Presentation on theme: "Integrated Pest Management International Policies and Trends"— Presentation transcript:
1Integrated Pest Management International Policies and Trends Harry van der Wulp, Senior Policy OfficerPlant Production and Protection DivisionFood and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
2Governments are facing many challenges regarding agricultural production Soaring food pricesIncreasing populationsChanging food patternsClimate changeDemand for biofuelConsumer demand for safe foodDevelopment of export marketsRequires sustainable intensification of agricultural production
3Concerns about pesticide use Agronomic risks related to inappropriate useFood safety and other public health risks (pesticide exposure; pesticide residues)Environmental risks (water contamination, biodiversity)Market access - Pesticide residue requirements are increasingly important in trade (Legal requirements and private GAP standards)Pesticide quality - Illegal trade in pesticides; (substandard, counterfeit and fake products)
4These concerns feed into policy development Sector policies affecting pesticide usePublic health and food safetyEnvironmental protectionNature conservationWater qualityLabour standards
5These concerns feed into policy development Pest and pesticide management policyRegulation of pesticide usePesticide management capacity buildingDevelopment of policy to encourage IPMCapacity building in IPM trainingGood Agricultural Practice (GAP) schemesPhytosanitary legislation and capacity building
6....... and at International Level International instrumentsInternational Code of Conduct on Distribution and Use of PesticidesRotterdam Convention (PIC)Stockholm Convention (POP)Montreal ProtocolCODEX AlimetariusInternational Plant Protection Convention (IPPC)Trade requirements (public and private)MRLsGAP
8Principles for pesticide risk reduction Reduce reliance on pesticides \ reduce pesticide use - Prevent pest build up - Use non-chemical pest management toolsBetter selection of pesticides Select least harmful productsEnsure proper use of the selected products in line with international standards.- Including accurate calibration and application
9Policies tools for pesticide risk reduction Strengthen regulatory control of pesticidesPromote IPMPromote GAP, with crop protection based on IPMEnhance access to non-chemical pest management approaches and productsResource allocation to education, extension and researchAwareness raising and training programmes - Risks; proper and rational use of pesticides, - use of none\less hazardous alternativesIncentives/disincentives to encourage/discourage certain practices
10Growing attention for IPM Challenges to production and concerns about pesticidesGrowing attention for IPMInternationalRegional and NationalPrivate Sector
11Three decades of FAO IPM Programmes Some of the Lessons Learned There often is significant pesticide overuse that can be eliminated without loss in crop production.Promotion of IPM requires farmer education. Introduction of IPM can start with simple measures and then gradually develop into more complex approaches.Broad adoption of IPM needs to be supported by policy reform.
12FAO PolicyImplementation of the International Code of Conduct on the Distribution and Use of Pesticides - Revision of 2002 puts more emphasis on IPMMainstreaming principles of IPM in all work on plant production and protection.IPM is now considered an integral part of pesticide risk reduction.
13The International Code of Conduct on the Distribution and Use of Pesticides Articles referring to IPM (summarised)3.7 Concerted efforts by governments to develop and promote the use of IPM. Including the development of National IPM policies.3.8 All stakeholders, should play a proactive role in the development and promotion of IPM.3.9 Promote research on, and the development of, alternatives posing fewer risks.5.1 Support for IPM extension
14World Bank Operational Policy 4.09 on Pest Management Art. 1: In assisting borrowers to manage pests that affect either agriculture or public health, the Bank supports a strategy that promotes the use of biological or environmental control methods and reduces reliance on synthetic chemical pesticides.Art. 4: In Bank-financed agriculture operations, pest populations are normally controlled through IPM approaches, such as biological control, cultural practices, and the development and use of crop varieties that are resistant or tolerant to the pest. The Bank may finance the purchase of pesticides when their use is justified under an IPM approach.
15EU Proposal for a Directive on establishing a framework for Community action to achieve the sustainable use of pesticidesArticle 13 on IPM requires Member States to: (summarised)Take appropriate measures to promote low pesticide- input pest management - including IPM, .... giving priority wherever possible to non-chemical methods ..Establish the necessary conditions for implementation of IPM, and report on this to the Commission by 06/2013describe in Action Plan how they ensure that all professional users implement the general principles of IPM by 2014Establish appropriate incentives to encourage implementation of crop or sector specific guidelines for IPM on a voluntary basis.
16Many developing countries already have policies and programmes to mainstream IPM MaliIndiaCambodia
17IPM in ChinaIPM-based safe-vegetable production scheme to supply Beijing (and the olympics)
18Private Sector GAP schemes E.g.: GlobalGAP (EurepGAP) - TOR: Minimization of agrochemical inputs - Specific requirements regarding IPMCompany policiesFood industryCotton users
19My local supermarketsAgricoltura a lotta Integrata
20Concluding CommentsIPM helps reduce pesticide use and helps achieve selection of less hazardous productsIPM is increasingly being promoted/implemented Range: small scale farmers – multinationals both in industrialized and developing countriesPromotion of IPM should be a key element of strategies and efforts to reduce risk related to the use of chemicalsA pro-active approach to involve the agricultural sector is required to capture the potential offered by IPM in the context of SAICM