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CAPACITY DEVELOPMENT FOR DISASTER RISK REDUCTION Niloy Banerjee Capacity Development Group/UNDP Geraldine Becchi and Michael Meier Capacity for Disaster.

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Presentation on theme: "CAPACITY DEVELOPMENT FOR DISASTER RISK REDUCTION Niloy Banerjee Capacity Development Group/UNDP Geraldine Becchi and Michael Meier Capacity for Disaster."— Presentation transcript:

1 CAPACITY DEVELOPMENT FOR DISASTER RISK REDUCTION Niloy Banerjee Capacity Development Group/UNDP Geraldine Becchi and Michael Meier Capacity for Disaster Reduction Initiative (UNDP/UNOCHA/UNISDR)

2 CAPACITY BUILDINGCAPACITY DEVELOPMENT Narrower scope –capacity development as a means to an end Focuses more on the initial stages of building or creating capacities Often concerned with what outsiders will do to help build capacity and the contribution they can make Linked more to technical cooperation and to skills development, training, technology transfer One off or shorter –term interventions Broader scope –capacity is both the means and the intended outcome in itself Includes both creating and building (or enhancement) as well as the (subsequent) use, management, retention and sustainability of capabilities Seeks to capitalize on existing national capacities as a starting point Understands that capacity development is nationally owned and led, with outside actors providing support to country led processes Includes a mix of approaches and measures, technical and less tangible, formal and informal Longer-term perspective

3 What Does the Evidence Show (1/4) Capacity development is underpinned by the fundamental characteristic of national ownership A comprehensive capacity development response must link to and draw from relevant national reforms to be sustained, e.g., civil service, wage, language, education, pubic administration reforms Taking a capacity development response to scale requires linking it to national and local plans, processes, budgets and systems 3

4 Tendency often to look only inside of an organization and downplay larger institutional context in which that organization resides A capacity development response should be based on the findings of a capacity assessment, and is a deliberate set of sequenced actions that will influence a given set of skills, systems and power relations A capacity development response can and often must show both short- and long-term gains, to ensure continued political commitment and resource support 4 What Does the Evidence Show (2/4)

5 Capacity development is not about a technical fix. It is about transformations and must address how best to manage change Capacity traps more often pertinent to the soft side, such as power relations, vested interests, access, ethics and attitudes Technical assistance and capacity development are not the same thing! Capacity development is more than training. Training is necessary, but what learning strategies work best for what purpose…. 5 What Does the Evidence Show (3/4)

6 Our approach to supporting capacity development need to be highly contextual, iterative and flexible for good fit The hardest part of a CD process for external partners is the letting go- the litmus test for capacity development is if we make ourselves irrelevant! 6 What Does the Evidence Show (4/4)

7 7 Capacity Development Process UNDG Capacity Development Approach

8 8 A Systems Approach to Capacity Development

9 Capacity for Why? Capacity for Whom? Capacity for What? Capacity Assessment and Capacity Development… Key Design Questions

10 1.Institutional Arrangements: e.g., support to functional reviews and the design of human resource management systems, monetary and non- monetary incentive mechanisms and results-based management. 2.Leadership : e.g., support to visioning, systems thinking and strategic planning exercises; promotion of peer-to-peer mentoring; coalition building and negotiation skills development; design of career management systems. 3.Knowledge: e.g., support to education reform strategies to incorporate human development needs into curriculum reform; facilitation of partnerships for investment in reforming post-secondary education; support to south-south learning solutions. 4.Accountability : Design and support to monitoring and evaluation systems and independent partner review mechanisms; promotion of public information disclosure policies and legislation; support to civic education. Core Issues & Capacity Development Actions

11 An improvement in capacity accelerates achievements of development goals Change in System Performance, Stability and Adaptability Change in Capacity Change in Development Conditions 11 Measuring Capacity Development

12 Sectors National Development Strategies Themes Capacity Assessment and Development Planning… Multiple Points of Entry

13 Brings rigor and a systematic process for assessing existing capacities and needs and formulating a capacity development response Provides a structure for discussion about the scale and scope of a capacity assessment and more generally about a capacity development agenda Provides resources and tools to support a capacity assessment including content for assessing the various cross-sections of point of entry, core issue and functional capacity UNDP Capacity Assessment Methodology – Whats New?

14 Focuses on capacity… not organizational design, not functional roles and responsibilities, not risk Emphasizes the link with capacity development responses… tries to move beyond analysis paralysis – people are happy to stay in the analysis phase… most have skills in this area, accountability for results is limited… its a safe area Establishes indicators… the indicators used to assess capacity become the benchmarks against which to measure progress UNDP Capacity Assessment Methodology – Whats Different?

15 Capacity Development Website –

16 Theoretical and Case Study Publications Capacity for Development: New Solutions to Old Problems Developing Capacity through Technical Cooperation Ownership, Leadership, and Transformation: Can We Do Better for Capacity Development? Action Brief on Capacities for Integrated Local Development Action Brief on Brain Gain Action Brief on Ethics and Values in Civil Service Reforms Practice Notes Practice Note on Capacity Development Practice Note on Capacity Assessment Practice Note on Supporting Capacities for Integrated Local Development Practice Note on Capacity Development during Periods of Transition UNDP Capacity Development Resources

17 Concept Notes on Capacity Development Responses Institutional Reform and Change Management: Managing Change in Public Sector Organizations Incentive Systems: Incentives, Motivation and Development Performance Leadership Development: Leading Transformations at the Local Level Knowledge Services and Learning Mutual Accountability Mechanisms: Accountability, Voice and Responsiveness Multi-Stakeholder Engagement Processes Concept Notes on Capacity Development Applications Capacity Development and Aid Management Procurement Capacities UNDP Capacity Development Resources (Contd.)

18 Resource Guides and Tools (Selection) UNDP Capacity Assessment Users Guide and Supporting Tool A Review of Selected Capacity Assessment Methodologies UNDP Procurement Capacity Assessment Users Guide and Supporting Tool Resource Catalogue on Measuring Capacities: An Illustrative Guide to Benchmarks and Indicators Network Capacity Development Network and Community of Practice UNDP Capacity Development Resources (Contd.)

19 Questions? Thank you


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