenry An understanding of the Constitution is KEY to understanding the structure and daily function of American government.
Structure Simple and brief, 7000 words Divided into THREE parts – preamble, articles, and amendments Preamble – introduction, states why the Constitution was written Articles (7) – cover general topics Article I establishes the legislative branch Article II – create an executive branch Article III – establishes a Supreme Court with JURISDICTION, or specific authority Article VI – contains the SUPREMACY CLAUSE, establishing that the Constitution, laws passed by Congress and the treaties of the United States shall be the “ Supreme Law of the Land.” Amendments –or changes, 27 and counting ….
Principles 1 Popular sovereignty – rule by the people 2 Federalism – power is divided between the national and state government. 3 Separation of powers – each branch has its responsibilities. 4 Check and balances – each branch of government holds some control over the other two branches 1 VETOEING – president power to check the Congress, may be override by 2/3 vote of each house. 5 Judicial review – Courts have power to declare laws and action of Congress and the president unconstitutional 6 Limited government – the Constitution limits the powers of government by making explicit grants of authority.
Independent Practice Read pages 63 – 67 and complete chapter 3 section 1 assessment. Debrief
Close The United States government is “government of laws, and not of men.” Explain John Adams