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Linking Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation: Best practices of the Red Cross Red Crescent societies in delivering its assistance to support.

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Presentation on theme: "Linking Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation: Best practices of the Red Cross Red Crescent societies in delivering its assistance to support."— Presentation transcript:

1 Linking Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation: Best practices of the Red Cross Red Crescent societies in delivering its assistance to support the flood prone areas in Indonesia Febi Dwirahmadi Session 1: Day 3: CLIMATE EXTREME AND DISASTER MANAGEMENT 2010 International Climate Change Adaptation Conference, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia

2 Structure of presentation  Disaster and climate change from global context  Disasters and climate change risks in Indonesia  DRR and CCA concepts  How RCRC deal with it?  Develop the linkages

3 Disasters and Climate Change from global context Climate change exacerbates the frequency and intensity of hydro meteorological disasters (IPCC, 2007) The incidence of some extreme events is expected to increase, such us: high temperature, floods, drought, soil moisture deficit, fires and pest outbreak (IPCC, 2007)

4 Disasters and climate change in Indonesia Hydro meteorological disasters are the most common disaster in Indonesia (BNPB, 2010)

5 Disasters and climate change from local context (3): IESR, 2010 Priambodo, 2010 YearJakarta City , , , ,4 Area loss due to SLR (in Km2)

6 Disaster and climate change in Indonesia (2) Jakarta is sinking !

7 DRR and CCA: Focus on the similarities SimilaritiesDifferences Similar aimsDisaster risk reduction engages with a broader range of disaster Mutual benefitsDifferent institutions (UNFCCC and HFA) Both promote changes in policies, laws, training, and education DRR more concerned with recent hazard, meanwhile CCA future hazard or new potential risks Both need involvement of all stakeholders DRR more practical application, CCA more theoretical application. CCA Is an actual adjustment, or modification in decision environment which aim to enhance resiliency of the community or to reduce vulnerability to the climate change risks (IPCC, 2007) DRR Comprises a range of activities undertaken to minimize vulnerabilities and disaster risk, limit impact of hazards, within the broad context of sustainable development (UNISDR, 2008)

8 So how we deal with it?

9 Expected Outcome : Community Safety and Resilience targeted disaster prevention, mitigation and preparedness activities Integration of DRR considerations into humanitarian response and disaster recovery integration of DRR into policies, planning and Sector Based programming targeted disaster prevention, mitigation and preparedness activities Integration of DRR considerations into humanitarian response and disaster recovery integration of DRR into policies, planning and Sector Based programming targeted disaster prevention, mitigation and preparedness activities Integration of DRR considerations into humanitarian response and disaster recovery Strategic Objectives : integration of DRR into policies, planning and Sector Based programming targeted disaster prevention, mitigation and preparedness activities Integration of DRR considerations into humanitarian response and disaster recovery ICBRR

10 ICBRR Program: in Indonesia Principles: > Participation > Local capacity building, > advocacy & socialization, > community awareness > Sustainability

11 Best practices from ICBRR in Jakarta LESS resilience and MORE vulnerable MORE resilience and LESS vulnerable

12 Through PRA: Understand cause and effect FLOODS in Jakarta People injured or drowned Infrastructure damage Garbage in the river Livelihood disruptions Environmental issues Diseases Economic loss High rainfall rate Water canal blocked by waste Poor drainage system Canal over flooded Coastal flooding Dam burst Low areas

13 Develop the linkages Disaster risk reduction To build a more resilient and safer community Preparedness for respond and Community contingency plan Environmental management Comprehensive risk mapping and identification Poverty reduction and livelihood sustainability Advocacy and socialization NS capacity building Climate change adaptation

14 What have been done: the linkages (1) 1. Preparedness for response and community contigency plan:  Water rescue training  Disaster preparedness in school  CB early warning system  Safety evacuation route, drills and simulation 2. Environmental Management  Green and clean promotion  Waste management (3 R), compost making

15 What have been done: the linkages (2) 3. Comprehensive risk mapping and assessment  Include climate risk into HVCA 4. Advocacy and socialization  Endorsement by local authority and other key stakeholders  Campaign 5. NS Capacity building  Well-prepared National Society: technical ability, volunteer mobilization, good governance, sound financial system

16 What have been done: the linkages (3) 6. Poverty reduction and livelihood sustainability  Microfinance: Establishment of saving and loan cooperation (transfer risk and protect livelihoods)  Community training on business planning and business plan writing  Community life skill training: small enterprises using used materials.

17 Thanks – terima kasih


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