Presentation on theme: "Bellringer: EOCT Review Questions"— Presentation transcript:
1 Bellringer: EOCT Review Questions 1.The term “Cold War” refers to:a. The distrust between the US and the Soviet Union that many feared would lead to an actual war in the years following WWIIb. The war fought in Germany after WWII between Communists and Democratsc. The war fought between North and South Koread. The war fought between the US and china following the Chinese Revolution2. The Truman Doctrine stated:a. the US wouldn’t tolerate Communists in the USb. The US would not hesitate to intervene to help foreign nations who were trying to fight against Communistsc. The US would not cross the 38th parallel during the Korea Ward. The US would support Mao’s Revolution in China3. Who was Joseph McCarthy?4. What was the purpose of the House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC)?
3 Korean WarAt the end of WW II Korea was split into two nations at the 38th parallelBoth the North and the South formed their own governments and claimed the entire country as their own.In 1950 the Soviet backed North Korean Army (communists) invaded South Korea (capitalists) nearly capturing the wholecountry
4 President Truman placed General Douglas MacArthur in charge. The U.S. Army, backed by United Nations troops, counter-attacked and pushed the North Korean Army to the border of ChinaFeeling threatened by the advance, China attacked and forced the U.S. to retreat back behind the 38th parallel
5 The Korean WarMacArthur wanted to go on the offensive against China, Truman refused to give this orderMacArthur publicly denounced Truman’s decisionMacArthur was firedKorean War ended in a stalemateNorth Korea remained Communist, and South Korea remained non-Communist
6 Recap: The Korean War Why did the Chinese enter the war? They were a communist countryWhy wouldn’t America go on the Offensive?“containment” meant to prevent the SPREAD of communism- defend non-communist countries from becoming communistIs the Korean War seen as a success or a failure?Stalemate“forgotten war”What is a limited war?War fought to win one specific goal (i.e. containment)
8 Problems in CubaIn 1959 Fidel Castro overthrew the American supported leader of Cuba, Batista.Cuba took control of all U.S. property in Cuba, including land and factoriesThe new Cuban leader, Fidel Castro, became allies with the Soviet Union
9 Bay of Pigs-Bay of Pigs: CIA’s plan for the invasion of Cuba in order to overthrow Castro.-When John Kennedy became President in 1961, he inherited a plan from the previous President, Eisenhower-----4min
10 The U.S. worried that the Soviet Union would use Cuba as a base to spread Communism through out the Western HemisphereThough only the President for three months, Kennedy listened to his advisors and approved the secret plan which called for 1,500 Cuban exiles to attack, supported by U.S. planes
11 Bay of Pigs = DIASTER!1- News of the attack leaked out days before it happened 2-The attack site, the “Bay of Pigs”, was poorly chosen with coral reefs slowing down the landing craft, and swampy land causing problems once ashore3- In an effort to hide U.S. involvement, Kennedy refused to send in the expected air support 4- Within days Cuba had captured or killed the invaders
14 Cuban Missile CrisisIn 1962 U.S. spy planes photographed Soviet made long range missiles being set-up in Cuba
15 Cuban Missile Crisis 1. a naval blockade of Cuba Kennedy ordered the following1. a naval blockade of Cuba2. demanded that the Soviets remove the missiles3. warned Soviet Union that the U.S. would launch an all out nuclear missile attack if any missiles were fired from Cuba
16 Cuban Missile CrisisThe Soviets ignored the warning and continued to work on the sitesMany in the U.S. believed that a nuclear holocaust (mass killing) would occurIn late October, after secretly negotiating with the Soviets, disaster was avoidedThe Soviet Union agreed to pull out of Cuba if the U.S. promised not to invade the island
17 Closing: Exit TicketHow did the spread of communism lead to the Korean War and the Cuban Missile Crisis?