2What does it mean to call something Romantic? Take a few minutes and jot down your thoughts on a sheet of notebook paper. Brainstorm a list, or write a paragraph of your ideas about the word Romantic.
3For each statement, write down “A” if you agree or “D” if you disagree 1. The answers to life’s most puzzling questions can be found through discussions with a simple person who lives in the country close to nature—not with a sophisticated, well-educated person from the city.2. The answer to life’s most puzzling questions can be found through a connection with nature.3. The use of one’s imagination is more important than rational (based on reason or fact) thought.4. Subjectivity (personally biased) is more important than objectivity (unbiased).
45. Knowledge is gained through gut reactions and subjective hunches rather than level-headed, objective, rational thought.6. Nature is more important than art.7. Experimental trial and error is a better process than the conventional scientific method.8. Poetry should be spontaneous and full of emotion, not planned and straightforward.9. Sensitivity, feelings, and spontaneity are more important than intellectualism.10. “Dare to be” is a better motto than “dare to know.”
5Are you Romantic? Tally up your number of As: 3 or fewer As = not romantic4 or 5 As = sort of romantic6 or 7 As = highly romantic8-10 As = extremely romanticHas your idea of the word Romantic changed inany way? If so, how?
6RomanticismThe words Romantic or Romance originally referred to Medieval tales of knights written in the original Roman language - Latin. These tales often included love stories between a knight and his lady - resulting in the modern meaning of romance.When talking about the Romantic Era in literature, we are actually referring to romantic as “freely imaginative fiction” and not romantic as in “romantic love”
7Let’s take a step back to the Age of Reason to better understand the Romantic Era
8Age of Reason vs. Romantic Era In the Romantic Era, Writers stressed:Imagination and EmotionConcern with the particular experienceThe value of the individual human beingThe value of freedomIn the Age of Reason, Writers stressed:Reason and JudgementConcern with the universal experienceThe value of society as a wholeThe value of rules
9Characteristics of the Romantic Era 1. Common Man and Childhood over Urban SophisticationRomantics believed in the natural goodness of humans, which is hindered by the urban life of civilization. They believed that the savage is noble, childhood is good and the emotions inspired by both beliefs causes the heart to soar.2. Emotions over ReasonRomantics believed that knowledge is gained through intuition rather than deduction. This is best summed up by Wordsworth who stated that “all good poetry is the spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings.”
103. Nature over Artificial Romantics stressed the awe of nature in art and language and the experience of sublimity through a connection with nature. Romantics rejected the ideas of the industrial revolution .4. The Individual over SocietyRomantics often elevated the achievements of the misunderstood, heroic individual outcast.5. Imagination over LogicRomantics legitimized the individual imagination as a critical authority.
11Which characteristics of the Romantic Era does this painting evoke? William Turner. Arundel Castle, with Rainbow, 1824
12Which characteristics of the Romantic Era does this painting evoke? William Blake, Jacob’s Ladder, (English)
13Which characteristics of the Romantic Era does this painting evoke? John Constable, The White Horse, 1819 (English)
14To the Romantics, nature provided the pattern on which to base their creative lives. The Romantics watched as cities grew, industry prospered and farming life declined. In an effort to reclaim nature, the Romantics made it a central force in their lives and their literature. Nature was celebrated as a source of delight, an image of love, and a model of moral perfection.
15What Romantic Era themes does this painting evoke? Emotion over reasonIndividual over societyImagination over logicNatural over artificialJohn Constable, Dedham Church and Vale, 1800
16Five Major Romantic Era Poets William WordsworthWilliam BlakeLord ByronPercy ShelleyJohn Keats
17William Wordsworth Helped to launch the Romantic Age His most famous work is The Prelude chronicles the spiritual life of the poetHas an interest and sympathy for the life and troubles of the “common man”He is considered the nature poet by focusing ordinary people in country settings
18William Blake Started writing poetry when he was twelve Blake was a nonconformist who associated with some of the leading radical thinkers of his dayHe rebelled against traditional poetic forms and techniquesHe valued imagination over reason
19Lord ByronHe indulged in excesses and had huge debts and many love affairsHis most famous creations are his dark heroes, called Byronic heroes, who, in fact, were not heroes at all, but stood out from ordinary humans as larger than life
20Percy ShelleyShelley had a very unconventional life and was very idealisticHe was also a radical nonconformistHe did not become famous until after his death
21John KeatsDuring his life, his poems did not receive favorable reviews by the criticsThe poetry of Keats is characterized by sensual imagery, most notably in his odes