Presentation on theme: "President Andrew Jackson"— Presentation transcript:
1President Andrew Jackson Chapter 10: A Democratic Revolution: 1800—1844How did debates over federal power, states rights, and the authority of different branches of the federal government change the nation’s democratic ideals and reform its institutions?How did government policy shaped by interest in expanding trade and national borders give rise to debates and compromises over the extension of slavery?President Andrew Jackson“King”Andrew?
2What is the American Democratic Revolution? What are the characteristics of this revolution?How are things changing?What are the effects of this revolution on the U.S.
5Why Increased Democratization? White male suffrage increased – new states introduce universal male suffrage.Party nominating committees. Begun by a third party.Voters chose their state’s Presidential electors.Spoils system.Rise of Third Parties.Popular campaigning (parades, rallies, floats, etc.)Two-party system returned in the 1832 election:Dem-Reps Natl. Reps.(1828) Whigs (1832) Republicans (1854)Democrats (1828)
7The New “Jackson Coalition” The Planter Elite in the SouthPeople on the FrontierState Politicians – spoils system “Turn the rascals out, put our rascals in.”Immigrants in the cities.
8Jackson’s Faith in the “Common Man” Intense distrust of Eastern “establishment,” monopolies, & special privilege. NotablesHis heart & soul was with the “plain folk.”Belief that the common man was capable of uncommon achievements.
121832 Tariff Conflict1828 “Tariff of Abomination” reenactment signed in 1832South Carolina’s reaction? – Nullification (The South Carolina Exposition and Protest, by V.P. Calhoun)Jackson’s response? Military Force BillClay’s “Compromise” Tariff? Gradual reduction ( )
14“The Nullies” v Jackson John C Calhoun (VP Under Adams and Jackson) wrote South Carolina Exposition (1828)“Concurrent Majority” – a federal law that is harmful to states can be declared null and void via a convention of the people.Jackson’s Response – Threatened military force and “Force Bill”What steps were taken to avoid a military conflict?
16Jackson and The Native Americans 1828 The Cherokee Tribes of Georgia wrote and adopted a constitution with 3 branch government.Georgia declared the Cherokee Assembly illegal (SC ruled in favor of Indians)– state has no authority in tribal legislationWorcester v Georgia –state has no authority in tribal legislationJackson’s Response:“John Marshall had made his decision, now let him enforce it.”How does this quote from Jackson show his increasing strength as President?
20Indian Removal Act of 1830100,000 Indians moved from east of Mississippi1832 – Black Hawk WarOsceola and Florida Seminoles“Trail of Tears” 14,000 Cherokees, 116 days – 3,000 deaths (25%)100 million acres given up$68 million paid out, 32 million acres in West
22Jacksonians on States’ Rights Charles River Bridge v. Warren Bridge (1837)States, not federal government, had power to enter into contracts regarding infrastructure, transportation.Maysville Road Veto - I am not able to view [the Maysville Road Bill] in any other light than as a measure of purely local character.... It has no connection with any established system of improvements; [and] is exclusively within the limits of a State [Kentucky]....
23Jackson’s Use of Federal Power VETO1830 Maysville Road project in KY [state of his political rival, Henry Clay]
24Renewing the Charter of the Second Bank of the United States
25The National Bank Debate President JacksonNicholas Biddle
26“The Hydra of Corruption” – The Bank Wars Nicholas Biddle – President of Bank of USFunctions – print stable currency, keep federal money, control gold and silver, source of credit1832 – Clay and Webster wanted to use the renewal of the charter to embarrass the President – if he passed the charter he would anger his followers, if he vetoed it the wealthy would be upset.How did the veto increase the power of President?