Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY.
Presentation on theme: "Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY."— Presentation transcript:
Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY
Essential Question: Champion of the Common Man? King Andrew? OR
Voting Requirements in the Early 19c
Why Increased Democratization? 3 White male suffrage increased 3 Party nominating committees. 3 Voters chose their states slate of Presidential electors. 3 Spoils system. 3 Rise of Third Parties. 3 Popular campaigning (parades, rallies, floats, etc.) 3 Two-party system returned in the 1832 election: Dem-Reps Natl. Reps.(1828) Whigs (1832) Republicans (1854) Dem-Reps Natl. Reps.(1828) Whigs (1832) Republicans (1854) Democrats (1828) Democrats (1828)
Jackson s First Hermitage Residence
First Known Painting of Jackson, 1815
General Jackson During the Seminole Wars
The Common Man s Presidential Candidate
Jackson s Opponents in 1824 Henry Clay [KY] John Quincy Adams [MA] John C. Calhoun [SC] William H. Crawford [GA]
Results of the 1824 Election A Corrupt Bargain? A Corrupt Bargain?
Rachel Jackson Final Divorce Decree
Jackson in Mourning for His Wife
1828 Election Results
The Center of Population in the Country Moves WEST
The New Jackson Coalition The New Jackson Coalition 3 The Planter Elite in the South 3 People on the Frontier 3 State Politicians – spoils system 3 Immigrants in the cities.
Jackson s Faith in the Common Man Jackson s Faith in the Common Man 3I3I3I3Intense distrust of Eastern establishment, monopolies, & special privilege. 3H3H3H3His heart & soul was with the plain folk. 3B3B3B3Belief that the common man was capable of uncommon achievements.
The Reign of King Mob The Reign of King Mob
Andrew Jackson as President
The Peggy Eaton Affair The Peggy Eaton Affair
The Webster-Hayne Debate Sen. Daniel Webster [MA] Sen. Robert Hayne [SC]
Webster: Liberty and Union, now and forever, one and inseparable. Jackson: Our Federal Unionit must be preserved. Calhoun: The Union, next to our liberty, most dear.
1832 Tariff Conflict > Tariff of Abomination > new tariff 3 South Carolinas reaction? 3 Jacksons response? 3 Clays Compromise Tariff?
Indian Removal 3 Jacksons Goal? Indian Removal Act 3 Cherokee Nation v. GA (1831) * domestic dependent nation 3 Worcester v. GA (1832) 3 Jackson: John Marshall has made his decision, now let him enforce it!
The Cherokee Nation After 1820
Trail of Tears ( )
Jackson s Professed Love for Native Americans
Jackson s Use of Federal Power VETO 1830 Maysville Road project in KY [state of his political rival, Henry Clay]
The National Bank Debate Nicholas Biddle President Jackson
Opposition to the 2 nd B.U.S. Soft (paper) $ Hard (specie) $ 3s3s3s3state bankers felt it restrained their banks from issuing bank notes freely. 3s3s3s3supported rapid economic growth & speculation. 3f3f3f3felt that coin was the only safe currency. 3d3d3d3didnt like any bank that issued bank notes. 3s3s3s3suspicious of expansion & speculation.
The Monster Is Destroyed! 3 pet banks? Jackson vetoed the extension of the 2 nd National Bank of the United States the charter expired the bank went bankrupt!
The Downfall of Mother Bank The Downfall of Mother Bank
An 1832 Cartoon: King Andrew ? King Andrew ? An 1832 Cartoon: King Andrew ? King Andrew ?
1832 Election Results Main Issue?
The Specie Circular (1836) 3 wildcat banks. 3 buy future federal land only with gold or silver. 3 Jacksons goal?
Results of the Specie Circular $Banknotes loose their value. $Land sales plummeted. $Credit not available. $Businesses began to fail. $Unemployment rose. The Panic of 1837! The Panic of 1837!
The 1836 Election Results Martin Van Buren Old Kinderhook [O. K.]
The Panic of 1837 Spreads Quickly!
Andrew Jackson in Retirement
Photo of Andrew Jackson in 1844 (one year before his death)