Presentation on theme: "Presentation 4.2 CODEX STANDARDS ON SAFETY Section IV Food Quality and Standards Service (ESNS) Food and Nutrition Division. FAO."— Presentation transcript:
Presentation 4.2 CODEX STANDARDS ON SAFETY Section IV Food Quality and Standards Service (ESNS) Food and Nutrition Division. FAO
Presentation 4.2 FAO Strategic framework for Food Safety Issues Universal approach to food safety issues based on risks. Increase the implementation of preventive measures to avoid food contamination from its origin. Adoption of an integrated approach to food safety throughout the food chain “from farm to plate” (Committee on Agriculture 2003)
Presentation 4.2 The Food Quality and Standards Service of the Food and Nutrition Division works on: Providing technical assistance and capacity building activities in quality and safety issues FAO/ESNS Technical assistance
Presentation 4.2 Reorganization and strengthening of national food control systems; Strengthening national structures involved in the work of Codex; Enhancing the safety and quality of selected food products or groups of products; Harmonization of food standards and regulations within regions and with Codex; Harmonization of food standards and regulations within regions and with Codex; Improving the quality and safety of street foods; Prevention and control of mycotoxins; ESNS Activities
Presentation 4.2 Development of studies and applied research in issues related to food quality and safety; Technical Cooperation Projects in developing countries. ESNS Activities
Presentation 4.2 - To guarantee quality and safety of the foods traded at the national and international level; - Protecting the health of the consumers and ensuring fair practices in the food trade; - Facilitating food trade. FOOD CONTROL SYSTEMS
Presentation 4.2 -Consumer protection, facilitate the production of safe food and fair trade practices. - Simple, coherent, transparent, result of process of consensus among the food chain actors. - Based on risk assessment through the food chain. FOOD REGULATIONS
Presentation 4.2 OBJECTIVES Consumer protection; Fair practices in the food trade; Promoting coordination of all food standard work undertaken by international governmental and non governmental organizations.
Presentation 4.2 Codex Alimentarius Commission 165 Member Nations. Adopt Codex Standards. Review of the provisional agenda. Review of Budget.
Presentation 4.2 At the National level Codex Contact Point. National Codex Committee and Technical Sub-committees
Presentation 4.2 Advisory Mechanisms JECFA –Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (Food additives, contaminants, residues of veterinary drugs. JMPR-Joint FAO/WHO Meeting on Pesticide Residues. JEMRA-Joint FAO/WHO Expert Meetings on Microbiological Risk Assessment. Expert Consultations on topics as required.
Presentation 4.2 Agreement on the application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS). Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) National Standards and Regulations Harmonized with Codex Standards, are accepted by the WTO Agreements. WTO Agreements
Presentation 4.2 –Discourage the use of sanitary and phystosanitary measures as international trade barriers. –Codex Standards, Guidelines and Codes of Practice are recognized by WTO as reference for settlement of disputes and international trade. –Ask for harmonization based on Codex Standards. –Recognize Codex as the reference body regarding Food Safety Issues. SPS Agreement
Presentation 4.2 Codex Food Safety dispositions recognized by the SPS Agreement: –Maximum Limits for Pesticides and Veterinary Drugs. –Maximum Limits for Food Additives. –Maximum Limits for Contaminants. –Codex standards and guidelines on Food Hygienic Requirements.
Presentation 4.2 Since its establishment: 204Food Standards 43Codes of Practice 33 Guidelines 237 Pesticides evaluated 2516 Limits for Pesticide residues 25 Contaminants evaluated. 1300Food Additive evaluated 70 Veterinary Drugs evaluated. 289 Limits for Veterinary Drugs.
Presentation 4.2 –Inclusion of HACCP principles in the General Principles of Food Hygiene. http://www.fao.org/DOCREP/005/Y1579E/Y1579E00.HTM –Guidelines for Food Import and Export Inspection and Certification Systems. http://www.fao.org/DOCREP/005/X4489E/X4489E00.HTM Statements of Principles Relating to the Role of Food Safety Risk Assessment are taken into consideration in Codex work. http://www.fao.org/DOCREP/005/Y2200E/Y2200E00.HTM SPS agreement: its implications in Codex work
Presentation 4.2 –prevents the use of national or regional technical requirements, or standards in general, as unjustified barriers to trade (FAO, 2000). –the agreement covers standards relating to all types of products including industrial and agricultural products. Not covered are food standards related to sanitary and phytosanitary measures. –It includes numerous measures designed to protect consumers against deception and economic fraud. TBT Agreement
Presentation 4.2 Codex decisions recognized by the TBT Agreement: Food labeling. Decisions on quality aspects. Nutritional requirements. Analytical and simple methods.
Presentation 4.2 Upgrade National Food Standards and Regulations based on harmonization with Codex; get involved with Codex work; Strengthen National Food Control Systems; and Ensure efficient importing and exporting inspection and certification systems. CODEX AND WTO MEMBERS SHOULD
Presentation 4.2 ● Market access opportunities; ● Increased opportunities for producers, exporters, consumers and legal authorities in setting information regarding international food quality and safety standards, and take part in their elaboration; Advantages of active participation in Codex
Presentation 4.2 ● possibilities to reach sustainability of the agricultural, fishery and forestry sectors; ● guarantee the supply of safe, wholesome and nutritive products; and ● contribute to achieve food security objectives. Advantages of active participation in Codex
Presentation 4.2 Work carried out by the Codex Alimentarius Commission regarding Fresh Fruits and Vegetables.
Presentation 4.2 member countries should: - harmonize and modernize their standards and regulations based on those of Codex. –have an active participation in Codex works. Implications of the SPS and TBT agreements
Presentation 4.2 Codex Commission work related with the quality and safety of fruits fruit and vegetables
Presentation 4.2 Recommended International Code of Practice General Principles of Food Hygiene. http://www.fao.org/DOCREP/005/Y1579E/Y1579E00.HTM Revised guidelines for the application of the HACCP system. http://www.codexalimentarius.net/reports.asp Code of Hygienic Practice for Fresh Fruits and Vegetables. http://www.codexalimentarius.net/reports.asp
Presentation 4.2 Maximum residue limit of pesticides and contaminants in several fruits and vegetables. (http://apps.fao.org/CodexSystem/pestdes/pest_q-e.htm).http://apps.fao.org/CodexSystem/pestdes/pest_q-e.htm Guidelines for the Production, Processing, Labelling and Marketing of Organically Produced Foods. (http://www.fao.org/DOCREP/005/Y2772E/Y2772E00.HTM)http://www.fao.org/DOCREP/005/Y2772E/Y2772E00.HTM The International Code of Conduct on the Distribution and Use of Pesticides. http://www.fao.org/ag/agp/agpp/Pesticid/Default.htm)
Presentation 4.2 Commercial Quality Standards: 22 Standards. ( http://www.codexalimentarius.net/standard_list_es.asp) http://www.codexalimentarius.net/standard_list_es.asp Recommended International Code of Practice for Packaging and Transport of Tropical Fresh Fruit and Vegetables-CAC/RCP 44-1995 http://www.codexalimentarius.net/standard_list_es.asp) (http://www.codexalimentarius.net/standard_list_es.asp) Standards in elaboration (http://www.codexalimentarius.net/ccffv10/ff02_01s.htm )
Presentation 4.2 Commercial Quality Standards: Draft- Guidelines for Quality Control Systems of Fresh Fruits and Vegetables. ( http://www.codexalimentarius.net/ccffv10/ff02_01s.htm ) De for Food Labeling, specifically for Fresh Fruits and Vegetables. ( http://www.codexalimentarius.net/ccffv10/ff02_01s.htm )
Presentation 4.2 FAO FOOD SAFETY PUBLICATIONS Manuals of food quality control (series of 17) http://www.fao.org/es/ESN/publications/pub_control_en.stm Food Quality and Safety Systems - A Training Manual on Food Hygiene and the Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) System. http://www.fao.org/es/ESN/publications/pub_quality_en.stm Improving the Quality and Safety of Fresh Fruits and Vegetables: a Practical Approach. FAO/ESNS. http://www.fao.org/es/ESN/food/foodandfood_fruits_en.stm http://www.fao.org/es/ESN/food/foodandfood_fruits_en.stm Guidelines for developing an effective national food control system. http://www.fao.org/es/ESN/publications/pub_cont rol_en.stm
Presentation 4.2 FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS (FAO) Food Quality and Standards Service (ESNS) Food and Nutrition Division Viale delle Terme di Caracalla 00100 Rome, Italy E-mail: email@example.com Tel.: 0039 06 57053308 Fax.: 0039 06 570 54593/53152 http://www.fao.org/