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Enlightenment, Romanticism, & Revolution Introduction (Humanities 4)

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Presentation on theme: "Enlightenment, Romanticism, & Revolution Introduction (Humanities 4)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Enlightenment, Romanticism, & Revolution Introduction (Humanities 4)

2 TA: William Skiles – 2

3 The Age of Enlightenment ~1650~1800 For: – Reason The source of universal truth – Scientific method Empiricism Nature as the source of truth Nature as a reserve of resources to be exploited Nature as a thing to be dominated – Intellectual freedom Freedom to exercise reason Liberal, but not always democratic May or may not entail political freedom – Contract Only consensual agreements are binding 3

4 The Age of Enlightenment Against – Passions Emotions Bigotries – Favorable or unfavorable Appetites – Tradition Authority Customs – Superstition Religious Magical Ritual 4

5 Pico della Mirandola Italian Renaissance philosopher & mathematician 900 Theses & Oration on the Dignity of Man – 1486 – Manifesto of the Enlightenment 5

6 The Romantic Era ~1780~1850 Against – Aristocracy Political forms Social norms & restrictions, manners – Over-emphasis on rationalism Deadening, mistaken Science & reason not only sources of truth 6

7 The Romantic Era For – Sincerity Be who you are Authenticity Spontaneity Emotion – Love, fear, awe, solidarity The importance of unique individuals – Aesthetics Folk art & customs The experience of beauty – Nature Inherently valuable More important than the social world Beautiful, forceful – New politics Liberal & radical Nationalist 7

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10 Percy Bysshe Shelley English Poet Atheist Possible inventor of nonviolent resistance Married to Mary Shelley – After leaving Harriet Westbrook 10

11 Lord Byron English Poet Traveler Celebrity Dies in Greek War of Independence 11

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