Presentation on theme: "Role of CSOs in monitoring Policies and Progress on MDGs."— Presentation transcript:
1Role of CSOs in monitoring Policies and Progress on MDGs. Elijah WachiraUNDP RSC
2How can civil society monitor progress Policies and MDGs? Monitoring spans the entire policy cycle – from needs analysis through implementation to reviewMonitoring implementation of PRSP represents the short and medium term results, with a focus on inputs and outputsMonitoring progress on MDGs involves measuring outcomes and impact of the PRSP (and other interventions) – on a longer term basis
3Civil Society can contribute through: Engaging periodic progress reports e.g. Household Budget Surveys, Participatory Poverty Assessments, MDG Reports”Participation in conducting PPAPreparation of MDG reportsIndependent and credible policy researchMicro-level, non-policy oriented participatory research which presents issues from the point of view of poor people.offers policy makers insights that are relevant to policy formulation and implementation of poverty reduction policyimpossible to capture through research tools which pay less attention to micro-level social dynamics, context and holistic analysis of problemspublic awareness of results to stimulate citizen interest in keeping track of progress and changes in addressing poverty.
4Policy Formulation – PRSP preparation Civil Society role:to ensure that priority needs of poor identified in above exercises are addressed in policies and interventionsAssess sectoral submissions for their focus on poverty or on achieving MDGsEnsure adequate public investments are allocated to community priorities and concernsDetermine benchmarks for policy monitoring
5Monitoring Implementation of PRSP Whether or not the policy is being implementedWhen implemented, does the policy in question have an impact on poverty?Have policy commitments to gender and diversity been met and in what ways?
6The role of Budgets in Monitoring PRSP implementation Policy is translated into action through allocation of resources to it within the annual budget of a countryHence the budget can be a vital vehicle for civil society to monitor whether a policy is being implemented or not
7Budget Debate & Analysis – a second opportunity for civil society if: Budget Formulation – pre-budget consultations with Civil Society & informal channelsMedium Term Expenditure Frameworks (budgeting based on activities & outputs)Management Information Systems (standardization & computerization of financial information to improve public expenditure managementCostings for implementing agreed policies within the PRSPs offer important advocacy tools for influencing budget content and for mobilizing donor commitment to finance resource gaps.Budget Debate & Analysis – a second opportunity for civil society if:Civil society focuses on a few critical areasWork with parliaments – giving budget & finance committees information & analysis to feed the debateUse allies, e.g. academics in providing technical assistanceKeep it simple
8Monitoring Budget Implementation Monitoring budget inputs – has the money left the treasury to go to the relevant ministry and programme?Monitoring budget outputs – to what extent are planned policies producing planned outputs?- (CS can initiate public expenditure tracking surveys, and results used as an advocacy tool to ensure full allocation where gaps exist.- Citizen report cards & surveys to seek client feedback on public services- Timeliness is crucial for ensuring that government rectifies situation within current annual budget
9Monitoring Outcomes and Impact - MDGs & Other sectoral outcomes What are the changes in people’s lives?Qualitative Policy Impact MonitoringA return to poverty monitoring to assess changes – Participatory Poverty AssessmentsCivil society can contribute to:MDGR updateIndependent participatory impact assessmentsPublicity of results to obtain public support for advocacy purposes in the policy (PRSP) review process.
10Conditions for effective civic engagement in monitoring Political spaceGovernment convinced of value of civic engagementSufficient time to allow CSOs to consult their partners and constituentsTimely & adequate information – easy access to plans & budgets smoothens dialogueCivil Society must be ready to commit time, funds & their best human resources to liaise with government on an on-going basisCivil society’s ability to influence policy and quality of its monitoring activities must be evaluated
11Conditions for effective monitoring cont’d Legitimacy, representation, broad participation – what are the links to poor communities & other civil society actors at the level of national networksFeedback mechanisms are required, so that those who are consulted are informed if their views were taken into account.Capacity of civil society for: organizing & networking, poverty monitoring, policy analysis, budget analysis and expenditure tracking, advocacy, lobbying, etc.Capacity of government – understanding of participatory approaches & expertise to use them for policy purposes
12What role for UNDP?Facilitate civil society-government partnership in MDGR preparation & related advocacySupport capacity development for government and civil societySupport civil society coalition building and networking activities to promote representationLink civil society networks in the region to global networks - can facilitate capacity building, contribution of the region to global developments & empowerment of CS actors in regionDevelop genuine, equal & long-term partnership with civil society organizations in above processes.