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CLIMATE RISK: REVIEW OF PROGRESS IN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY L.A.OGALLO IGAD CLIMATE AND APPLICATIONS CENTRE (ICPAC) www.icpac.net www.icpac.net Dept. of.

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Presentation on theme: "CLIMATE RISK: REVIEW OF PROGRESS IN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY L.A.OGALLO IGAD CLIMATE AND APPLICATIONS CENTRE (ICPAC) www.icpac.net www.icpac.net Dept. of."— Presentation transcript:

1 CLIMATE RISK: REVIEW OF PROGRESS IN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY L.A.OGALLO IGAD CLIMATE AND APPLICATIONS CENTRE (ICPAC) Dept. of Met. University of Nairobi

2 KEY ISSUES Review of Progress of S & T issues in support of Climate risk reduction: GLOBAL FRAMEWORK FOR CLIMATE SERVICES (GFCS): An international framework to guide the development of climate services (UN system /WMO and all): WCC-3 plus recent WMO documents Challenges of developing countries

3 Climate risks in developing countries Economic losses as percent of GDP eg one cyclone 10% GDP lost; One flood 15% on national economy (GDP) - followed immediately with severe drought lasting five years wiping serving livelihoods left by floods ) Roles of Non climate hazards: Need for integrated Disaster risk reduction No sustainable development can be achieved within DRR

4 Infrastructure and Industry

5 5 Agriculture & Food Security SOCIO - ECONOMIC IMPACTS

6 Knowledge of interactions at Global, Regional and Local level

7 (i)Research, S &T : Advance understanding / knowledge of Climate Risk Hazards; Values at risks, Vulnerability vs capacity -Mapping at global, regional and local levers -Improved understanding of Causes and Linkages -New tools and methods eg impacts, vulnerability, adaptation -GIS Experience from WMO regional centres

8 Examples of Floods are followed by droughts in Greater Horn of Africa Need to understand extremes, predict and early warn Know the hazards well and the interactions

9 Precipitation anomalies during El Niño in Winter

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11 Key progress areas Observations (GCOS, GOOS, GTOS,GEOSS ) re-analysed data, and enhanced monitoring (space based technology) Data recovery, Data base archiving, …and providing historical baseline references Modeling and prediction Early warning Availability of regional / sector specific down scaled climate products Dissemination and exchange of climate information and services

12 Progress in Climate risk reduction Networking and coordination (WMO system) Capacity building Linkages with users to reduce climate risks Institutional framework: Global, regional National, and LOCAL climate services Partnerships for pilot demonstrations Climate change challenges vs DRR Low Science and technological support to climate risk reduction

13 GLOBAL FRAMEWORK FOR CLIMATE SERVICES (GFCS) - An international framework to guide the development of climate services (UN system /WMO and all) -Framework to link climate science, developments in S & T with all climate related risks (climate variability, change and DRR)

14 Climate services including integrated Disaster risk reduction (Three tie WMO system) WMO Global Producing Centres for Long Range Forecasts WMO Regional climate Centres of excellence National Meteorological and hydrological services (NMHSs) LOCAL COMMUNITY LEVEL not very clear left to regional climate centres

15 Global Producing Centres for Long Range Forecasts

16 Beijing Exeter ECMWF Melbourne Montreal MoscowSeoulToulouse Washington 2M Temperature (MAM 2010) Operational activities for long-range forecasting

17 Melbourne Exeter Beijing ECMWF MontrealMoscowSeoul Toulouse Washington Rainfall (MAM 2010)

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19 Djibouti Ethiopia Eritrea Somalia Kenya Burundi Rwanda Uganda Tanzania Sudan 10 ICPAC MEMBER COUNTRIES

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23 RCOFs based Food Security outlooks FEWS/ NET; Translating prob. into rainfall anomalies Most-likely scenario MAM 2010

24 SEECOF (Southeastern Europe) FOCRAII(Asia) PICOF (Pacific Islands) SARCOF (Southern Africa) SSACOF (Southeast of South America) WCSACOF (Western Coast of South America) PRESAO (West Africa) GHACOF (Greater Horn of Africa) FCCA (Central America) CCOF(Caribbean) PRESAC (Central Africa) SASCOF(India)

25 Science and technology needs and Gaps Observations and data recovery / archiving Regional data base and data management Modeling, prediction and early warning Computing and related needs

26 - Lack of integrated DRR and S $ T policies ( No clear linkages / clear policy for integration with DRR and S & T innovations) - Knowing regional / local hazards (Quantification of hazards, vulnerability) - Human and technical capacity :Multi / Inter disciplinary

27 -Low investments in research, S & T (Lack policy on Research, S & T largely sectors specific, driven by individuals) -Weak National /regional Institutions, with minimum network with universities, and community based systems that could be used to demonstrate good practices -Climate change challenges scenarios projections

28 Lack of capability to use the available S & T and climate information Role of local/ Indigenous knowledge in DRR Finance : Opportunities eg climate fund Regional Collaborations / coordination and networks -Assessment of existing capacity -Enhance capacity of exiting institutions for multi disciplinary DDR approaches (eg The African regional centres)

29 CONCLUSION Role that S $ T can play has been demonstrated Limitation of developing countries to take advantage of available S $ T in DRR Regional Efforts: Ministerial conferences for MET and DRR; AUC workshop on the Global platform Global DRR Platform provide a framework for ensuring S&T to DRR in developing countries. These should include support for local / regional research and capacity building together with S&T innovations for local solutions

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