Presentation on theme: "The Romantics The Raft of the Medusa"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Romantics The Raft of the Medusa 1819 Oil on canvas 491 x 716 cm Musee du Louvre, Paris
2 Historical Background 1780-1830 The French Revolution-the lower-class rebelled to try to create a democratic government as opposed to a dictatorship
3 Impact of the French Revolution British writers and artists were moved (to say the least) by the cry of the French for “Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity”
4 Characteristics of Romanticism Literature focuses on the individualConsidered optimistsBelieve in the possibility of progress & social & human reformAttack all forms of tyranny, evils of industrialism such as urban blight, a polluted environment, and the alienation of people from nature & one anotherSee humanity as naturally good, but tainted by society and institutions of religion, education, & gov’t.
5 England’s Impact on Romanticism The Industrial Revolution took place fromEng. Went from an agricultural to an industrial societyRev. helped make Eng. Prosperous and powerfulWorkers were exploited and working conditions were horrible
6 Industrial Revolution’s Impact Towns turned into citiesVillagers forced to seek work in factoriesWages were meager & hours/days were longChildren suffered greatly
7 England AwakensEnglish society realized its obligations to the poor, miserable, & helplessReformers church and gov’t assumed responsibilitiesSunday schools were organizedHospitals were builtRegulations were put in place for child laborEven prisons were being reformed
8 Romanticism RisesEngland’s Romanticism movement affected all countries of Western EuropeRomanticism comes in many shapes and sizesWhat made one person a Romanticist did not necessarily mean the same for others
9 Romanticism-In BriefRomanticism can best be summarized by stating that it represented an attempt to rediscover the mystery & wonder of the world.It was an attempt to go beyond ordinary reality into the deeper, less obvious, and more elusive levels of individual human existence.
10 Romantic PoetsNature was principal source of inspiration, spiritual truth, & enlightenmentFocused on the ordinary person & common life in order to affirm the worth & dignity of all humans, and to repudiate the evils of a class system that artificially designated a few select people as more important than others b/c of wealth, position, or name
11 The Poets Robert Burns 1759-1796 William Blake 1757-1827 William WordsworthSamuel Taylor ColeridgeGeorge Gordon, Lord ByronPercy Bysshe ShelleyJohn Keats
12 Romantic Writers Thomas De Quincey 1785- 1859 Confessions of an English Opium Eater; On the Knocking at the Gate in “Macbeth”Mary ShelleyFrankenstein