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Professor Gordon McBean Chair, Science Committee, Integrated Research on Disaster Risk (IRDR) IRDR Integrated Research on Disaster Risk Presentation to.

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Presentation on theme: "Professor Gordon McBean Chair, Science Committee, Integrated Research on Disaster Risk (IRDR) IRDR Integrated Research on Disaster Risk Presentation to."— Presentation transcript:

1 Professor Gordon McBean Chair, Science Committee, Integrated Research on Disaster Risk (IRDR) IRDR Integrated Research on Disaster Risk Presentation to UN ISDR S&T Meeting Pavia, April 2011

2 ICSU Planning Group Assessment - despite all the existing or already planned activities on natural hazards, an integrated research programme on disaster risk reduction, sustained for a decade or more and integrated across the hazards, disciplines and geographical regions, is an imperative. The value- added nature of such a programme would rest with the close coupling of the natural, socio- economic, health and engineering sciences.

3 The executive summary of the ICSU Priority Area Assessment on Capacity Building in Science (2005a) stated that a great challenge is a development problem…the widening gap between advancing science and technology and societys ability to capture and use them.

4 The increases in costs of disasters are taking place in both developed and developing countries, which suggest that reducing the risks from hazards is not simply a matter of economic growth and development. There is a great shortfall in current research on how science is used to shape social and political decision-making in the context of hazards and disasters.

5 These issues also highlight the need for more systematic and reliable information on such events. An aim of the Programme would be to both generate new information and data and to leave a legacy of coordinated and integrated global data and information sets across hazards and disciplines, with unprecedented degrees of access.

6 Integrated Research on Disaster Risk Addressing the challenge of natural and human-induced environmental hazards ( IRDR) An integrated approach to research on disaster risk through: an international, multidisciplinary (natural, health, engineering and social sciences, including socio- economic analysis) collaborative research programme. - Sept/2008

7 Integrated Research on Disaster Risk Scope Geophysical, climate and weather-related trigger events Earthquakes – tsunamis – volcanoes – floods – storms (hurricanes, cyclones, typhoons) – heat waves – droughts – wild-fires – landslides – coastal erosion – climate change (increases of extreme events) Effects of human activities on creating or enhancing disasters, including land-use practices Space weather and impact by near-Earth objects NOT technological disasters, warfare Scientific Objectives

8 Objective-1: Characterization of hazards, vulnerability and risk – 1.1: identifying hazards and vulnerabilities leading to risks; – 1.2: forecasting hazards and assessing risks; and – 1.3: dynamic modelling of risk – HFA-2. Identify, assess and monitor disaster risks and enhance early warning.

9 Objective 2: Effective decision making in complex and changing risk contexts – 2.1: Identifying relevant decision-making systems and their interactions – 2.2: Understanding decision making in the context of environmental hazards; and – 2.3: Improving the quality of decision-making practice. – HFA-1. DRR-national priority. – HFA-5. Strengthen disaster preparedness

10 Objective 3: Reducing risk and curbing losses through knowledge-based actions – 3.1: Vulnerability assessments; – 3.2: Effective approaches to risk reduction – HFA-4. Reduce the underlying risk factors. – HFA-3. knowledge - culture of safety and resilience

11 Cross-Cutting Themes 1.Capacity building 2.Case studies and demonstration projects 3.Assessment, data management and monitoring HFA-2. Identify, assess and monitor disaster risks HFA-5. -HFA-1. … 1.. IPCC Special Report on Climate Extremes

12 IRDR WMO - World Weather Research Program Storms, floods Socio- Economic Research Activities ICSU-WMO-IOC/Unesco - World Climate Research Program Climate extremes ICSU-ISSC-UNU International Human Dimensions Program Integrated Risk Governance Land-Ocean Interactions in Coastal Zone ICSU Regional Programs IUGG-ENHANS CODATA UNESCO-IOC-Tsunami risk – ICL-Landslide risk – GEM-Earthquake risk assessment – ICG-Earthquake/Landslide risk – UNISDR-Drought risk – IFI-Flood risk – ICPAC-Climate risk – RFMC-Wildland fire risk

13 IRDR WMO - World Weather Research Program Storms, floods Socio- Economic Research Activities ICSU-WMO-IOC/Unesco - World Climate Research Program Climate extremes ICSU-ISSC-UNU International Human Dimensions Program Integrated Risk Governance Land-Ocean Interactions in Coastal Zone ICSU Regional Programs IUGG-ENHANS CODATA FORIN UNESCO-IOC-Tsunami risk

14 IRDR Initial Projects: FORIN – IRDR forensic disaster investigations more penetrating investigations that will delve in greater depth into the root causes of disasters. These have been termed forensic disaster investigations driven by the common hypothesis that neither the past nor the current, local, national and global programmes and activities are being guided or supported by a sufficiently strong, in-depth and profound knowledge about natural disaster and their underlying root causes.

15 IRDR WMO - World Weather Research Program Storms, floods Socio- Economic Research Activities ICSU-WMO-IOC/Unesco - World Climate Research Program Climate extremes ICSU-ISSC-UNU International Human Dimensions Program Integrated Risk Governance Land-Ocean Interactions in Coastal Zone ICSU Regional Programs IUGG-ENHANS CODATA FORIN RIA UNESCO-IOC-Tsunami risk

16 RIA – Risk Interpretation and Action Interpretation of risk - how actors attempt to make sense of experience and information from various sources as a basis for decision. – What is likely to happen?. – What do people (especially those at risk) think is likely to happen? – And what will they do about it?.

17 RIA – Risk Interpretation and Action Assessment of risk : – estimation of the likelihood, and likely magnitude, of a hazard event or set of interconnected events (from a physical science perspective); – evaluation of the vulnerability/resilience of the physical infrastructure in the area at immediate risk ; – consideration of social and behavioural factors - greater or lesser risk, - those that may constrain or facilitate appropriate protective action in response to such an event (or a warning thereof). – Role of Health – concerns, response,...?

18 IRDR WMO - World Weather Research Program Storms, floods Socio- Economic Research Activities ICSU-WMO-IOC/Unesco - World Climate Research Program Climate extremes ICSU-ISSC-UNU International Human Dimensions Program Integrated Risk Governance Land-Ocean Interactions in Coastal Zone ICSU Regional Programs IUGG-ENHANS CODATA FORIN RIA Disaster Loss Data Disaster Assessment UNESCO-IOC-Tsunami risk

19 Disaster Loss Data Project... need for more systematic and reliable information on such events.... generate new information and data and to leave a legacy of coordinated and integrated global data and information sets across hazards and disciplines, with unprecedented degrees of access. Disaster Assessment report integrated research assessment report similar to the Disasters by Design concept and similar in style to the IPCC.

20 IRDR WMO - World Weather Research Program Storms, floods Socio- Economic Research Activities ICSU-WMO-IOC/Unesco - World Climate Research Program Climate extremes ICSU-ISSC-UNU International Human Dimensions Program Integrated Risk Governance Land-Ocean Interactions in Coastal Zone ICSU Regional Programs IUGG-ENHANS CODATA FORIN RIA Disaster Loss Data Disaster Assessment UNESCO-IOC-Tsunami risk Intl Center of Excellence

21 IRDR International Centre of Excellence Agreement between the Academy of Sciences, located in Taipei, and the International Council for Science The Centre shall serve as a global platform for conducting disaster risk reduction research, using an integrated multi-disciplinary approach from the perspective of both of the natural and social sciences. exchange of scholars, ideas and information, collaborative research, and education and training. Both domestic and international components.

22 CITIES AT RISK CONFERENCE II April 11-13, 2011 Conference - key themes: (i) Knowledge base for Risk Characterization and Communication; (ii) Assessing Risk and Vulnerabilities; (iii) Developing Urban Adaptation Strategies; (iv) Adaptation Measures and Practices. Outputs Monograph A multi-authored review paper for a journal Outcomes consolidated network of city-based teams working on CAR issues number of follow-on actions/activities (e.g., CCAR/IDRC; CAR/USAID; other, such as ICE/IRDR?) and identification of a capacity building research effort at ICE/IRDR

23 IRDR WMO - World Weather Research Program Storms, floods Socio- Economic Research Activities ICSU-WMO-IOC/Unesco - World Climate Research Program Climate extremes ICSU-ISSC-UNU International Human Dimensions Program Integrated Risk Governance Land-Ocean Interactions in Coastal Zone ICSU Regional Programs IUGG-ENHANS CODATA FORIN RIA Disaster Loss Data Disaster Assessment UNESCO-IOC-Tsunami risk Intl Center of Excellence National Initiatives e.g., CCaR

24 Coastal Cities at Risk (CCaR): Building Adaptive Capacity for Managing Climate Change in Coastal Megacities PI – A. Snidvongs, (Chulalongkorn University and Southeast Asia START Regional Research Center) and G. McBean Vancouver, Bangkok, Manila, Lagos Objectives: The overall objective of the Coastal Cities at Risk (CCaR) Program is to develop the knowledge base and enhance the capacity of mega-cities to successfully adapt to and when necessary cope with risks posed by the effects of climate change, including sea level rise, in the context of urban growth and development. A. Advance knowledge of climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction: B. In the selected sites, develop strategies and methodologies for climate change adaptation: C. Enhance practitioner and academic capacity and transfer knowledge:

25 Other examples Joint Research Centre of the European Commissiondoing research together on RIA and FORIN UK, German,... National studies Japanese National IRDR Cttee – Science Council of Japan, DPRI, ICHARM,... Confederation of Academies of Engineering and Technological Societies (CAETS).

26 26 Sponsors: ICSU, ISSC, UN-ISDR Scientific Committee BENOUAR, Djillai, Algeria CARDONA, Omar Darío, National University of Colombia, Manizales, Colombia CHAN Kin Sek, Raymond, Civil Engineering and Development Department of Hong Kong, China CUTTER, Susan, University of South Carolina, USA EISER, Richard, University of Sheffield, UK – JOHNSTONE, David, Massey University, New Zealand LAVELL, Allan, FLACSO, Costa Rica McBEAN, Gordon, Inst. for Catastrophic Loss Reduction, University of Western Ontario, Canada – CHAIR PATEK, Maria, Vienna, Austria – Austrian Service of Torrents and Avalanche Control SIWAR, Chamhuri, Malaysia TAKEUCHI, Kuniyoshi, ICHARM, Japan VOGEL, Coleen, University of the Witswatersrand, South Africa – WIRTZ, Angelika, Geo Risks Research, Munich Re, Germany > + ICSU, ISSC, UN-ISDR, CEODE ex officio IPO Beijing Consultative Forums IRDR 2011 Disaster Risk: Integrating Science and Practice Oct 31-Nov 1-2, 2011

27 IRDR Legacy An enhanced capacity around the world to address hazards and make informed decisions on actions to reduce their impacts. Societies to shift focus from response- recovery towards prevention-mitigation, building resilience and reducing risks, learning from experience and avoiding past mistakes.

28 28 Integrated Research on Disaster Risk Thank you


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