Presentation on theme: "Ministry of Agriculture, Food Security and Cooperatives Plant Health Services Collaboration with Agro-dealers/Commercial Sector to Promote Use of Pre-harvest."— Presentation transcript:
Ministry of Agriculture, Food Security and Cooperatives Plant Health Services Collaboration with Agro-dealers/Commercial Sector to Promote Use of Pre-harvest and Post- harvest Solutions Known to Reduce Aflatoxin Plant Quarantine and Phytosanitary Services Katemani Mdili Plant Quarantine and Phytosanitary Services
Key Questions Are the initiatives undertaken by the Ministry enough to address the issue of aflatoxin? Can the agro dealers/ Commercial Sector have an impact towards reducing aflatoxin given opportunity to work in collaboration with the Government?
Contributing factors: i)environmental factors -high humidity and temperature favour fungal propagation, drought conditions increase risk of aflatoxin ii)agronomic factors- Low-input farming practices iii) socio-economic factors- Food insecurity, Limited choice for low risk and high value Risk of aflatoxin Risk of aflatoxin contamination of food and feed in East Africa is increasing
Solution to Control of aflatoxin The control of mycotoxins is a complex process an integrated quality control program is needed throughout the production chain molds producing mycotoxins can either penetrate food before harvest during the postharvest stages
Pre and Post harvest Solution Several methods of pre-harvest handling and best practices for post-harvest handling can reduce contamination To fully address this in a comprehensive approach Country has to embrace Good Agricultural Practices The concept of GAP evolved recently as a result of the big concern about food safety and quality, and the environmental sustainability of agriculture
Pre and Post harvest Solution In a broad sense GAP applies available knowledge in addressing environmental, economic and social sustainability for on-farm production and post-production processing, resulting in safe and healthy food and non-food agricultural products produce Through the MoA this approach is being gradually instigated and sensitized to farmers
Strategic Areas Seed, crop selection and seedlings production Create understanding of the importance of selecting suitable seeds and crops suitable for growing condition and that comply with market requirement understand the importance of using pure certified seed understand key questions on suitability of crop for small-holder production. Crop pests and diseases understand the impact of crop enemies and the needs for plant protection strategies able to carry out observations on pests and disease understand crop infestation and damage during production and postharvest
Strategic Areas Integrated pest management (IPM) understand IPM approach in managing crop pests understand crop protection principles Pesticide application Understanding pesticide best practices Understanding the importance of pesticide safe use Understanding the importance of observing MRL
Post harvest crop management practices Highlighting the most important intervention areas such as food processing, storage strategies such as drying and improving conditions. Control Insect and pest management Aflatoxin contamination has been shown to increase with storage period
Inspection and Detection MoA through Plant Health Services have the mandate to regulate agric commodities destined for imports and exports – Conducting Pest Risk Analyses – Exit/Entry points Inspection – Warehouse and Go down Inspection
World distribution of Aspergillus flavus
SIRALI NAMANGA TARAKEA HOLILI HOLOHOLO TANGA HABOUR DAR HABOUR TAZARA JNIA MTWARA PORT MTAMBASWALA MBAMBA BAY ITUNGI PORT TUNDUMA KASUMULO KASESHA KASANGA KAREMA KALYA KIGOMA PORT MANYOVU KABANGA RUSUMO MABAMBA MUSOMA PORT MWANZA PORT MTUKULA TENGERU KIA Tanzania Plant Quarantine and Phytosanitary Services Inspectorate Border Posts ISAKA
Potential Challenges Limited resource personnel to deliver Extension Services incentives, subsidies and policy instruments related to agricultural trade product certification, labelling and consumer trends Can the Government do all these by itself? Is there need for a third party certification system? consistency with food security measures and priorities of limited resource or potentially marginalized groups
How do we address these challenges? Can the commercial sector be an integral part in finding the sound solutions that will ensure food safety?