Presentation on theme: "Essay Prompt #1 AP BIO QUESTION 1996"— Presentation transcript:
1 Essay Prompt #1 AP BIO QUESTION 1996 The unique properties (characteristics) of water make life possible on Earth. Select three properties of water andfor each property, identify and define the property and explain it in terms of the physical/chemical nature of water.for each property, describe one example of how the property affects the functioning of living organisms.
2 Essay Prompt #2AP BIO QUESTION 1991: Carbon is a very important element in living systems. a. Describe the various characteristics of the carbon atomthat makes possible the building of a variety of biologicalmolecules.b. Explain how reactions involving carbon-containingcompounds can contribute to the greenhouse effect.c. The following structures are examples of two differentcategories of biological compounds. Describe how eachcategory of compounds is important to the structure andfunction of living systems.2
3 ESSAY Prompt #3CELL QUESTION 1992:A laboratory assistant prepared solutions of 0.8 M, 0.6 M, 0.4 M, and 0.2 M sucrose, but forgot to label them. After realizing the error, the assistant randomly labeled the flasks containing these four unknown solutions as flask A, flask B, flask C, and flask D.Design an experiment, based on the principles of diffusion and osmosis, that the assistant could use to determine which of the flasks contains each of the four unknown solutions. Include in your answera description of how you would set up and perform the experiment;the results you would expect from your experiment; andan explanation of those results based on the principles involved.(Be sure to clearly state the principles addressed in your discussion.)
4 ESSAY Prompt #4Enzymes are important biological molecules. They are one of the primary means of regulating chemical processes within cells.Describe how enzymes affect chemical reactions.Describe environmental factors that affect enzyme action.Describe how enzymes are important for the process of DNA replication. (see chapter 16)**NOTE: Be sure to include the structure and what enzymes are composed in your answer.
5 Other Information about Enzymes Enzyme questionQUESTION I-20001. The effects of pH and temperature were studied for an enzyme-catalyzed reaction. The following results were obtained.a) How do (1) temperature and (2) pH affect the activity of this enzyme? In your answer, include a discussion of the relationship between the structure and the function of this enzyme, as well as a discussion of how structure and function of enzymes are affected by temperature and pH. b) Describe a controlled experiment that could have produced the data shown for either temperature or pH. Be sure to state the hypothesis that was tested here.
6 Essay Prompt #5 AP BIO CELL RESPIRATION 1977 Explain how the molecular reactions of cellular respiration transform the chemical bond energy of Krebs Cycle substrates into the more readily available bond energy of ATP. Include in your discussion the structure of the mitochondrion and show how it is important to the reactions of the Krebs Cycle and the Electron Transport Chain.
7 Essay Prompt #6 Ap Bio question 1995: Energy transfer occurs in all cellular activities. For 3 of the following 5 processes involving energy transfer, explain how each functions in the cell and give an example. Explain how ATP is involved in each example you choose.Cellular movementActive transportSynthesis of moleculesChemiosmosisFermentation
8 EssayPrompt #7Discuss the process of cell division in animals. Include a description of mitosis and cytokinesis, and of the other phases of the cell cycle. Do not include meiosis. Be sure to be detailed in your response8
9 Essay Prompt #8The Cell Cycle functions in regulating information flow through organisms.Discuss how alleles are distributed by the process of meiosis to the gametes.Explain how the cell cycle is controlled.Explain how these controls prevent errors in inheritance.Note: It is important t answer all three parts (a-c) and to include all of the key proteins and concepts discussed in class. ie. Cyclin, MPF, three checkpoints, p53 genes, tumor suprerssor genes, etc.
10 Essay Prompt #10Read the following question and on a separate sheet op paper give your answer in an ESSAY FORM. Outline alone is not acceptable. Labeled diagrams may be used to supplement discussion, but in no case will a diagram alone suffice. It is important that your read each question completely before you begin to write.In Fruit flies, the phenotype for eye color is determined by a certain locus. E indicates the dominant allele and e indicates the recessive allele. The cross between a male wild-type fruit fly and female white-eyed fly produced the following offspring:Wild-type Wild-type White-eyed White eyed Brown eyedMale Female Male Female FemaleFThe wild-type and white-eyed individuals from F1 generation were then crossed to produce the following offspring:Wild-type Wild-type White-eyed White eyed Brown eyedMale Female Male Female FemaleF1. Determine the genotype of the original parents (P generation) and explain your reasoning. You may use Punnett squares to enhance your description, but the results from the Punnett squares must be discussed in your answer.2. Use a Chi-squared test on the F2 generation data to analyze your prediction of the parental genotypes.Show all your work and explain the importance of your final answer. BE sure to write the Chi-Squareformula next to your work.The brown-eyed female in the F1 generation resulted from a mutational change. Explain what a mutation is, and discuss two types of mutations that might have produced the brown-eyed female in the F1 generation.**Note: Your response to these three questions will be a major part ofyour grade for this lab. Therefore, be thorough and complete in your response
11 Essay Prompt #12Describe the different types of mutations and the process of how genes are expressed (transcription & translation) in a eukaryotic cell. Be sure to include a discussion of how point mutations affect proper protein synthesis at the level of translation. You must mention all the key structures, molecules, and enzymes involved (ex. mRNA, tRNA, snRNA, RNA polymerase, aminoacyl-tRNA synthestase, ribosome & sites, TATA box, etc)NOTE: Labeled drawings & diagrams may be useful in your response but you must draw them don’t cut & paste images in.