2Testicular Self-Examination What is Testicular Self-examination?Testicular self-examination is an examination of the testicles. The testicles (also called the testes) are the male reproductive organs that produce sperm and the hormone testosterone. They are located in the scrotum under the penis.How the Test is PerformedPerform this test during or after a shower. This way, the scrotal skin is warm and relaxed. It's best to do the test while standing. Gently feel your scrotal sac to locate a testicle. Firmly but gently roll the testicle between the thumb and fingers of both hands to examine the entire surface. Repeat the procedure with the other testicle.
3Testicular Self-Examination Cont. Normal ResultsEach testicle should feel firm, but not rock hard. One testicle may or may not be lower or slightly larger than the other.Always ask your doctor if you have any doubts or questions.What Abnormal Results MeanIf you find a small hard lump (like a pea), have an enlarged testicle, or notice any other concerning differences from your last self-exam, see your doctor as soon as you can.
4Testicular Biopsy What is Testicular Biopsy? How the Test is Performed Testicular biopsy is surgery to remove a piece of tissue from the testicles for examination under a microscope.How the Test is PerformedThe biopsy can be performed in many ways. The method used depends on the reason for the biopsy and the patient's and doctor's wishes.Open biopsy may be done in the health care provider's office, a surgical center, or at a hospital. The skin over the testicle is cleaned with a germ-killing (antiseptic) medicine. The area around it is covered with a sterile towel. A local anesthetic is given to numb the area.A small surgical cut is made through the skin, and a small piece of the testicle tissue is removed. A stitch is used to close the opening in the testicle. Another stitch closes the cut in the skin. If necessary, the procedure is repeated for the other testicle.
5Testicular Biopsy Cont. Normal ResultsSperm development appears normal.What Abnormal Results MeanAbnormal results may mean a problem with sperm or hormone function. Biopsy may be able to find the cause of the problem.If the sperm development appears normal in the testicle, but semen analysis shows no sperm or reduced sperm, there may be a blockage of the tube through which the sperm travel from the testes to the urethra. This blockage can sometimes be repaired with surgery.
6Orchiectomy What is a Orchiectomy? A Orchiectomy is a relatively minor surgical procedure to remove a testicle. The procedure is generally performed by a urologist. Often it is performed as same-day surgery, with the patient returning home within hours of the procedure.A 6 cm incision is made above the pubic bone on the side corresponding to the testicle to be removed. The testicle is then pulled up through the inguinal canal, the spermatic cord is clamped off in two places and cut between the clamps.
7Lance ArmstrongLance Edward Armstrong born on September 18, 1971 is an American professional road racing cyclist who rides for UCI ProTour team Team RadioShack. He is also the founder and chairman of the Lance Armstrong Foundation for cancer research and support.He won the Tour de France a record-breaking seven consecutive years, from 1999 to 2005.
8Lance Armstrong Cancer and Recovery On October 2, 1996, at age 25, Armstrong was diagnosed with stage three testicular cancer. The cancer had spread to his lungs, abdomen and brain. On that first visit to a urologist in Austin, Texas, for his cancer symptoms he was already coughing up blood and had a large, painful testicular tumor. Immediate surgery and chemotherapy were required to save his life. Armstrong had an orchiectomy to remove his diseased testicle. After his surgery his doctor admitted that he had had less than a 40% survival chance. Lance went on to beat the disease. Following his treatment he won the Tour de France a record breaking 7 times in a row.
9Stay Fit Remember to stay healthy and fit Get daily exercise. A 30 minute cardio is always greatTry to fit a healthy snack into your daily routineGet at least 7 to 8 hours of sleepPay attention to your body and its signalsRemember always have an annual checkup/physical
10StatisticThe American Cancer Society's most recent estimates for the United States:about 8,400 new cases of testicular cancer will be diagnosed during 2009.about 380 men will die of testicular cancera man's lifetime chance of developing testicular cancer is about 1 in 300.the risk of dying from this cancer is very low: about 1 in 5,000.
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