Presentation on theme: "Ministry of Agriculture, Food Security and Cooperatives"— Presentation transcript:
1Ministry of Agriculture, Food Security and Cooperatives Plant Health ServicesCollaboration with Agro-dealers/Commercial Sector to Promote Use of Pre-harvest and Post-harvest Solutions Known to Reduce AflatoxinKatemani MdiliPlant Quarantine and Phytosanitary ServicesPlant Quarantine and Phytosanitary Services
2Key QuestionsAre the initiatives undertaken by the Ministry enough to address the issue of aflatoxin?Can the agro dealers/ Commercial Sector have an impact towards reducing aflatoxin given opportunity to work in collaboration with the Government?
3Risk of aflatoxinRisk of aflatoxin contamination of food and feed in East Africa is increasingContributing factors:environmental factors -high humidity and temperature favour fungal propagation, drought conditions increase risk of aflatoxinagronomic factors- Low-input farming practicesiii) socio-economic factors- Food insecurity, Limited choice for low risk and high value
5Solution to Control of aflatoxin The control of mycotoxins is a complex processan integrated quality control program is needed throughout the production chainmolds producing mycotoxins can either penetrate food before harvest during the postharvest stages
6Pre and Post harvest Solution Several methods of pre-harvest handling and best practices for post-harvest handling can reduce contaminationTo fully address this in a comprehensive approach Country has to embrace Good Agricultural PracticesThe concept of GAP evolved recently as a result of the big concern about food safety and quality, and the environmental sustainability of agriculture
7Pre and Post harvest Solution In a broad sense“GAP applies available knowledge in addressing environmental, economic and social sustainability for on-farm production and post-production processing, resulting in safe and healthy food and non-food agricultural products produce”Through the MoA this approach is being gradually instigated and sensitized to farmers
8Strategic Areas Seed, crop selection and seedlings production Create understanding of the importance of selecting suitable seeds and crops suitable for growing condition and that comply with market requirementunderstand the importance of using pure certified seedunderstand key questions on suitability of crop for small-holderproduction.Crop pests and diseasesunderstand the impact of crop enemies and the needs for plant protection strategiesable to carry out observations on pests and diseaseunderstand crop infestation and damage during production and postharvest
9Strategic Areas Integrated pest management (IPM) Pesticide application understand IPM approach in managing crop pestsunderstand crop protection principlesPesticide applicationUnderstanding pesticide best practicesUnderstanding the importance of pesticide safe useUnderstanding the importance of observing MRL
10Post harvest crop management practices Highlighting the most important intervention areas such as food processing, storage strategies such as drying and improving conditions.Control Insect and pest managementAflatoxin contamination has been shown to increase with storage period
12Inspection and Detection MoA through Plant Health Services have the mandate to regulate agric commodities destined for imports and exportsConducting Pest Risk AnalysesExit/Entry points InspectionWarehouse and Go down Inspection
19Potential ChallengesLimited resource personnel to deliver Extension Servicesincentives, subsidies and policy instruments related to agricultural tradeproduct certification, labelling and consumer trendsCan the Government do all these by itself?Is there need for a third party certification system?consistency with food security measures and priorities of limited resource or potentially marginalized groups
20How do we address these challenges? Can the commercial sector be an integral part in finding the sound solutions that will ensure food safety?